• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KRUMMEL Joseph, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRUMMEL Joseph
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

KRUMMEL

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • KRUMMEL Joseph - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRUMMEL Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]

date and place of death

25.09.1937

Yoshkar-Ola
rep. Mari El, Russia

details of death

For the first time arrested by the Russians in Starokostiantyniv on 19.12.1929. Jailed in Shepetivka, Kiev and Kharkiv prisons. In a trial of Catholic priests in Ukraine on 27‑30.06.1930 sentenced to 5 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps. Sent to Yaroslav on Volga river prison. In 05.1933 transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. In 12.1933 taken to Asia Central. Lived in Alma Ata (Kazakhstan) and from 04.1934 in Chelgir (Aktiubinsk reg.), among others. On 28.01.1935 released. Returned to Janiv (n. Vinnitsa) and next to Smila (n. Kiev). There in 08.1935 arrested again. In 1936 sentenced to 3 years of exile. On 15.04.1936 transported to Zhukivka (Komi rep.) village, next in c. 12.1936 moved to Berezovka n. Yoshkar‑Ola (Mari rep.). There on 13.07.1937 yet again arrested. Held in Yoshkar‑Ola prison. On 13.09.1937 sentenced to death by the NKVD Special Council — Russian genocidal kangaroo court — and murdered in prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1872

Berdychiv
Berdychiv rai., Żytomierz obl., Ukraine

alt. dates and places of birth

1873

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1899

positions held

1925–1929 — dean {dean.: Starokostiantyniv}
1925–1929 — parish priest {parish: Starokostiantyniv; dean.: Starokostiantyniv}
1925–1929 — parish priest {parish: Butowce; dean.: Starokostiantyniv}
from 1922 — dean {dean.: Zasław}
from 1922 — administrator {parish: Białogródka; dean.: Zasław}
1917–1922 — administrator {parish: Łabuń; dean.: Zasław}
1913–1916 — administrator {parish: Kutkowce; dean.: Kamianets–Podilskyi}
1906–1914 — administrator {parish: Jonava; dean.: Vinnytsia}
1904–1906 — administrator {parish: Korytnica; dean.: Volodymyr–Volynskyi}
c. 1902–1904 — administrator {parish: Młynów; dean.: Dubno}
till 1899 — student {Zhytomyr, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIENIECKI Joseph, BORECKI Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislaus, KOBEĆ Anthony, KOWALSKI Joseph, KUROWSKI Anthony, MADERA Peter, MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, MATUSZEWICZ Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, PIETKIEWICZ Adolph, PROKOPOWICZ Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKI Victor, STRUSIEWICZ Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKI Vaclav, TUROWSKI Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKI Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

sources

personal:
przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.com [access: 2014.12.20], christking.info [access: 2018.09.02]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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