• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

SZMERGALSKI

forename(s)

Simon (pl. Szymon)

  • SZMERGALSKI Simon - Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen, source: img.iap.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZMERGALSKI Simon
    Commemorative stone, obóz koncentracyjny, KL Groß—Rosen
    source: img.iap.pl
    own collection
  • SZMERGALSKI Simon - Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus basilica, Warsaw, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSZMERGALSKI Simon
    Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus basilica, Warsaw
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of St Francis de Sales (Salesian Society, - SDB)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

st Stanislaus Kostka Warsaw Inspectorate SDB

date and place of death

06.06.1944

KL Groß-Rosen
concentration camp, Rogoźnica, Strzegom gm., Świdnica pow., Lower Silesia voiv.

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested by Germans on 17.02.1941. Jailed in Płock and KL Soldau concentration camp in Działdowo. Released after a few days and prob. deported to German‑run General Governorate. Arrested again by the Germans on 07.02.1944 in Warsaw, in Fr Siemiec Orphans' House together with 17 priests and 14 co‑religious. Jailed in Pawiak prison in Warsaw and next prob. 28.03.1944 transported to KL Groß‑Rosen concentration camp, where perished — tortured, beaten, had hand broken — regarded by co–prisoners as saint.

cause of death

extermination: murder / exhaustion

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

03.04.1877

Rakowice
Iława pow., Warmia-Masuria voiv.

religious vows

1910 (temporary)
04.08.1919 (permanent)

positions held

friar—coadjutor in Warsaw monastery — master bricklayer in Fr Siemiec Orphans' House, novitiate in Radna monastery 1909‑10

others related in death

BŁĄDZIŃSKI Vladislav, BOGACZ Adalbert, CAG Joseph, CAP Alexander, CHMIELNICKI Sigismund, DRYGAS Francis, DRYGAS John, GRYŹLAK Anthony, JĘDRA Martin, KOŚMIDER Adalbert, KRAJEWSKI Joseph, LEŃKO Joseph, ŁUKOWIAK Anthony, PLUCIŃSKI Valentine, PYKOSZ John, SAROSIEK Witold, STOPIŃSKI Joseph, WĄDRZYK Anthony, WIĘCKIEWICZ Leo, ŻUREK Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Groß-Rosen: Groß‑Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German concentration camp founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.eu [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

07.02.1944 arrests: In apparent in retaliation for the successful attempt on the head of the Warsaw Gestapo and the SS gen. Kutschera (01.02.1944) German political police (Gestapo) arrested many priests and religious in Warsaw, Cracow, Lublin and Radom, including 17 priests, 14 religious and many pupils and staff members of the Fr Siemiec orphans' house run by Salesian Fathers in Warsaw and 14 Vincentian (Lazarists) priests, 5 Vincentian religious and 3 lay people ministering in the Holy Cross church in Warsaw. They were taken to infamous Pawiak prison in Warsaw and next some of them were transported to Groß‑Rosen concentration camp.

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „ Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (Eng. Transit Camp for Polish Civilians), prior to transport to other concentration camps. In reality it was used then as a place of extermination of Polish intelligentsia within Germ. Intelligenzaktion genocidal program and extermination of sick and disabled within Aktion T4 program. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])

Płock: Detention centre and prison run by Germans.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
bws.sdb.org.pl [access: 2019.05.30]
bibliograhical:
„Lubawa County Biographical Lexicon 1244‑2005”, George Szews, 2005
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
img.iap.pl [access: 2012.12.28], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04]

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