Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Stanislaus (pl. Stanisław)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
date and place of birth
Shumbar (Shumsk reg., Ukraine)
presbyter (holy orders)/
parish priest of Czerniowce parish in Yampol deanery (1917‑30), f. administrator of Śnitków, Yampil (from 1913) parishes, f. vicar of cathedral parish in Lutsk (c. 1910‑3), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1909)
date and place of death
Roslavl (Smolensk oblast, Russia)
cause of death
details of death
Arrested by the Russians on 28.01.1930. Jailed in Kiev prison. During the 10‑12.05.1930 trial sentenced by the Russians to 10 years of slave labour. On 26.05.1930 jailed in Yaroslav on Volga prison where was held in a group of c. 30 Polish priests from Ukraine. On 27.09.1933 deported Solovetsky Islands concentration camp where he slaved in forest clearances. Released in 09.1936 forbidden to return to his diocese. Settled in Mtsensk and later in Karachayevo. Next moved (or was transferred) to Roslavl in the–then Western Oblast. There on 07.08.1937 arrested yet again by the Russians and on 05.10.1937 sentenced to death by the Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo court. Murdered few days later, prob. in local prison.
alt. dates and places of death
others related in death
BIENIECKI Joseph, BORECKI Stanislaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KOBEĆ Anthony, KOWALSKI Joseph, KRUMMEL Joseph, KUROWSKI Anthony, MADERA Peter, MARKUSZEWSKI Albin, MATUSZEWICZ Anthony, MIODUSZEWSKI Joseph, PIETKIEWICZ Adolph, PROKOPOWICZ Theodore, STRONCZYŃSKI Victor, STRUSIEWICZ Nicholas, SZYMAŃSKI Vaclav, TUROWSKI Maximilian, ŻMIGRODZKI Joseph
camps (+ prisoner no)
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Trial of 10—12.05.1930: Group trial of c. 30 Polish Catholic priests, one of a series of trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika OGPU”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in Kiev. Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. At least 18 did not return perishing in Russian concentration camps, places of mass executions or being deported to the east.
Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], www.kresy.pl [access: 2014.12.20], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2019.02.02], www.ofiaryterroru.pl [access: 2019.02.02], www.pan-ol.lublin.pl [access: 2014.12.20]
Julitte Naumann, private correspondence
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20]
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