Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Anthony (pl. Antoni)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]
date and place of birth
presbyter (holy orders)/
administrator of Kupil in Starokostiantyniv deanery (1920‑c. 1925), Bazaliya in Starokostiantyniv deanery parishes, f. administrator of Zavaliyky parish in Proskuriv deanery (1910‑9), f. vicar of Polonne parish (1907‑10), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1906)
date and place of death
(Gulag, labour camps system, Russia)
cause of death
details of death
Arrested on 09.11.1929 by the Russians. Held in Wołoczyska, Proskuriv, Kharkiv and Kiev prisons. In the last of the at a trial of 10‑12.05.1930 — of c. 30 Catholic priests, mainly Polish, ministering then in Ukraine — sentenced to 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps — Gulag. On 27.05.1930 transported to Yaroslav on Volga river prison where was held with a group of c. 30 Polish priests from Ukraine. From there — despite heart and nervous conditions, rheumatism and anemia — transported to a slave labour camp n. Arkhangelsk. In 11.1933 transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp where was held with his older brother, Fr Adalbert Kobeć, among others. According to some sources released from Solovetsky Island camp and forced to settle in Armavir (Krasnodar Krai). Worked there as a guard in factory. There on 05.07.1941, during II World War, a fortnight or so after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, arrested by the Russians. On 21.02.1942 sentenced to 8 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps — Gulag. Fate thereafter unknown.
alt. dates and places of death
(SLON labour camp, Solovetsky Islands, Russia)
alt. details of death
According to some sources perished at Solovetsky Islands concentration camp, prob. during 1939 genocidal murders.
others related in death
BIENIECKI Joseph, BORECKI Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislaus, KOWALSKI Joseph, KRUMMEL Joseph, KUROWSKI Anthony, MADERA Peter, MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, MATUSZEWICZ Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, PIETKIEWICZ Adolph, PROKOPOWICZ Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKI Victor, STRUSIEWICZ Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKI Vaclav, TUROWSKI Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKI Joseph, KOBEĆ Adalbert
camps (+ prisoner no)
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Arkhangelsk: Russian forced labour camp for prisoners and POWs. At the same time center of many Russian concentration camp, part of Gulag archipelago of camps, e.g. JagrinLag, KargopolLag, KotlasLag, OnetLag, SewKuzBassLag. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.
Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
Kharkiv: On 05.04‑12.05.1940 Russians executed in Charków approx. 3,800 Polish prisoners of war (POW) kept in Starobielsk concentration camp. This was a fulfillment of Russian Commie–Nazi government decision — Political Bureau of the Russian Commie–Nazi party of 05.03.1940 — to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and POWs held in prisoners of war camps (Polish holocaust) after German–Russian alliance, Russian invasion of Poland and start of II World War in 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.05.09], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2019.02.02]
„Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20]
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