• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard, source: www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    source: www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl
    own collection
  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard, source: www.myheritage.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    source: www.myheritage.com
    own collection
  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard - Contemporary image, source: nieobecni.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    Contemporary image
    source: nieobecni.com.pl
    own collection

surname

ŁĘGOWSKI

forename(s)

Vladislav Leonard (pl. Władysław Leonard)

  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard - Grave, Zaspa cemetery, Gdańsk, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    Grave, Zaspa cemetery, Gdańsk
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Wielkie Radowiska, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Wielkie Radowiska
    source: www.youtube.com
    own collection
  • ŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŁĘGOWSKI Vladislav Leonard
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor Natural Science

date and place of death

02.01.1941

KL Stutthof
concentration camp, Sztutowo, Sztutowo gm., Nowy Dwór Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv.

alt. dates and places of death

Wrzeszcz-Gdańsk
Gdańsk city pow., Pomerania voiv.

details of death

While studying at gymnasium in Chełmno — during Prussian times (partitions of Poland) — member (1895‑9) of the gymnasium chapter of a clandestine Polish self–education Pomeranian Philomaths organisation. In 1909‑12 as a teacher in Lyceum for Girls in Kościerzyna conducted secret Polish language, history and literature lectures. At the end of I World War in 1918 when got involved in activities opting for Poland’s independence arrested by the German authorities. Beaten up. Held in Gdańsk prison for a few weeks and released. Member of County People’s Council in Wielkie Radowiska (1918‑20). After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War set up a field hospital in his rectory treating Polish soldiers (801th field hospital of 4th Infantry Division of Polish Army). Ministered as a chaplain and nurse. With the hospital moved together with Polish troops south to Kutno. From after start of German occupation returned to his Wielkie Radowiska parish. Immediately afterwards arrested on 24.10.1939 by the Germans. Jailed in Dębowa Łąka camp. Released on 25.11.1939 after intervention of his German parishioners. Evicted from his rectory taken over by German gendarmes. On 05.02.1940 additionally nominated administrator of Lipnica — without a priest because of arrest of Fr Stanislaus Jarzębski — and Zieleń filial churches (in Golub parish). On 09.09.1940 arrested by the Germans again. For three weeks held in Grudziądz prison. From there transported to KL Stutthof concentration camp. There forced to do a slave work. Interrogated numerous times. On 01.01.1941 beaten up unconscious and carried bloodied to the camps’ barrack. There perished in morning next day.

alt. details of death

According to some sources arrested by the Germans on 28.11.1939 already. According to other sources on 01.01.1941 beaten up unconscious in Gdańsk–Wrzeszczgaol. Perished next day — prob. in Gdańsk–Wrzeszcz hospital. According to yet another sources brought to Gdańsk–Wrzeszcz hospital earlier, on 08.12.1940.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

06.11.1877

Zieleń
Wąbrzeźno pow., Kuyavia-Pomerania voiv.

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.03.1903 (Pelplin)

positions held

1912–1940 — parish priest {parish: Wielkie Radowiska}
from 05.02.1940 — kuratus / rector / exhibitor {parish: Golub; church: Lipnica i Zieleń}
chaplain {The Pomeranian Banner, Polish Scouting Association ZHP; in the rank of scoutmaster}
1921/3–1923/7 — director {Toruń, Junior High School for Women}
1909–1912 — professor {Kościerzyna, high school for women}, teacher of biology, physics and chemistry
vicar {parish: Fordon–Bydgoszcz, St Nicholas}
vicar {parish: Toruń, St James the Apostle}
from 1904 — PhD student {Würzburg, philosophy, Julius and Maximilian University}
till 1907 — PhD student {Lipsk, philosophy, University of Leipzig}
till 1904 — vicar {parish: Radoszki}
from 1903 — vicar {parish: Koronowo}
1899–1903 — student {Pelplin, philosophy and theology, Seminary}
1900–1902 — student {Monastyr, philosophy and theology, Wilhelm University of Westphalia (from 1907), Royal University of Theology and Philosophy (1902–1907), Royal Theological and Philosophical Academy (1843–1902); today Münster, North Rhine–Westphalia}
{anthropologist}
1908–1939 — membership {Toruń, scientific society}
1908–1939 — membership {Poznań, Friends of Sciences Society}

others related in death

JARZĘBSKI Stanislaus, BOLT Felix, BORKOWSKI Paul, BRUDNICKI Alexander, BRZEZIŃSKI Paul, CZAPLEWSKI John Bruno, DOMACHOWSKI Joseph, FARULEWSKI Thaddeus, GÓRECKI Marian, GRABOWSKI-WIDŁAK Casimir, GUMPERT Steven, KALINOWSKI Anthony, KARBAUM Ernest, KOMOROWSKI Bronislaus, KREFFT Constantine Francis, KUBICKI Telesphorus, LESIŃSKI Alex, LESIŃSKI John, MALINOWSKI Thaddeus, MAŁKOWSKI Julius, MAŃKOWSKI Alphonse, MATERNICKI Vladislav, MAZELLA John, NIEMIR Joseph, OSSOWSKI Valerian, POŁOMSKI Leo, RODZIŃSKA Stanislava (Sr Mary Julia), ROGACZEWSKI Francis, RÓŻYCKI Mieczyslav, RYGLEWICZ John, SĄDECKI Bernard, SARNOWSKI Joseph, SCHULZ Alphonse Vaclav, SEPEŁOWSKI Vaclav, SMOLEŃSKI Bronislaus, SROKA Leo Florian, SZWEDOWSKI Ignatius Mieczyslav, SZYMAŃSKI John Damasus, SZYMAŃSKI Vladislav, WIECKI Bernard Anthony, WILMOWSKI John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Stutthof (prisoner no: 10103): In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Gdańsk (prison): During II World War German prison where many Kashubian activists and resistance fighters were held. Death sentences — through guillotine beheading — were also carried out there. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Grudziądz: As part of „Intelligenzaktion” — physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — Germans initially in 1939 jailed Poles is investigative prison in Grudziądz. After it became too small they set‑up a transit camp in a so‑called Borderlands Hostel building at Chopin Str. where they jailed from 4,000 to 5,000 Poles, including c. 150 local priests. Most of them were subsequently murdered in local forests (Księże Góry, Mniszek‑Grupa), some were taken to concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.01.13])

Dębowa Łąka: One of temporary prisons set up by the Germans in 1939, as part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — in a palace owned by the Sisters Shepherdesses of Divine Providence, for catholic priests from Wąbrzeźno county. In 1954‑7 one of the concentration and slave labour camps organised by Commie–Nazi authorities in Russian republic prl for religious sisters and nuns during Action X‑2. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

sources

personal:
www.zapiskihistoryczne.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2013.01.13], kpbc.umk.pl [access: 2018.11.18], www.youtube.com [access: 2013.12.04]
original images:
www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2013.01.13], www.myheritage.com [access: 2015.09.30], www.youtube.com [access: 2014.10.31], nieobecni.com.pl [access: 2018.11.18], www.youtube.com [access: 2014.10.31], www.youtube.com [access: 2014.10.31]

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