• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • WRZOŁ Louis, source: www.gedenkstaetten.at, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    source: www.gedenkstaetten.at
    own collection
  • WRZOŁ Louis, source: swojana.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    source: swojana.blogspot.com
    own collection
  • WRZOŁ Louis - 1920s, source: swojana.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    1920s
    source: swojana.blogspot.com
    own collection
  • WRZOŁ Louis, source: www.gusen.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    source: www.gusen.org.pl
    own collection
  • WRZOŁ Louis, source: swojana.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    source: swojana.blogspot.com
    own collection
  • WRZOŁ Louis - Contemporary painting, source: www.lsozabrzeg.bielsko.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    Contemporary painting
    source: www.lsozabrzeg.bielsko.opoka.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

WRZOŁ

forename(s)

Louis (pl. Ludwik)

  • WRZOŁ Louis - Commemorative plaque, St Mary Magdalene parish church, Cieszyn, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    Commemorative plaque, St Mary Magdalene parish church, Cieszyn
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • WRZOŁ Louis - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWRZOŁ Louis
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Wrocław archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Bible Science

honorary titles

prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]
Papal chamberlain
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22]

date and place of death

30.09.1940

KL Gusen I
concentration camp, n. St. Georgen an der Gusen, Sankt Georgen an der Gusen, Perg dist., Salzburg

details of death

After Czechoslovakia Anschluss in 1938 left his rector post at Widnawa Theological Seminary and found refuge in Polish Cieszyn. After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, for the first time arrested on 12.09.1939 by the Germans. Released. Arrested again by the Germans on 12.05.1940. Jailed and tortured in Bielsko, Cieszyn prisons and EG Sosnowitz transit camp. On 28.05.1940 moved to KL Dachau concentration camp. Finally on 16.08.1940 transported to KL Gusen I concentration camp — part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps’ complex — where slaved in quarries and where perished.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

27.12.1881

Zabrzeg
Bielsko-Biała pow., Silesia voiv.

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

26.07.1904 (Vidnava)

positions held

1939–1940 — administrator {parish: Ligocie, Divine Providence; n. Bielsko}
1939 — administrator {parish: Kończyce Wielkie, St Michael the Archangel}
1938–1939 — professor {Cieszyn, junior high school(s)}
1933–1938 — rector {Vidnava, Seminary}
1910–1933 — professor {Vidnava, Seminary}, philosophy and theology
defender of the marriage bond
pro–synodal judge {Wrocław, Clerical Diocesan Court}
censor of religious books (Lat. censores librorum) {archdioc: Wrocław}
1908–1910 — PhD student {Vienna, St Augustine's Higher Scientific Institute for Diocesan Priests – „Augustineum / Frintaneum”}
1907–1908 — prefect {Bielsko – Bielsko–Biała, people's schools}
1905–1907 — prefect {Vidnava, boarding school for boys}
1904–1905 — vicar {parish: Vidnava}
1900–1904 — student {Vidnava, philosophy and theology, Seminary}

others related in death

ADAMECKI Joseph, BARABASZ John Nepomucene, GALOCZ Clement, KAŁUŻA Francis Matthew, KAŁUŻA Charles, KUKLA Stanislaus, KULA Joseph, OLSZAK Henry, PAŹDZIORA Augustine, SZYMECZEK Frederick, TOMANEK Rudolph, KNYPS Louis, MAROSZ John, PŁOSZEK Rudolph, SOSNA Charles, CZEMPIEL Joseph Matthew, DŁUGOSZ Francis, DUDA Erwin, HUWER Joseph, KLIMEK Peter, KORCZOK Anthony Nicodemus, KOSYRCZYK Louis, KRZYSTOLIK Stanislaus, KRZYŻANOWSKI Sigismund, MACHERSKI Francis, POJDA Adolph, POJDA John, RDUCH Edward, RYGIELSKI Stanislaus (Fr Casimir), SIWEK Victor, SZNUROWACKI John, SZRAMEK Emil, ŚCIGAŁA Francis Xavier, WOJCIECH Conrad, ZIELIŃSKI Felix, ŻMIJ Charles

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Gusen I: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen-Gusen: A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 12368): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

EG Sosnowitz: Germ. Polizei Ersatz Gefängnis in Sosnowitz (Eng. Police Substitute Prison Sosnowitz), was founded — on the grounds of Shoen manufacturing plant in Sosnowiec (then part of Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Eng. Silesia Province) — in 10.1939 and operated till 02.1941 (for some time it was prob. call Stalag–Stammlager Sosnowitz). Plant’s building were surrounded with barbed wire and guarded by units of German genocidal SS organisation. The first inmates were Poles, regarded as political prisoners. Altogether c. 1,500 prisoners were held there including c 1,000 Jews from Czech republic and Austria. Prisoners were brutally tortured and their shouts were drowned in music played by inmates on accordions. They slaved in various places in Sosnowiec. The bodies of the dead and murdered were buried at „Pekin” cemetery formerly belonging to town’s hospital (prob. c. 1,500 German murder victims were buried there). The others were transported to concentration camps KL Dachau, KL Ravensbruck and newly constructed KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.tysol.pl [access: 2020.05.25])

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Bielsko: Detention centre run by Germans.

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
encyklo.pl [access: 2012.11.23], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2014.01.06], www.ceeol.com [access: 2017.11.07], www.gedenkstaetten.at [access: 2018.10.04], www.straty.pl [access: 2016.03.14]
original images:
www.gedenkstaetten.at [access: 2017.11.07], swojana.blogspot.com [access: 2016.05.30], swojana.blogspot.com [access: 2017.11.07], www.gusen.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], swojana.blogspot.com [access: 2017.11.07], www.lsozabrzeg.bielsko.opoka.org.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.03.21], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at Wikipedia, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: WRZOŁ Louis

To return to the biography press below: