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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

GRYŹLAK

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

07.05.1909

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1933 (Lwów)

positions held

vicar of Firlejów parish in Brzeżany deanery (1940‑4) — living in Błonie village, f. prefect at Teachers’ Seminary in Tarnopol (from 1938), at school for girls in Rohatyn (1935‑8), in Horodenka (1933‑5)

date and place of death

04.03.1945

KL Flossenbürg

cause of death

extermination: murder / exhaustion

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, during Russian occupation, co–founder of youth clandestine resistance „Young Forest” group in Tarnopol. Leadership member of the clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization in Tarnopol region (part of Polish Clandestine State). During German occupation, starting in 1941, collaborated as a chaplain with the Polish clandestine resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State). In 02.1944, during the genocide perpetrated by Ukrainians, known as „Volhynia genocide”, survived in Firlejów murderous attacks of the Ukrainian genocidal OUN/UPA organisation — c.75 parishioners perished, c. 20 murdered bestially. Then with the blessing of Cracow diocese bishop, Abp Sapieha, and with full knowledge of Home Army AK, together with his remaining parishioners prob. voluntarily applied for transfer to Germany as a physical labourer — so‑called freiwilliger — to clandestinely minister to Poles forced to slave work in Germany. There arrested by the Germans. Transported to KL Groß–Rosen concentration camp. On 13.02.1945, right before Russian forces arrival, marched out in a so–called „death march” to KL Flossenbürg concentration camp where perished.

alt. dates and places of death

KL Groß-Rosen

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BŁĄDZIŃSKI Vladislav, BOGACZ Adalbert, CAG Joseph, CAP Alexander, CHMIELNICKI Sigismund, DRYGAS Francis, DRYGAS John, JĘDRA Martin, KOŚMIDER Adalbert, KRAJEWSKI Joseph, LEŃKO Joseph, ŁUKOWIAK Anthony, PLUCIŃSKI Valentine, PYKOSZ John, SAROSIEK Witold, STOPIŃSKI Joseph, SZMERGALSKI Simon, WĄDRZYK Anthony, WIĘCKIEWICZ Leo, ŻUREK Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Flossenbürg (prisoner no: 49884): German concentration camp in which approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. Approx. 30,000‑77,000 of them perished, among them up to 17,000 Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

KL Groß-Rosen: Groß‑Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German concentration camp founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.eu [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02])

Slave labour in Germany: During II World War Germans forced c. 15 million people to do a slave forced labour in Germany and in the territories occupied by Germany. In General Governorate the obligation to work included Poles from 14 to 60 years old. On the Polish territories occupied and incorporated into Germany proper obligation was forced upon children as young as 12 years old — for instance in Warthegau (Eng. Greater Poland). (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.11.07])

Volhynia genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, supported by local Ukrainians, murdered — often in a very brutal way — in Volhynia and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all of the civilians, women, children, old and young, men. This Ukrainian genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, in many cases collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. During this Polish holocaust more than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This genocide ended up in total elimination of Poles from Ukraine and also expulsion of Ukrainians from contemporary eastern‑southern Poland by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces and from western Ukraine by Russians in „Vistula Action”. (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
cracovia-leopolis.pl [access: 2013.01.06], patrimonium.tchr.org [access: 2017.01.29], www.straty.pl [access: 2015.04.18]
bibliograhical:
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007

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