• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARKUSZEWSKI Albin
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

MARKUSZEWSKI

forename(s)

Albin

  • MARKUSZEWSKI Albin - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARKUSZEWSKI Albin
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]

honorary titles

Papal chamberlain
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22]

date and place of death

05.02.1938

Yeniseysk
Kraj Krasnodarski, Russia

details of death

During civil war in Russia after Bolshevik revolution in 1917 save Jews from pogroms numerous times. Despite advice given by Polish troops retreating from Kiev during Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20 did not leave his parishioners and stayed behind. On 27.01.1930 arrested in Uszomierz during arrests of Polish priests in Ukraine. Jailed in Kiev prison. Accused of „distribution of [religious literature] among Polish population. Additionally as Ushomyr parish priest conducted systematic counter–revolutionary activities among this population, spreading chauvinistic and nationalistic propaganda founded on idea of love for Poland”. On 22.03.1930 sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU College kangaroo court to 3 years of slave labour. On 24.04.1930(1) sent to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. In 06.1930 deported to Anzer island concentration camp. In 1932 accused of ministering to the prisoners, i.e. „creation of formal anti‑Soviet society”, and on 05.07.1932 had the sentence extended to 10 years of slave labour. Since however from 15.02.1932 was held in a psychiatric hospital in 1933 was released. Returned to Ukraine and served in many parishes. In 01.1936 arrested again in Smoleńsk. On 11.02.1936 sentenced by the genocidal NKVD College („Troika NKVD”) Russian kangaroo court to exile in Siberia. Transported to a Kazachinskoye village in Krasnoyarsk krai. On 22.09.1937 arrested again. Jailed in Yeniseysk prison. Accused of „conducting nationalistic propaganda among the deportees”. On 10.01.1938 tried by the genocidal NKVD College („Troika NKVD”) Russian kangaroo court and sentenced to death. Murdered by Russians in Yeniseysk prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

01.03.1877

Zhuravlintsi
Płóskirów/Chmielnicki obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

05.1903

positions held

1935–1936 — administrator {parish: Smolarzyny}
vicar {parish: Chersoń}
c. 1934 — administrator {parish: Malinie, St Anne}, ministering at the same time in the parish of Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Fastiv
c. 1933 — priest {parish: Zhytomyr}
till 1930 — administrator {parish: Uszomierz, St Nicholas; dean.: Ovruch}, ministering at the same time in the parishes of St Anna in Malina, Chabno
1918–1925 — membership {College of Consultors, Diocesan Curia; dioc.: Zhytomyr}
1918–1925 — dean {dean.: Berdychiv}
1918–1925 — administrator {parish: Ilińce, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Berdychiv}, at the same time ministering in the parishes of Krymok, Oratów and Lipowiec
1914–1917 — dean {dean.: Radomyśl}
1914–1917 — administrator {parish: Radomyśl}, also the prefect of the local junior high school for men
1905–1914 — administrator {parish: Wyszewicze}
1903–1905 — vicar {parish: Dubno, St John of Nepomuk; Volhynia}
till 1903 — student {Zhytomyr, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BIENIECKI Joseph, BORECKI Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislaus, KOBEĆ Anthony, KOWALSKI Joseph, KRUMMEL Joseph, KUROWSKI Anthony, MADERA Peter, MATUSZEWICZ Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, PIETKIEWICZ Adolph, PROKOPOWICZ Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKI Victor, STRUSIEWICZ Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKI Vaclav, TUROWSKI Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKI Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Trial of 05.07.1932: Russian trial of Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands and Anzer Island, accused of „creation of an anti–Russian group that conducted anti–Russian agitation, clandestinely celebrated Mass and religious rites and maintained an illegal contact with a free worker for purposes of transmitting abroad information of an espionage character about the situation of Catholics in the Russia”. The prisoners were given prolonged sentences in concentration camp and spread them among the various Gułag camps.

AnzerLag: Russian concentration camp on the Anzer Island on White Sea. On the Island, 47 km2, belonging to Solovetsky Islands archipelago, Russians organised one of the first concentration camps in Russia (part of Solovetsky Islands concentratoin camp). In 1930ties c. 32 Catholic priests were held there most of who perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

sources

personal:
katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2014.12.20], fr.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20], krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com [access: 2019.04.16], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2019.04.16], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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