• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • MACHERSKI Francis, source: encyklo.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMACHERSKI Francis
    source: encyklo.pl
    own collection

surname

MACHERSKI

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

  • MACHERSKI Francis - Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus church, Jastrzębie Zdrój, source: www.katowice.uw.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMACHERSKI Francis
    Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus church, Jastrzębie Zdrój
    source: www.katowice.uw.gov.pl
    own collection
  • MACHERSKI Francis - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMACHERSKI Francis
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

31.10.1940

KL Gusen I
n. St. Georgen an der Gusen, Sankt Georgen an der Gusen, Perg dist., Górna Austria, Austria

alt. dates and places of death

31.10.1940

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, continued to make patriotic sermons (on Christmas 1939 stated: „others also reached Moscow but lost the war”…). Arrested by the Germans on 22.05.1940 in Jastrzębie Zdrój. Jailed in Rybnik prison. On 26.05.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp, Next on 16.08.1940 moved to KL Gusen I concentration camp — part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps’ complex — where slaved in quarries and where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

04.10.1883

Dąb-Katowice
Katowice city pow., śląskie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

17.06.1909

positions held

1918–1940 — rector {chapel: Jastrzębie Zdrój}
1918–1940 — chaplain {Jastrzębie Zdrój, Sister of St Borromeo's Institute}
1915–1918 — vicar {parish: Wielkie Hajduki, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Chorzów–Batory}
1910–1915 — vicar {parish: Siemianowice}
1909–1910 — vicar {parish: Bielszowice, St Mary Magdalene}
1909 — vicar {parish: Dąb–Katowice, St John and St Paul Martyrs}
1905–1908 — student {Wrocław, philosophy and theology, Department of Theology, University of Wrocław (since 1945), Royal University — Breslau Academy (1816‑1911), Frederic Wilhelm University of Silesia (1911–1945)}
1905–1909 — student {Wrocław, philosophy and theology, Department of Theology, University of Wrocław (since 1945), Royal University — Breslau Academy (1816‑1911), Frederic Wilhelm University of Silesia (1911–1945)}

others related in death

BARABASZ John Nepomucene, CZEMPIEL Joseph Matthew, DŁUGOSZ Francis, DUDA Erwin, GALOCZ Clement, HUWER Joseph, KAŁUŻA Charles, KLIMEK Peter, KORCZOK Anthony Nicodemus, KOSYRCZYK Louis, KRZYSTOLIK Stanislaus, KRZYŻANOWSKI Sigismund, KULA Joseph, PAŹDZIORA Augustine, POJDA Adolph, POJDA John, RDUCH Edward, RYGIELSKI Stanislaus (Fr Casimir), SIWEK Victor, SZNUROWACKI John, SZRAMEK Emil, ŚCIGAŁA Francis Xavier, WOJCIECH Conrad, WRZOŁ Louis, ZIELIŃSKI Felix, ŻMIJ Charles

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Gusen I: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen-Gusen: A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 12656): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Rybnik: Detention centre run by Germans.

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
encyklo.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.gedenkstaetten.at [access: 2018.10.04], www.straty.pl [access: 2016.03.14], www.rybnik.pl [access: 2013.05.19]
original images:
encyklo.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.katowice.uw.gov.pl [access: 2014.01.06], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06]

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