• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

PRYBA

forename(s)

Leo Simon (pl. Leon Szymon)

  • PRYBA Leo Simon - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń, source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPRYBA Leo Simon
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń
    source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl
    own collection
  • PRYBA Leo Simon - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPRYBA Leo Simon
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Canon Law

date and place of death

16.08.1942

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

details of death

While studying at gymnasium in Starogard Gdański — during struggles aiming at incorporating Pomerania into Poland — leader (1918‑20) of the gymnasium chapter of Polish self–education Pomeranian Philomaths organisation. After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 05.09.1939, right after the capture of Nowe Miasto the Germans — together with his vicar, Fr Alexander Wilamowski, with whom his fate was thereafter inextricably linked, until death in KL Dachau concentration camp. Jailed in Stalag I–B Hohenstein POW camp. At the beginning of 10.1939 brought to Prabuty and on 05.10.1939 released. Arrested again on 15.11.1939 — together with Fr. Alexander Wilamowski. Jailed in Lubawa, Nowe Miasto, Brodnica and Rypin prisons, Obory transit camp (from 03.12.1939), Grudziądz prison (from 22.02.1940), KL Stutthof concentration camp from 23(30).03.1940, ZL Grenzdorf sub‑camp, KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp (from 09‑10.04.1940). Finally on 14.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

18.02.1900

Karsin
Kościerzyna pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.06.1924 (St Barbara Theological Seminary chapel in Pelplin)

positions held

1936–1939 — parish priest {parish: Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, St Thomas the Apostle; dean.: Nowe Miasto Lubawskie}
1934–1936 — prefect {Chojnice, junior high school(s)}, chaplain of the Polish Scouting Association ZHP
1931–1934 — prefect {Nowe Miasto Lubawskie, secondary schools}
1930–1931 — professor {Pelplin, Collegium Marianum}
1926–1930 — professor {Płock, Greek and German languages, St Stanislaus Kostka's Junior High School at the Diocesan Seminary (from 1926), St Stanislaus Kostka's High School at the Diocesan Seminary (from 1916)}
1924–1926 — PhD student {Rome, canon law, Pontifical Gregorian University (Lat. Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana) – Gregorianum}
till 1924 — student {Pelplin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

WILAMOWSKI Alexander

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22588): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

ZL Grenzdorf: German Zivilgefangenenlager (Eng. camp for civilians) in Graniczna Wieś village. Existed in 1939‑41. In 1940 — when in became a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp — c. 100 Polish priests from Pomerania — as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — were kept there and forced to slave at manufacturing of road bricks. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Grudziądz: As part of „Intelligenzaktion” — physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — Germans initially in 1939 jailed Poles is investigative prison in Grudziądz. After it became too small they set‑up a transit camp in a so‑called Borderlands Hostel building at Chopin Str. where they jailed from 4,000 to 5,000 Poles, including c. 150 local priests. Most of them were subsequently murdered in local forests (Księże Góry, Mniszek‑Grupa), some were taken to concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.01.13])

Obory: From 30.10.1939 till 22.02.1940 in a Carmelite fathers’ convent Germans held up to 100 Polish priest from Płock and Chełmno dioceses prior to sending them to concentration camp. Most of them perished there. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], www.obory.com.pl [access: 2012.12.28])

Rypin: Prison for Poles run by Germans in 1939 known as „Torture House”. As a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — Germans jailed there and tortured up to 1,100 victims. They were subsequently murdered either in the prison itself of in mass murder locations in Skrwileńskie and Rusinowskie forests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Stalag I B Hohenstein: Stalag I B Hohenstein — POW camp n. Olsztynek (Germ. Hohenstein). One of the largest POW camps in Eastern Europe — during II World War up to 650,000 POWs were held (60,000 perished). Poles, French, Russians, Italians, Belgians and Serbians were held captive. First were the Poles brought there in the first days of 09.1939. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.sanktuariummbl.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2012.12.28], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], www.zapiskihistoryczne.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13]
original images:
gdansk.ipn.gov.pl [access: 2020.10.02]

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