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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

SKOBLEWSKI

forename(s)

Mieczyslav (pl. Mieczysław)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Holy Family Missionaries (Missionaries of the Holy Family - MSF)
more on: fr.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

MSF Polish Province

date and place of birth

03.04.1908

Szymborze-Inowrocław
Inowrocław pow., Kuyavia-Pomerania voiv., Poland

religious vows

15.08.1933 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

03.07.1938 (Bąblin)

positions held

minister at St Nicholas parish in Inowrocław (1939), friar of one of Congregation’s houses, f. theology student at Theology Studium in Bąblin (till 1938)

date and place of death

23.04.1940

KL Sachsenhausen
concentration camp, Sachsenhausen-Oranienburg, Oberhavel dist., Brandenburg, Germany

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after seizure of all Congregation’s houses by the Germans and dispersion of friars prob. returned home to Inowrocław where ministered at St Nicholas parish. Arrested on 02.11.1939 by the Germans. Jailed in Świecie prison and on 08.09.1939 taken to Górna Grupa transit camp. Next on 05.02.1940 transported to Neufahrwasser transit camp and from there on 28.02.1940 taken to KL Stutthof concentration camp. Finally on 10.04.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp where he was butchered with a stick by German camp’s kapo, Bertold.

alt. dates and places of death

16.04.1940

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

ADAMCZYK Stanislaus, BRZĄKAŁA Victor, BURCZYK Felix, BYTOF Peter, CHARSZEWSKI Ignatius, CHYLARECKI Stanislaus, CIEMNIAK Louis, CYBULSKI Stanislaus, CZAKI Saturnin, CZAPIEWSKI Joseph Leonard, DEMSKI Vladislav, DOERING Alexander, FIGAT Henry, GOŃCZ Bernard, GORAL Vladislav, GRZEBIELEWSKI Joseph, GUZ Joseph Adalbert (Fr Innocent), HEVELKE John, HINZ Francis, HINZ Thaddeus, JARZĘBSKI Stanislaus, JORDAN Boleslaus, KALINOWSKI Theodore, KARAMUCKI Edmund Vladislav, KARCZYŃSKI Cyril Methodius, KAŹMIERCZAK Bronislaus, KLEIN John, KOMPF January, KONKOLEWSKI Joachim, KOWNACKI Bronislaus, KOZUBEK Roman, KRAUZE Edmund, KRUPIŃSKI Louis, KUBIAK John (Bro. Norbert Mary), KUBICKI Steven, KUBISTA Stanislaus, KUPILAS Francis, LAPIS Casimir, LENART John, LICZNERSKI Constantine, ŁOSIŃSKI Bernard Anthony, MACIĄTEK Stanislaus Peter, MARCHLEWSKI Leonard, MATUSZEWSKI Francis, MĄKOWSKI John, MĘŻNICKI Joseph, MICHNOWSKI Marian John, MITRĘGA Francis, MORKOWSKI Edmund, MOŚCICKI Joseph, NAGÓRSKI Paul Adalbert, NITSCHMANN Adam Robert, NOWAŃSKI Anthony, NOWICKI Alexander, OCHOŃSKI Charles (Fr Chris), OKOŁO-KUŁAK Anthony, PALUCHOWSKI Boleslaus, PETRYKOWSKI Steven, PIASZCZYŃSKI Michael, PODLASZEWSKI Francis, POMIANOWSKI Vladislav, RADTKE Steven Boleslaus, SĄSAŁA Theodore, SKOWRON Casimir, SOCHACZEWSKI Bronislaus Peter, SWINARSKI-PORAJ Nicholas, SYNOWIEC Boleslaus, SZUKALSKI John, SZYMAŃSKI Bruno, ŚLEDZIŃSKI Joseph, TUSZYŃSKI Joseph, TYMIŃSKI Anthony, WAWRZYNOWICZ John, WĄSOWICZ Sigismund, WIERZBICKI Sigismund Lawrence, WIERZCHOWSKI Fabian Sebastian, WILLIMSKY Albert, WŁODARCZYK Ignatius, WOHLFEIL Robert, WRÓBLEWSKI Bronislaus, ZAWISZA Valentine, ZIELIŃSKI Paul, ZIEMSKI Alexander, ZIENKOWSKI Vaclav, ŻUCHOWSKI Vaclav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 21123): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27])

Świecie: Detention centre run by Germans. Most of the prisoners in 1939 Germans took to Mniszek‑Grupa and executed. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23])

Inowrocław: Internment camp (Germ. Interniertenlager Thalerhof) for Rusyns and Lemkovs for Galicia and Bukovina, accused of „ Moscow sympathies”, set up by Austro–Hungarian Empire in war with Russian Empire, built n. Graz in Austria (on the lands Graz airport today is located on), and operational during I World War, from 04.09.1914 to c. 10.05.1917. Altogether 14,000 – 20,000, including more than 350 priest of Greek Catholic Church — prisoner were held captive. Prisoners were subjected to very harsh, inhumane conditions. During first year there were no barracks and internees had to sleep on the ground. Typhus and cholera outbreaks were noted. Austrians recorded 1.757 death cases. Other sources claim 3,000. Executions were also carried out there. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.pl [access: 2013.05.19])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.pl [access: 2013.05.19], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.msf.opoka.org.pl [access: 2012.12.28], polacywberlinie.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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