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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • OKOŁO-KUŁAK Anthony, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOKOŁO-KUŁAK Anthony
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • OKOŁO-KUŁAK Anthony - 1918-25, source: www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOKOŁO-KUŁAK Anthony
    1918-25
    source: www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl
    own collection

surname

OKOŁO-KUŁAK

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Minsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Canon Law

honorary titles

pontifical prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]
„Polonia Restituta”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]
minor canon (Mogilev cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]
prelate of the chapter (Mogilev cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

31.03.1883

Budahoshch (Mogilev oblast, Belarus)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

27.05.1906

positions held

minister to the Russian Catholic intelligentsia in Poland, f. editor of „Kitež” magazine (1927‑32), f. cofounder and member of leadership of Mission Institute in Lublin (1924‑32), f. deputy chairman of Mission Society (from 1921), f. official at Bishop’s Court of Mogilev archdiocese (1921‑31), f. secretary to Mogilev bishop, Abp Edward Ropp, residing in Warsaw (from 1921), f. member of the board of Central Welfare Council RGO in Lesser Poland and Vilnius regions (from 1918), f. vicar general of Mogilev archdiocese (from 1918), f. dean of Smoleńsk deanery (1916‑8), f. parish priest of Smoleńsk parish (1916‑8), f. parish priest of St Boniface parish in Sankt Petersburg (1915‑6), f. Canon Law PhD student at St Thomas Aquinas Pontifical University Angelicum in Rome (1912‑5), f. editor of „Under the Cross Sign” weekly (from 1910), f. founder of „Belief and Life” monthly — in Polish, Latvian and Russian (1908), f. parish priest of St Casimir parish behind Newska turnpike in Sankt Petersburg (1908‑11), f. vicar of St Stanislaus in Sankt Petersburg, Pskov parishes, f. prefect in Smoleńsk, f. vicar of Zahata parish in Latvia, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Academy in Sankt Petersburg (1904‑6), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg (till 1904)

date and place of death

02.07.1940

KL Sachsenhausen

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

details of death

For „Catholics and Old–Believers” article published in „Belief and Live” monthy deprived in 1911 of his parish in Sankt Petersburg and sentenced by the Russians to 6 months arrest in Aglona (in a Dominican monastery) in Latvia. During I World War worked with Polish refugees in Russia (1915‑8). In 1918 in danger of imminent arrest and execution by the Russians — for collaboration with Polish military organizations — left Russia and went to reborn Poland. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans for the first time on 03.10.1939 and held as a hostage, prob. as prevention before triumphal arrival of German socialist leader, Adolf Hitler, in captured Warsaw, together with c. 250 Catholic priests and clerics in Pawiak prison. Released on c. 11‑15.10.1939. Arrested again by the Germans on 30.03.1940. Jailed in Pawiak prison in Warsaw. On 02.05.1940 transported to kl Sachsenhausen concentration camp where perished.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

ADAMCZYK Stanislaus, BRZĄKAŁA Victor, BURCZYK Felix, BYTOF Peter, CHARSZEWSKI Ignatius, CHYLARECKI Stanislaus, CIEMNIAK Louis, CYBULSKI Stanislaus, CZAKI Saturnin, CZAPIEWSKI Joseph Leonard, DEMSKI Vladislav, DOERING Alexander, FIGAT Henry, GOŃCZ Bernard, GORAL Vladislav, GRZEBIELEWSKI Joseph, GUZ Joseph Adalbert (Fr Innocent), HEVELKE John, HINZ Francis, HINZ Thaddeus, JARZĘBSKI Stanislaus, JORDAN Boleslaus, KALINOWSKI Theodore, KARAMUCKI Edmund Vladislav, KARCZYŃSKI Cyril Methodius, KAŹMIERCZAK Bronislaus, KLEIN John, KOMPF January, KONKOLEWSKI Joachim, KOWNACKI Bronislaus, KOZUBEK Roman, KRAUZE Edmund, KRUPIŃSKI Louis, KUBIAK John (Bro. Norbert Mary), KUBICKI Steven, KUBISTA Stanislaus, KUPILAS Francis, LAPIS Casimir, LENART John, LICZNERSKI Constantine, ŁOSIŃSKI Bernard Anthony, MACIĄTEK Stanislaus Peter, MARCHLEWSKI Leonard, MATUSZEWSKI Francis, MĄKOWSKI John, MĘŻNICKI Joseph, MICHNOWSKI Marian John, MITRĘGA Francis, MORKOWSKI Edmund, MOŚCICKI Joseph, NAGÓRSKI Paul Adalbert, NITSCHMANN Adam Robert, NOWAŃSKI Anthony, NOWICKI Alexander, OCHOŃSKI Charles (Fr Chris), PALUCHOWSKI Boleslaus, PETRYKOWSKI Steven, PIASZCZYŃSKI Michael, PODLASZEWSKI Francis, POMIANOWSKI Vladislav, RADTKE Steven Boleslaus, SĄSAŁA Theodore, SKOBLEWSKI Mieczyslav, SKOWRON Casimir, SOCHACZEWSKI Bronislaus Peter, SWINARSKI-PORAJ Nicholas, SYNOWIEC Boleslaus, SZUKALSKI John, SZYMAŃSKI Bruno, ŚLEDZIŃSKI Joseph, TUSZYŃSKI Joseph, TYMIŃSKI Anthony, WAWRZYNOWICZ John, WĄSOWICZ Sigismund, WIERZBICKI Sigismund Lawrence, WIERZCHOWSKI Fabian Sebastian, WILLIMSKY Albert, WŁODARCZYK Ignatius, WOHLFEIL Robert, WRÓBLEWSKI Bronislaus, ZAWISZA Valentine, ZIELIŃSKI Paul, ZIEMSKI Alexander, ZIENKOWSKI Vaclav, ŻUCHOWSKI Vaclav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 24349): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former olympic village from 1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.kul.lublin.pl [access: 2013.05.19], polacywberlinie.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], www.katolicy.eu [access: 2013.05.19]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30]

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