• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • DUDA Erwin, source: parafia-pruchna.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUDA Erwin
    source: parafia-pruchna.pl
    own collection
  • DUDA Erwin, source: parafia-pruchna.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUDA Erwin
    source: parafia-pruchna.pl
    own collection
  • DUDA Erwin - 1935, Cracow, source: parafia-pruchna.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUDA Erwin
    1935, Cracow
    source: parafia-pruchna.pl
    own collection
  • DUDA Erwin, source: parafia-pruchna.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUDA Erwin
    source: parafia-pruchna.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

DUDA

forename(s)

Erwin

  • DUDA Erwin - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUDA Erwin
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • DUDA Erwin - Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str., source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUDA Erwin
    Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str.
    source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

03.02.1942

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bawaria, Germany

alt. dates and places of death

01.1942

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 23.04.1940 (or 07.03.1940). On 28.04.1940 jailed in KL Dachau concentration camp, then on 05.06.1940 transported to KL Gusen I concentration camp — part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps’ complex — where he slaved in quarries. From there on 08.12.1940 — totally exhausted — brought back to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished (ostensibly from tuberculosis).

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion, starvation, tuberculosis

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

01.09.1911

Pruchna
Cieszyn pow., śląskie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

28.06.1936 (Katowice cathedral)

positions held

1939–1940 — vicar {parish: Ustroń, St Clement}
1926–1929 — vicar {parish: Radlinie, St Mary Magdalene}
1936 — vicar {parish: Boguszowice, Sacred Heart of Jesus}
1931–1936 — student {Kraków, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary; dioc.: Katowice}
1931–1936 — student {Kraków, Department of Theology, Jagiellonian University UJ}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K2134)

others related in death

BARABASZ John Nepomucene, CZEMPIEL Joseph Matthew, DŁUGOSZ Francis, GALOCZ Clement, HUWER Joseph, KAŁUŻA Charles, KLIMEK Peter, KORCZOK Anthony Nicodemus, KOSYRCZYK Louis, KRZYSTOLIK Stanislaus, KRZYŻANOWSKI Sigismund, KULA Joseph, MACHERSKI Francis, PAŹDZIORA Augustine, POJDA Adolph, POJDA John, RDUCH Edward, RYGIELSKI Stanislaus (Fr Casimir), SIWEK Victor, SZNUROWACKI John, SZRAMEK Emil, ŚCIGAŁA Francis Xavier, WOJCIECH Conrad, WRZOŁ Louis, ZIELIŃSKI Felix, ŻMIJ Charles

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 6791, 21961): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Gusen I: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen-Gusen: A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
silesia.edu.pl [access: 2019.10.13], www.rybnik.pl [access: 2013.05.19], parafia-pruchna.pl [access: 2016.04.23], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2014.01.06]
bibliograhical:
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020
original images:
parafia-pruchna.pl [access: 2016.04.23], parafia-pruchna.pl [access: 2016.04.23], parafia-pruchna.pl [access: 2016.04.23], parafia-pruchna.pl [access: 2016.04.23], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06], www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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