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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

GRYŹLAK

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

07.05.1909

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1933 (Lviv)

positions held

vicar of Firlejów parish in Brzeżany deanery (1940‑4) — living in Błonie village, f. prefect at Teachers’ Seminary in Tarnopol (from 1938), at school for girls in Rohatyn (1935‑8), in Horodenka (1933‑5)

date and place of death

04.03.1945

KL Flossenbürg
concentration camp, n. Weiden in der Oberpfalz, Upper Palatinate reg., Bavaria, Germany

cause of death

extermination: murder / exhaustion

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, during Russian occupation, co–founder of youth clandestine resistance „Young Forest” group in Tarnopol. Leadership member of the clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization in Tarnopol region (part of Polish Clandestine State). During German occupation, starting in 1941, collaborated as a chaplain with the Polish clandestine resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State). In 02.1944, during the genocide perpetrated by Ukrainians, known as „Volyn genocide”, survived in Firlejów murderous attacks of the Ukrainian genocidal OUN/UPA organisation — c.75 parishioners perished, c. 20 murdered bestially. Then with the blessing of Cracow diocese bishop, Abp Sapieha, and with full knowledge of Home Army AK, together with his remaining parishioners prob. voluntarily applied for transfer to Germany as a physical labourer — so‑called freiwilliger — to clandestinely minister to Poles forced to slave work in Germany. There arrested by the Germans. Transported to KL Groß–Rosen concentration camp. On 13.02.1945, right before Russian forces arrival, marched out in a so–called „death march” to KL Flossenbürg concentration camp where perished.

alt. dates and places of death

KL Groß-Rosen
concentration camp, Rogoźnica, Strzegom gm., Świdnica Cou., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BŁĄDZIŃSKI Vladislav, BOGACZ Adalbert, CAG Joseph, CAP Alexander, CHMIELNICKI Sigismund, DRYGAS Francis, DRYGAS John, JĘDRA Martin, KOŚMIDER Adalbert, KRAJEWSKI Joseph, LEŃKO Joseph, ŁUKOWIAK Anthony, PLUCIŃSKI Valentine, PYKOSZ John, SAROSIEK Witold, STOPIŃSKI Joseph, SZMERGALSKI Simon, WĄDRZYK Anthony, WIĘCKIEWICZ Leo, ŻUREK Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Flossenbürg (prisoner no: 49884): German concentration camp in which approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. Approx. 30,000‑77,000 of them perished, among them up to 17,000 Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

KL Groß-Rosen: Groß‑Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German concentration camp founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.eu [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02])

Slave labour in Germany: During II World War Germans forced c. 15 million people to do a slave forced labour in Germany and in the territories occupied by Germany. In General Governorate the obligation to work included Poles from 14 to 60 years old. On the Polish territories occupied and incorporated into Germany proper obligation was forced upon children as young as 12 years old — for instance in Warthegau (Eng. Greater Poland). (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.11.07])

Volyn genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
cracovia-leopolis.pl [access: 2013.01.06], patrimonium.tchr.org [access: 2017.01.29], www.straty.pl [access: 2015.04.18]
bibliograhical:
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007

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