Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Adalbert (pl. Wojciech)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.23]
date and place of birth
presbyter (holy orders)/
parish priest of Felshtin parish in Proskuriv deanery (from 1922), f. administrator of Mohyliv–Podilskyi parish (1914‑22), f. vicar of Berdychiv parish (1907‑10) — catechist in secondary schools: merchants and public, f. administrator (1902‑7) and vicar (1898‑1902) of Luchinyets parish in Mohyliv–Podilskyi deanery, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1898)
date and place of death
(SLON labour camp, Solovetsky Islands, Russia)
cause of death
details of death
In 1907, in Tsarist Russia, forbidden to minister in Luchinyets parish by the Russians — for „calling the Orthodox to convert to Catholicism”. In 1910 tried by the Russians in Mohyliv–Podilskyi for „criticising marriages between Orthodox and Catholics”. Arrested for the first time by the Russians in 1921 in Mohyliv–Podilskyi — right after end of the Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20 that left his parish in Russian hands, beyond Polish borders. The reason given was a Polish standard found in the church. In 1926 arrested again by the Russians, in Felshtin (now: Hvardiskye) but soon released. Attempted to collaborate with the Russians. On 03.09.1929 in Oleshkovtse c. 10 km from Felshtin arrested yet again — ostentatiously for refusing to stop confessing — together with 18 parishioners, including a few members of Living Rosary. Accused of maintaining contacts with „Polish bourgeoisie”, collaboration with clandestine Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8), organising smuggling channels through the border with Poland. Held in Proskuriv prison. There on 10.01.1930 sentenced to 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag. Initially prob. sent to Yaroslav on Volga prison and next to a camp n. Arkhangelsk. Finally transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp where was held with his younger brother, Fr Anthony Kobeć, among others. There prob. at the beginning of 1930. perished (or. during genocidal murders of 1937).
alt. dates and places of death
1937, 1931-5 (c.)
Yaroslav on Volga
alt. details of death
According to some sources — mainly Ukrainian archives of murderous Russian SBU organization — perished at the beginning of 1930s in Yaroslav on Volga prison.
others related in death
camps (+ prisoner no)
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Arkhangelsk: Russian forced labour camp for prisoners and POWs. At the same time center of many Russian concentration camp, part of Gulag archipelago of camps, e.g. JagrinLag, KargopolLag, KotlasLag, OnetLag, SewKuzBassLag. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
archive.today [access: 2014.12.20], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], slowopolskie.org [access: 2018.09.02], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2019.02.02]
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
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