Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Victor (pl. Wiktor)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]
date and place of birth
Myklashi (Proskuriv oblast, Ukraine)
presbyter (holy orders)/
dean of Yampil deanery, parish priest of Molchany, Murafa in Yampil deanery parishes, f. parish priest of Zaslaw (1901‑8), Litowizh in Vlodymir–Volynskij deanery (from 1894) parishes, f. vicar of cathedral parish in Lutzk (from 1892), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1891)
date and place of death
Syktyvkar (Komi rep., Ukraine)
cause of death
details of death
Arrested by the Russians on 03/14.02.1930 in Murafa factory. On 10.05.1930 sentenced by a criminal Russian OGPU Council kangaroo court to 5 years of slave labour. On 26.05.1930 jailed in Yaroslav prison. Listed to be exchanged in a prisoner exchange with Poland but refused hoping to return to his parishioners. In 10.1939 transferred to SLON Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. On 23.12.1934 transferred to KemLag concentration camp. For a time held in a prison in Sankt Petersburg but then on 16.04.1935 released. Deported to Arkhangelsk. Lived there with Fr Nicholas Strusiewicz, among others. In 08.1935 deported with him for 3 years to Tentiukovo and next to Syktyvkar (Komi rep.). Arrested again in 07.1937 and jailed in Syktyvkar prison. Accused of „espionage, anti–Russian agitation and propaganda”. On 10.01.1938 sentenced to death — with Fr Strusiewicz — by a genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”). Murdered with him by Russians in prison.
others related in death
BIENIECKI Joseph, BORECKI Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KASPRZYKOWSKI Stanislaus, KOBEĆ Anthony, KOWALSKI Joseph, KRUMMEL Joseph, KUROWSKI Anthony, MADERA Peter, MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, MATUSZEWICZ Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, PIETKIEWICZ Adolph, PROKOPOWICZ Theodore, STRUSIEWICZ Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKI Vaclav, TUROWSKI Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKI Joseph
camps (+ prisoner no)
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
Syktyvkar: Russian investigative and penal prison, in Komi republic, functioning also as a prison for a number of slave labour concentration camps that were established as part of Gułag system.
Arkhangelsk: Russian forced labour camp for prisoners and POWs. At the same time center of many Russian concentration camp, part of Gulag archipelago of camps, e.g. JagrinLag, KargopolLag, KotlasLag, OnetLag, SewKuzBassLag. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.
Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2014.12.20], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.com [access: 2014.12.20]
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
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