Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Vaclav (pl. Wacław)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.23]
date and place of birth
Tomashpil (Vinnytsia oblast, Ukraine)
presbyter (holy orders)/
parish priest Krasno and Tywróc n. Vinnytsia, f. administrator of Smotrych, Zhvanchik (1918), Solobkovtsy in Ushitsi deanery, Kutkowtsy in Kamianets–Podilskyi deanery (1907), Zhwanets in Kamianets–Podilskyi deanery (1905‑7) parishes, f. vicar of Pulyny parish (1904‑5), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1902)
date and place of death
(SvirLag labour camp, Lodeynoye Polye district, Russia)
cause of death
details of death
Arrested by the Germans in 1922. Tortured. On 02.09.1922 for „hoarding church treasures” sentenced in Kamianets–Podilskyi to death, commuted to 2 years in prison due to intervention of the Polish consulate in Kharkiv. In 09.1923 released but forbidden to leave Russia. In 1925‑30 arrested few times, but each time released. On 25.01.1930 in Krasne arrested yet again. Transported to Kiev prison. On 10‑12.05.1930 at a trial of Polish priests in Ukraine sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU Council kangaroo court to 8 years of slave labour. On 26.05.1930 transported to Yaroslav prison. In 04.1933 moved to SLON Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. In 1937 moved to a prison cell. On 25.11.1937 in a bandit trial of Catholic priests sentenced to death by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”). Transported out of Solovetsky Islands and prob. brought to SvirLag concentration camp where was executed in a mass murder — possibly n. Alexander Swirsky monastery where Russians exterminated hundreds of Orthodox priests.
alt. dates and places of death
alt. details of death
According to some sources murdered in Sankt Petersburg prison or at Levashovskoye Wilderness, where his body was dumped into a mass grave.
others related in death
BIENIECKI Joseph, BORECKI Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislaus, KOBEĆ Anthony, KOWALSKI Joseph, KRUMMEL Joseph, KUROWSKI Anthony, MADERA Peter, MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, MATUSZEWICZ Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, PIETKIEWICZ Adolph, PROKOPOWICZ Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKI Victor, STRUSIEWICZ Nicholas, TUROWSKI Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKI Joseph, HAŃSKI Stanislaus, OPOLSKI Ignatius, SZYSZKO-BOHUSZ Richard, WORSŁAW John
camps (+ prisoner no)
SvirLag: Russian slave labour concentration camp n. Lodeynoye Polye c. 244 km to the north of Sankt Petersburg — part of genocidal Gulag system. Established on 17.11.1931 In former Alexander Svirsky monastery, mainly for political and religious prisoners. In 11.1935 36,500 where held there. The inmates slaved at forest clearance, and some in mines extracting mica, stone and clay. Thousands perished: murdered and exterminated. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])
Levashov Wilderness: Russian execution site – c. 20 km from Sankt Petersburg. C. 47,000 victims were murdered there in 1937‑54, including more than 5,000 Poles. In 1937‑8 Russians murdered more than 100,000 Poles altogether („Polish holocaust”). (more on: www.zplspb.ru [access: 2014.11.14])
09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
Sankt Petersburg (Kresty): Russian prison in Sankt Petersburg where many Polish priests were kept captive. Many of them were also murdered there. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.
Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
Trial of 02.09.1922: Trial of 5 Catholic priests in Kamieniec Podolski, accused of objecting to church property being confiscated and of treason. All were sentence to death by the Russians. The sentences were subsequently commuted to prison terms and after Polish representatives intervention and payment of extortion tribute by their parishioners all were let off. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
christking.info [access: 2018.09.02], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], www.pan-ol.lublin.pl [access: 2014.12.20], gulagmuseum.org [access: 2016.03.14], pkk.memo.ru [access: 2016.03.14]
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20], www.gazetapetersburska.org [access: 2014.05.09], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
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