• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • MACIERZYŃSKI Paul, source: encyklo.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMACIERZYŃSKI Paul
    source: encyklo.pl
    own collection

surname

MACIERZYŃSKI

forename(s)

Paul (pl. Paweł)

  • MACIERZYŃSKI Paul - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMACIERZYŃSKI Paul
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Wrocław archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

Cross on the Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit 1st Class

date and place of death

25.05.1945

KL Bergen-Belsen
n. Bergen, Celle dist., Lower Saxony, Germany

alt. dates and places of death

22.03.1945

details of death

In 1914, at the beginning of the I World War, drafted — as a seminarian — into German army. Served on the Western front till 1916. In 1919‑21, after Poland regained independence in 11.1918, during preparations for a plebiscite that was to decide national destiny of Upper Silesia and Opole region supported his Polish cause. Became member of clandestine Polish Military Organisation POW. After the plebiscite on 20.03.1921, more the 50 of his young parishioners took part in the 3rd Silesian Uprising of 1921 regarding him as their chaplain. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans but on 20.09.1939 released. Soon however arrested again. Jailed in Bieruń Stary jail and after 3 days in Pszczyna. From there taken to Rawicz prison and in 10.1939 transported to KL Buchenwald concentration camp. Thanks to family and his parish intervention on 22.10.1940 released but forbidden to continue his parish duties. Organised help to those imprisoned in KL Auschwitz concentration camp instead. Through the Berlin nunciature Informed the Church about the camp’s existence. Prob. went into hiding sheltering at private quarters, worked with Polish resistance (part of Polish Clandestine State). Arrested again by the Germans on 17.01.1944. On 22.05.1944 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. In the face of Russian advance on the Eastern front forced to move — prob. in 01.1945, certainly after 13.07.1944 — prob. in one of the „death marches” to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and finally to KL Bergen–Belsen concentration camp. There on 15.04.1945 was liberated by the British but did not regain health and soon perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and disease

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

28.08.1893

Kijewo Królewskie
Chełmno pow., Kuyavia-Pomerania voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.06.1919

positions held

1935–1939 — parish priest {parish: Bieruń Stary, St Bartholomew the Apostle}
1931–1935 — vicar {parish: Załęże–Katowice, St Joseph the Worker}
1930–1931 — prefect {Roździeń–Szopienice, Communal Coeducational Junior High School}
1923–1931 — vicar {parish: Szopienice–Roździeń, St Hedwig of Silesia; Katowice}
1919–1923 — vicar {parish: Nowy Bytom, St Paul the Apostle}
1919 — vicar {parish: Marklowice, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr}
1916–1919 — student {Wrocław, philosophy and theology, Department of Theology, University of Wrocław (since 1945), Royal University — Breslau Academy (1816‑1911), Frederic Wilhelm University of Silesia (1911–1945)}
1914 — student {Wrocław, philosophy and theology, Department of Theology, University of Wrocław (since 1945), Royal University — Breslau Academy (1816‑1911), Frederic Wilhelm University of Silesia (1911–1945)}

others related in death

FLORKO Joseph, GRZĄDKA Hippolytus, MAKIELA Theodore Francis, ORGANISZCZAK Vladislav, SZWAJNOCH Steven

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Bergen-Belsen: Till 1944 Bergen‑Belsen was a prisoner‑of‑war camp, in 1944 was changed into a concentration camp, in 1945 in so‑called „death marches” thousands of prisoners from other concentration camps were transferred, approx. 50,000 of them died in Bergen‑Belsen. When the camp on 15.04.1945 was liberated by the British troops c. 13,000 unburied bodies were found together with c. 60,000 inmates, emaciated, starving, without a food or drink for days, suffering from illness and sickness, mainly typhoid. C. 14,000 of them perished in next two months without regaining strength and health. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 188074): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 8717): In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: www.buchenwald.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Rawicz: German penal institution and investigative prison. After cessation of war campaigns a prison run by commi–nazi Russian occupiers. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.05.25])

sources

personal:
encyklo.pl [access: 2021.05.06], www.ushmm.org [access: 2016.04.23]
original images:
encyklo.pl [access: 2021.05.06], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06]

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