• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • SIWEK Victor, source: bsip.miastorybnik.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIWEK Victor
    source: bsip.miastorybnik.pl
    own collection

surname

SIWEK

forename(s)

Victor (pl. Wiktor)

  • SIWEK Victor - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIWEK Victor
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

Cross on the Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit
Gold „Cross of Merit”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]
Ten Years of Independence Medal
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13]
„Medal of Independence”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02]
War Order of Virtuti Militari
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13]

date and place of death

29.12.1941

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bawaria, Germany

details of death

During I World War drafted into German army. In 1915‑8 ministered as chaplain in military hospital of II Prussian Army and Polish POWs in Szczecin. After return to Silesia and after fall of 1st Silesian uprising in 1919 in protest against further German expansion in Silesia hung the Polish flag on the shaft of St Adalbert mine. From 06.1920, after Poland regained independence in 11.1918, during preparations for a plebiscite that was to decide national destiny of Upper Silesia and Opole region, supported Polish cause and actively participated in Polish propaganda efforts. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, left Janów. Arrested by the Germans in Będzin and interrogated. After release returned to Janów and Szopienice. Started to organise Polish clandestine independence movement in Szopienice (part of Polish Clandestine State). Arrested by the Germans again on 07.10.1941. Jailed in Katowice and Mysłowice prisons. From there on 13.12.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where soon perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

05.11.1884

Janów-Katowice
Katowice city pow., śląskie voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of birth

05.10.1884

Szopienice-Katowice
Katowice city pow., śląskie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

05.07.1915 (Prague)

positions held

1923–1941 — priest {parish: Janów–Szopienice}
1926–1935 — director {Roździeń–Szopienice, Municipal Polish Municipal Junior High School}
1923–1926 — prefect {Roździeń–Szopienice, Municipal Polish Municipal Junior High School}, founder
activist {religious–national organizations}
1923 — vicar {parish: Wodzisław}
1922 — vicar {parish: Chorzów}
1921–1922 — prefect {w Janowie, elementary school}
1920 — vicar {parish: Mariańskie Łaźnie}
1919 — vicar {parish: Jonava}
1919 — vicar {parish: Karlove Vary}
1915 — vicar {parish: Jonava}
student {Maria Enzersdorf/Mödling, philosophy and theology, St Gabriel's Divine Word Missionaries Higher Seminary; n. Vienna}

others related in death

BARABASZ John Nepomucene, CZEMPIEL Joseph Matthew, DŁUGOSZ Francis, DUDA Erwin, GALOCZ Clement, HUWER Joseph, KAŁUŻA Charles, KLIMEK Peter, KORCZOK Anthony Nicodemus, KOSYRCZYK Louis, KRZYSTOLIK Stanislaus, KRZYŻANOWSKI Sigismund, KULA Joseph, MACHERSKI Francis, PAŹDZIORA Augustine, POJDA Adolph, POJDA John, RDUCH Edward, RYGIELSKI Stanislaus (Fr Casimir), SZNUROWACKI John, SZRAMEK Emil, ŚCIGAŁA Francis Xavier, WOJCIECH Conrad, WRZOŁ Louis, ZIELIŃSKI Felix, ŻMIJ Charles

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 28882): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Katowice (prison): Detention centre run by Germans and later, in 1945, took over by the Commie–Nazis.

EG Myslowitz: Germ. Polizei Ersatz Gefängnis in Myslowitz (Eng. Police Substitute Prison Mysłowice) was operational from 13.02.1941 till 22.01.1945. Altogether c. 18,000 people went through it, including c. 2,000 women, mainly citizens of the Katowice regency, part of Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien (Eng. Upper Silesia Province) — on average from 100 to 1,200 at any one time. Initially only men were held captive. From 1941 also women were admitted, and from the beginning of 1943 a part of camp was dedicated to underage boys (underage girls were held in women block). Tortures were used. Killings and executions took place. Germans used also the camp to select people for public executions, without a proper court proceedings. Most of the prisoners, including children and teens were subsequently dispatched to concentration and death camps (mainly to nearby KL Auschwitz). (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2020.05.25])

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.05.25])

sources

personal:
silesia.edu.pl [access: 2019.10.13], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13]
original images:
bsip.miastorybnik.pl [access: 2020.05.25], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06]

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