OUR LADY from CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELPLOGO PORTALU

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Konstancin-Jeziorna municipality
Piaseczno county
Poland

st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914–1989)

introduction

On 7.x.1999, during his pilgrimage to Homeland, few days before the beatification of 108 martyrs of the II World War, st John Paul II (1920, Wadowice – 2005, Vatican) in the homily in Bydgoszcz said:

Martyrdom is [always a huge and radical] trial for a man. The supreme test of humanity, human dignity in the face of God Himself. Well yes!, it’s the greatest trial for man — right in front of God, but also before the jury of the world that loses sight of the God. The man is victorious in this test, supported by His power and becomes an eloquent witness to this power […]

I regard collection of all evidence about those who gave their lives for Christ as a special duty of our generation's Church. Our age, our [XX] century, had its own particular martyrology not yet fully written down. It needs to be explored, needs to be stated, needs to be noted down. In the same way as the Church of the first centuries had recorded their martyrologies, testimonies of the martyrdoms of the first centuries — and they are still the foundation of our strength today […]

It is imperative to meet this obligation now, when the Third Millenium is upon us, our duty to those who gave witness to Christ in our [XX] century. [For] many proved the words of Book of Wisdom true: «God […] has tested them like gold in a furnace, and accepted them as a perfect burnt offering »Wis 3, 6 […]

We must honour them for they were not afraid to take this test, and thus they paved the way for us, into the new Millennium. They are a great inspiration for us, and a calling at the same time. Their lives are a shining proof that the world needs such people, God's madmen, who are prepared to walk on the earth as Christ did, as Adalbert, Stanislaus and Maximillian Maria Kolbe did, and so many others.

Those who are going to have the courage to love, and are going to stop at no sacrifice in the hope that in future it will bear the greatest fruit”…

Humbly stooping over this papal imperative of recording „martyrology not yet fully written down”, wishing to meet this „obligation, duty to those who gave witness to Christ in our [XX] century”, st Sigismund parish in Słomczyn — though being unworthy itself and being able to fulfil it in a tiny degree only — submits, to the memory and judgment of all those who step upon those pages, a „White Book” of martyrology of the clergy of Poland in XX century.

A lexicon (containing short biography, details of death, photographsetc.) of Christian religious, diocesan priests, monks, nuns, etc., that perished in the period symbolically closed by years 1914‑1989 — in our region de–facto defining XX century — includes the following categories of individuals:

  • those who perished on II Polish Republic (1919‑1945) and prl (1945‑1989) territory, irrespectively of nationality and citizenship;
  • Polish nationals and those whose ministry was directly linked to Poland and Polish nation who perished beyond II Polish Republic and prl borders; in particular:
    • during 1918‑1989 in Russian concentration camps;
    • during 1939‑1945 in German concentration camps;
  • II Polish Republic citizens who perished beyond II Polish Republic borders; in particular:
    • during 1918‑1989 in Russian concentration camps;
    • during 1939‑1945 in German concentration camps;
  • Lithuanian and Latvian citizens, mainly from Catholic dioceses of those states, from the territories historically belonging to the union of Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, who perished:
    • during 1918‑1956 in Russian concentration camps;
    • during 1956‑1989 on the Russian–occupied territories of Lithanian and Latvian republics.

The list contains the individuals whose death may be attributed — directly or indirectly — to actions of others. Such a selection excluding those that died from natural causes is however not always possible. In many cases it is difficult, if not impossible, to draw such a line — for instance in cases of priests exiled from their parishes and territories directly incorporated into German III Reich to German–led so–called General Governorate, or in cases of those exiled to Siberia by the Russians. The authors bear the sole responsibility for the selections made…

Only the persons whose surnames were known at the time of list creation have been included. In cases where the death of religious persons is quoted in the sources without giving particulars the individual has been excluded.

On the other hand in many cases only names are known – no other information is available at this stage.

In general the list has been compiled based mainly on sources available in the net, although not exclusively. Relevant sources are quoted where necessary.

The project is an on–going research effort and will be updated if and when new facts are discovered.

The authors bear the sole responsibility for all errors and/or omissions.

The work has been conducted in gratitude to the brave people who in those terrible times carried not only the torch of faith but the light of human dignity and standard of Polish nation very high indeed…

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