• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • ŻUCHOWSKI Vaclav, source: zychlin-historia.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŻUCHOWSKI Vaclav
    source: zychlin-historia.com.pl
    own collection

surname

ŻUCHOWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

ZUCHOWSKI

forename(s)

Vaclav (pl. Wacław)

  • ŻUCHOWSKI Vaclav - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŻUCHOWSKI Vaclav
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

honorary canon (Pułtusk collegiate)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

17.09.1886

Żychlin
Kutno Cou., Łódź voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

10.06.1911 (Płock cathedral)

positions held

parish priest of Ruże n. Obory (1927‑39), f. parish priest of Mochowo parish (1918‑27), f. vicar of Płock–fara (1916‑8), Dzierzgów (1915‑6), Nasielsk (1913‑5), Raciąż parishes (1911‑3)

date and place of death

13.05.1940

KL Sachsenhausen
concentration camp, Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg, Oberhavel dist., Brandenburg, Germany

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 21.10.1939. Taken to Obory transit camp and next day on 22.10.1939 jailed in Rypin. On 30.10.1939 moved back to Obory transit camp. Four months later on 22.02.1940 transferred to Grudziądz prison and on 10.03.1940 to KL Stutthof concentration camp. After a month on 10.04.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. There many times forced to take cold showers. Contracted the high fever, lost consciousness and fell, cried from pain and was clutching his head. Prob. murdered by the Germans in the toilet.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

ADAMCZYK Stanislaus, BRZĄKAŁA Victor, BURCZYK Felix, BYTOF Peter, CHARSZEWSKI Ignatius, CHYLARECKI Stanislaus, CIEMNIAK Louis, CYBULSKI Stanislaus, CZAKI Saturnin, CZAPIEWSKI Joseph Leonard, DEMSKI Vladislav, DOERING Alexander, FIGAT Henry, GOŃCZ Bernard, GORAL Vladislav, GRZEBIELEWSKI Joseph, GUZ Joseph Adalbert (Fr Innocent), HEVELKE John, HINZ Francis, HINZ Thaddeus, JARZĘBSKI Stanislaus, JORDAN Boleslaus, KALINOWSKI Theodore, KARAMUCKI Edmund Vladislav, KARCZYŃSKI Cyril Methodius, KAŹMIERCZAK Bronislaus, KLEIN John, KOMPF January, KONKOLEWSKI Joachim, KOWNACKI Bronislaus, KOZUBEK Roman, KRAUZE Edmund, KRUPIŃSKI Louis, KUBIAK John (Bro. Norbert Mary), KUBICKI Steven, KUBISTA Stanislaus, KUPILAS Francis, LAPIS Casimir, LENART John, LICZNERSKI Constantine, ŁOSIŃSKI Bernard Anthony, MACIĄTEK Stanislaus Peter, MARCHLEWSKI Leonard, MATUSZEWSKI Francis, MĄKOWSKI John, MĘŻNICKI Joseph, MICHNOWSKI Marian John, MITRĘGA Francis, MORKOWSKI Edmund, MOŚCICKI Joseph, NAGÓRSKI Paul Adalbert, NITSCHMANN Adam Robert, NOWAŃSKI Anthony, NOWICKI Alexander, OCHOŃSKI Charles (Fr Chris), OKOŁO-KUŁAK Anthony, PALUCHOWSKI Boleslaus, PETRYKOWSKI Steven, PIASZCZYŃSKI Michael, PODLASZEWSKI Francis, POMIANOWSKI Vladislav, RADTKE Steven Boleslaus, SĄSAŁA Theodore, SKOBLEWSKI Mieczyslav, SKOWRON Casimir, SOCHACZEWSKI Bronislaus Peter, SWINARSKI-PORAJ Nicholas, SYNOWIEC Boleslaus, SZUKALSKI John, SZYMAŃSKI Bruno, ŚLEDZIŃSKI Joseph, TUSZYŃSKI Joseph, TYMIŃSKI Anthony, WAWRZYNOWICZ John, WĄSOWICZ Sigismund, WIERZBICKI Sigismund Lawrence, WIERZCHOWSKI Fabian Sebastian, WILLIMSKY Albert, WŁODARCZYK Ignatius, WOHLFEIL Robert, WRÓBLEWSKI Bronislaus, ZAWISZA Valentine, ZIELIŃSKI Paul, ZIEMSKI Alexander, ZIENKOWSKI Vaclav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 21294): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Grudziądz: As part of „Intelligenzaktion” — physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — Germans initially in 1939 jailed Poles is investigative prison in Grudziądz. After it became too small they set‑up a transit camp in a so‑called Borderlands Hostel building at Chopin Str. where they jailed from 4,000 to 5,000 Poles, including c. 150 local priests. Most of them were subsequently murdered in local forests (Księże Góry, Mniszek‑Grupa), some were taken to concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.01.13])

Obory: From 30.10.1939 till 22.02.1940 in a Carmelite fathers’ convent Germans held up to 100 Polish priest from Płock and Chełmno dioceses prior to sending them to concentration camp. Most of them perished there. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], www.obory.com.pl [access: 2012.12.28])

Rypin: Prison for Poles run by Germans in 1939 known as „Torture House”. As a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — Germans jailed there and tortured up to 1,100 victims. They were subsequently murdered either in the prison itself of in mass murder locations in Skrwileńskie and Rusinowskie forests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.obory.com.pl [access: 2012.12.28], mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2012.12.28], zychlin-historia.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11]
bibliograhical:
„Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
zychlin-historia.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11]

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