• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • CHMIELNICKI Sigismund, source: ostrog.blox.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHMIELNICKI Sigismund
    source: ostrog.blox.pl
    own collection

surname

CHMIELNICKI

forename(s)

Sigismund (pl. Zygmunt)

  • CHMIELNICKI Sigismund - Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen, source: img.iap.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHMIELNICKI Sigismund
    Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen
    source: img.iap.pl
    own collection
  • CHMIELNICKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHMIELNICKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]
Papal chamberlain
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22]
minor canon (Ołyka collegiate)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

11.11.1891

Nieświcz (Lutsk county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1918 (Żytomierz (Ukraina))

positions held

vicar general of Łuck diocese (1942‑3), dean of Łuck deanery (1942‑3), priest of Łuck cathedral, f. spiritual councillor at Łuck–Krasne Theological Seminary, f. editor of „Catholic Life” in Łuck (1931‑9), f. pro–synodal judge of Łuck diocese (1928‑39), bishop–nominee in Zhytomyr (to be ordained by bishop Szelążek, but documentation is lost), f. parish priest of St Barbara in Berdyczów (1924‑6), Bielawka in Berdyczów deanery (c. 1924) parishes, f. chancellor of Zhytomyr Curia (1920‑3), f. dean of Owrucz deanery (from 1922), f. administrator of Uszomierz in Owrucz deanery (1918‑25), Horoszki in Owrucz deanery (1918‑25) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1918)

date and place of death

16.04.1944

KL Groß-Rosen

cause of death

murder

details of death

For the first time arrested on 06(14).11.1923 by the Russians — ostensibly for spying. Released on 25.12.1923. Next by the Russians arrested on 20.04.1924. Released. Finally on 19.06.1926 (or onb 18.05.1926) arrested again in Berdyczów. Jailed in Berdyczów prison and from there transported to Butyrki prison in Moscow. On 19.07.1926 tried and sentenced to 3 years in Russian concentration camps. In 08.1926 deported to Solovetsky Island concentration camp. In 1927 moved back to Butyrki prison in Moscow. On 31.01.1928 exchanged for Russian spies in Poland. Settled in Volhynia. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War chaplain of the clandestine resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State). On 11.08.1943 denounced by the Ukrainians and arrested by the Germans. Released after 3 months on 21.11.1943 but in 01.1944 arrested by the Germans yet again. Jailed in Lviv and from there transported to Wrocław prison. Finally on 28.03.1944 transported to KL Groß–Rosen concentration camp. There murdered — tortured to death by the German guard.

alt. dates and places of death

17.04.1944

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BŁĄDZIŃSKI Vladislav, BOGACZ Adalbert, CAG Joseph, CAP Alexander, DRYGAS Francis, DRYGAS John, GRYŹLAK Anthony, JĘDRA Martin, KOŚMIDER Adalbert, KRAJEWSKI Joseph, LEŃKO Joseph, ŁUKOWIAK Anthony, PLUCIŃSKI Valentine, PYKOSZ John, SAROSIEK Witold, STOPIŃSKI Joseph, SZMERGALSKI Simon, WĄDRZYK Anthony, WIĘCKIEWICZ Leo, ŻUREK Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Groß-Rosen: Groß‑Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German concentration camp founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.eu [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02])

Lviv (Łąckiego): Prison at Łącki Str. in Lviv. Founded in 1918‑20 by Polish authorities, mainly for political prisoners. From 1935 used as investigative jail. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation Russians — local branch of Russian genocidal NKVD organisation — held thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles and Ukrainians, in prison (then prison no 1). It was also a place of carrying out death sentences passed by Russian summary courts on Poles suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance activities. In 06.1941, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, NKVD agents slaugher — during genocidal massacres of prisoners — c. 924 inmates. During German occupation that followed in 1941‑4 the prison’s buildings held German Gestapo investigative jail. It was a place of executions. In 1944‑91, after German defeat and start of another Russian occupation, the building were again used by NKVD (and it successor MVD) as investigative jail and also investigative department. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Volhynia genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volhynia and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volhynia, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

sources

personal:
www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], ftp: [access: 2013.02.15], www.kul.lublin.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.gross-rosen.eu [access: 2014.09.21]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ostrog.blox.pl [access: 2017.03.11], img.iap.pl [access: 2012.12.28], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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