• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

BIELEŃ

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • BIELEŃ Anthony - Commemorative plaque, Jesuits church, Cracow, Kopernika str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBIELEŃ Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, Jesuits church, Cracow, Kopernika str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection
  • BIELEŃ Anthony - Commemorative plaque, Finucaine Center, Rockhurst Jesuit University, Kansas City, source: college.holycross.edu, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBIELEŃ Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, Finucaine Center, Rockhurst Jesuit University, Kansas City
    source: college.holycross.edu
    own collection
  • BIELEŃ Anthony - Commemorative plaque, Holy Ghost church, Nowy Sącz, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBIELEŃ Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, Holy Ghost church, Nowy Sącz
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Jesus SImore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

(i.e. Jesuits)

diocese / province

Greater Poland-Mazovian province SI
Polish Province SI (1918—26)
Galicia Province SI (till 1918)

date and place
of death

11.11.1939

Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

alt. dates and places
of death

05.10.1939, 06.10.1939, 10.1939

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested prob. on 05 or 06.10.1939 in Grudziądz by the Germans.

Held in Grudziądz prison (and in Kresy–Borderlands Hostel building).

On 09.11.1939 prob. included in a list of c. 30 Polish „hostages” — together with Fr Bronislav Bojułka, Fr Joseph Gołębiowski and Fr Edmund Nagórski — to be executed in case of „anti–German incidents” during next few days.

Prob. two days later together with Fr Bronislav Bojułka and Fr Joseph Gołębiowski driven out of the prison to the execution site in Priests Hills forts and murdered.

alt. details of death

According to some sources murdered on 05.10.1939.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

10.06.1880

Długietoday: Zarszyn gm., Sanok pov., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

02.07.1911 (Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
)

positions held

till 1939

friar — Grudziądztoday: Grudziądz city pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ residence (by the St Francis Xavier church), Jesuits SI — spiritual father and operarius

chaplain — Albertintoday: part fo Slonim, Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus monastery (known as Eastern Mission), Jesuits SI ⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Blessed Virgin Mary RC chapel ⋄ BS parish ⋄ Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
RC deanery

friar — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ St Peter the Apostle monastery, Jesuits SI — minister

friar — Łódźtoday: Łódź city pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Jesuits SI — minister

from 1930

friar — Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ St Casimir the Prince and Confessor monastery, Jesuits SI — minister

1925 – 1927

friar — Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ St Casimir the Prince and Confessor monastery, Jesuits SI — prefect of schools and teacher of religion, history and geography

friar — Łódźtoday: Łódź city pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Jesuits SI — operarius

friar — Kolomyiatoday: Kolomyia rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ St Ignatius Loyola residence, Jesuits SI — operarius

friar — Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ monastery, Jesuits SI — operarius

friar — Staniątkitoday: Niepołomice gm., Wieliczka pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
⋄ resident, St Adalbert Abbey, Benedictine Nuns OSB — operarius

friar — Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
⋄ St Stanislav Kostka the Confessor monastery, Jesuits SI — operarius

friar — Zakopanetoday: Zakopane urban gm., Tatra pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ monastery, Jesuits SI — operarius

1905 – 1908

friar — Bunkovychin .Khyriv
today: Khyriv urban hrom., Sambir rai., Lviv, Ukraine

more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.09]
⋄ monastery, St Joseph College (Scientific and Educational Institute), Jesuits SI — teacher and prefect

01.02.1898

accession — Stara Wieśtoday: Brzozów gm., Brzozów pov., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Jesuits SI

others related
in death

BOJUŁKAClick to display biography Bronislav Francis, GOŁĘBIEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, KLUNDERClick to display biography John, NAGÓRSKIClick to display biography Edmund, PASTWAClick to display biography Anthony, SOBISZClick to display biography Anthony, WOLSKIClick to display biography Vaclav

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Grudziądz - Fortress: On the grounds of military Fortress Grudziądz — mainly near so‑called Priests Hills, but also in fortress’ Citadel — on the outskirts of Grudziądz from 10.1939 till 12.1939, as part of so‑called «Intelligenzaktion», Germans murdered in mass executions few hundred Poles from Grudziądz and vicinity, mainly intelligentsia. The biggest atrocities, perpetrated by special Einsatzkommando 16 unit operating in Grudziądz vicinity from 26.09.1939 and local Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz units (Eng. Self‑Defense groups), started after 19.10.1939 when Grudziądz was visited by Albert Forster, the Gauleiter of Danzig–West Prussia German Reichsgau, who stated that „Danzig–West Prussia province in short time is to become 100% German and Poles have nothing to do there and should be expelled”, adding: „there is still no Polish blood on the streets of this city”. In Priests Hills executions were carried out early in the mornings and in the evenings, and the victims where brought in groups, in two cars, each with approximately thirty people. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
)

IL Graudenz: As part of «Intelligenzaktion» — physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — Germans initially in 09.1939 held Poles captive in investigative prison in Grudziądz. After it became too small the genocidal German paramilitary organization Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz organized the Germ. Internierungslager (Eng. internment camp) in the building of the so‑called Borderlands Hostel building at Chopin Str. (on 31.03.1937, before German invasion, it housed 97 boys). In this building Germans held captive 4,000 to 5,000 Poles, including c. 150 local priests and c. 100 teachers and students of the local teachers' seminary. Most of them were subsequently murdered in local forests (Księże Góry, Mniszek‑Grupa), some were taken to concentration camps and 200 boys — residents of the Borderlands Hostel — were after some time deported as slave laborers to Germany. Everything was obviously done in accordance with „German law” — there was an ad hoc Volksdeutscher Selbstschutz kangaroo court in the camp, which „issued sentences” deciding on the fate of imprisoned Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.13]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Collective responsibility („Hostages”): A criminal practice implemented by the Germans in the occupied territories of Poland, applied from the very first day of World War II. At its core was an appointment and public announcement of a list of names of selected people whose lives depended on absolute compliance with German orders. Any violation of these ordinances, by any person, regardless of the circumstances, resulted in the murder of the designated „hostages”. In the first days of the war and occupation, it was used i.a. by the German Wehrmacht army to prevent acts of continuation of the defense by the Poles. Later, especially in the German–run General Governorate, it was part of the official policy of the occupation authorities — collective responsibility for any acts of resistance to the occupier's practices. For the life of one German, even if death was due to customary reasons, the Germans carried out executions from a dozen to even a hundred Poles previously designated as „hostages”.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.bj.uj.edu.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

bibliographical:
Jesuits on Polish and Lithuanian territory knowledge encyclopedia, 1564‑1995”, Fr Louis Grzebień SI (editor), WAM Printing House, Cracow 1996
original images:
www.sowiniec.com.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, college.holycross.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]

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MARTYROLOGY: BIELEŃ Anthony

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