• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • CHMIELNICKI Sigismund, source: ostrog.blox.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHMIELNICKI Sigismund
    source: ostrog.blox.pl
    own collection

surname

CHMIELNICKI

forename(s)

Sigismund (pl. Zygmunt)

  • CHMIELNICKI Sigismund - Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen, source: img.iap.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHMIELNICKI Sigismund
    Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen
    source: img.iap.pl
    own collection
  • CHMIELNICKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHMIELNICKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

honorary titles

prelatemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Papal chamberlainmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.22]

Minor Canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Ołyka collegiate)

date and place
of death

16.04.1944

KL Groß-Rosenconcentration camp
today: Rogoźnica, Strzegom gm., Świdnica pov., Lower Silesia voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.02.02]

alt. dates and places
of death

17.04.1944

details of death

For the first time arrested on 06(14).11.1923 by the Russians — ostensibly for spying.

Released on 25.12.1923.

Next by the Russians arrested on 20.04.1924.

Released.

Finally on 19.06.1926 (or onb 18.05.1926) arrested again in Berdyczów.

Jailed in Berdyczów prison and from there transported to Butyrki prison in Moscow.

On 19.07.1926 tried and sentenced to 3 years in Russian concentration camps.

In 08.1926 deported to Solovetsky Island concentration camp.

In 1927 moved back to Butyrki prison in Moscow.

On 31.01.1928 exchanged for Russian spies in Poland.

Settled in Volyn.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation, chaplain of the Polish clandestine resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State).

On 11.08.1943 denounced by the Ukrainians and arrested by the Germans.

Held in Rivne prison.

Released after 3 months on 21.11.1943 but in 01.1944 arrested by the Germans yet again.

Held in Lutsk, Dubno and Lviv and from there transported to Wrocław prison.

Finally on 28.03.1944 transported to KL Groß‑Rosen concentration camp.

There murdered — tortured to death by the German guard.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

11.11.1891

Nesvichtoday: Horodyshche hrom., Lutsk rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1918 (Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
)

positions held

1942 – 1943

vicar general

1942 – 1943

dean — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

Bishop — appointee (Bp Szelążek was to lead the sacred orders, but there is no evidence in the documentation)

priest — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC cathedral parish ⋄ Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1933 – c. 1939

professor — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Institute for the Education of Orthodox Priests Approaching Union with the Church — lecturer of pastoral theology

c. 1933 – c. 1939

pro–synodal judge — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Bishop's Diocesan Court

1931 – 1939

editor — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ „Catholic Life

1928 – c. 1932

synod judge — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Bishop's Diocesan Court

1928 – 1939

spiritual father — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Theological Seminary

1924 – 1926

parish priest — Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv urban hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
⋄ St Barbara the Virgin and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv urban hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
RC deanery

c. 1924

parish priest — Bielawka ⋄ RC parish ⋄ Berdychivtoday: Berdychiv urban hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
RC deanery

1920 – 1923

chancellor — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Diocesan Curia

1922 – c. 1923

dean — Ovruchtoday: Ovruch urban hrom., Korosten rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

1921 – c. 1923

administrator — Ushomyrtoday: Ushomyr hrom., Korosten rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Ovruchtoday: Ovruch urban hrom., Korosten rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

1918 – c. 1923

administrator — Khoroshkyform.: Volodarsk–Volynskyi
today: fKhoroshiv, Khoroshiv hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
⋄ Transfiguration of the Lord RC church ⋄ Toporyshchetoday: Khoroshiv hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, St Tekla the Virgin and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Ovruchtoday: Ovruch urban hrom., Korosten rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

1914 – 1918

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

till 1914

student — Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Department of Law, St Vladimir Imperial University

others related
in death

BŁĄDZIŃSKIClick to display biography Vladislav, BOGACZClick to display biography Adalbert, CAGClick to display biography Joseph, CAPClick to display biography Alexander, DRYGASClick to display biography Francis, DRYGASClick to display biography John, GRYŹLAKClick to display biography Anthony, JĘDRAClick to display biography Martin, KOŚMIDERClick to display biography Adalbert, KRAJEWSKIClick to display biography Joseph, LEŃKOClick to display biography Joseph, ŁUKOWIAKClick to display biography Anthony, PLUCIŃSKIClick to display biography Valentine, PYKOSZClick to display biography John, SAROSIEKClick to display biography Witold, STOPIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph, SZMERGALSKIClick to display biography Simon, WĄDRZYKClick to display biography Anthony, WIĘCKIEWICZClick to display biography Leo, ŻUREKClick to display biography Anthony

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Groß—Rosen: Groß‑Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German concentration camp founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.07.18]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
)

Lviv (Łąckiego): Prison at Łącki Str. in Lviv. Founded in 1918‑1920 by Polish authorities, mainly for political prisoners. From 1935 used as investigative jail. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of Russian occupation Russians — local branch of Russian genocidal NKVD organisation — held thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles and Ukrainians, in prison (then prison no 1). It was also a place of carrying out death sentences passed by Russian summary courts on Poles suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance activities. In 06.1941, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, NKVD agents slaugher — during genocidal massacres of prisoners — c. 924 inmates. During German occupation that followed in 1941‑1944 the prison’s buildings held German Gestapo investigative jail. It was a place of executions. In 1944‑1991, after German defeat and start of another Russian occupation, the building were again used by NKVD (and it successor MVD) as investigative jail and also investigative department. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

«Genocidium Atrox»: In 1939‑1947, especially in 1943‑1944, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 130,000 to 180,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after World War I (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑1919), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑1941, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished in this holocaust — known as «Genocidium Atrox» (Eng. „savage genocide”) The nature and purpose of genocide is perhaps best reflected in the song sung by the murderers: „We will slaughter the Poles, we will cut down the Jews, we must conquer the great Ukraine” (ukr. „Поляків виріжем, Євреїв видусим, велику Україну здобути мусим”). This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑1945 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.06.20]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

SLON-Lag (Solovetsky Islands): Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑1939 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. One source states 83,000 prisoners, of whom c. 43,000 were murdered, including c. 9.500 prisoners in 1937‑1938 who were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh, Krasnyi Bor and Lodeynoye Polye. Among them were many Catholic priests. After the National Socialist Party came to power in Germany in 1933, a German delegation visited the SLON camp, to „inspect” Russian solutions and adopt them later in German concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. Founded prob. in XVII century. In XIX century many Polish insurgents (Polish uprisings of 1831 and 1863) were held there. During Communist regime a place of internment for political prisoners prior to a transfer to Russian slave labour complex Gulag. During the Great Purge c. 20,000 inmates were held there at any time (c. 170 in every cell). Thousands were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.05.01]
)

sources

personal:
www.duszki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, ftp:Click to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.15]
, www.mariadebowska.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.07.05]
, www.kul.lublin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.gross-rosen.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

bibliographical:
Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
ostrog.blox.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.03.11]
, img.iap.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an Email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at WikipediaPatrz:
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, among others  — try the link below, please:

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MARTYROLOGY: CHMIELNICKI Sigismund

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