• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KRAWCZEWICZ Paul; source: S. Tylus, „Lexicon of Polish Pallotines 1912-2012”, Ząbki 2013, archives of Christ the King Province in Warsaw, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRAWCZEWICZ Paul
    source: S. Tylus, „Lexicon of Polish Pallotines 1912-2012”, Ząbki 2013, archives of Christ the King Province in Warsaw
    own collection
  • KRAWCZEWICZ Paul - c. 1938, Cegielnik, source: www.zsgorsk.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRAWCZEWICZ Paul
    c. 1938, Cegielnik
    source: www.zsgorsk.pl
    own collection
  • KRAWCZEWICZ Paul - Contemporary painting, source: diecezja.waw.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRAWCZEWICZ Paul
    Contemporary painting
    source: diecezja.waw.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

KRAWCZEWICZ

surname
versions/aliases

KRAWCEWICZ

forename(s)

Paul (pl. Paweł)

  • KRAWCZEWICZ Paul - Commemorative plague, Theological Seminary church, Ołtarzew, source: turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKRAWCZEWICZ Paul
    Commemorative plague, Theological Seminary church, Ołtarzew
    source: turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl
    own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Catholic Apostolate (Pallotti's Fathers - SAC)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Christ the King province SAC
more on: waw.pallotyni.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

11.03.1945

KL Ohrdruf
Ohrdruf, Gotha dist., Thuringia, Germany

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans in 10.1939. Held as a hostage (prob. because of expected resistance on 11.11.1939, Polish national day), and then released. In 1942 or 1943 volunteered — with his Congregation’s superiors permission and Cracow archbishop, Card. Adam Sapieha’s, knowledge — for work in Germany in order to minister to Poles slaving as forced labourers. The trip was also organised and supported by the Highest Command of clandestine Polish resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State). Underwent — together with c. 30 other Catholic priests who decided to travel to Germany —extensive AK training in Warsaw and Cracow covering intelligence gathering and medical assistance. Was nominated AK chaplain in captain rank. Received original German documents where only the „profession” entry was falsified and stated „private office worker”. Additionally with Pope Pius XII permission chaplain were allowed to say Holy Mass from memory, at any time of the day and night, without liturgical vestments, did not have to uphold Eucharistic fast, were permitted to bless marriages, grant a marriage dispensations, hear confessions and grant collective absolutions. In Germany arrived in 1943. Worked in Stuttgart factory organizing prayers and devotional services and spiritually supporting Polish slave labourers. Kept in touch with Natalie Tułasiewicz (subsequently beatified by Pope John Paul II) who also voluntarily went to Germany to help Polish slave workers. Arrested by the Germans on 29.04.1944 (according to other sources on 17.03.1944) in Stuttgart with a group of Poles–volunteers (the arrested covered whole Germany and among the apprehended was aforementioned Natalie Tułasiewicz, though not all priests–volunteers were captured) — prob. as a result of betrayal in Warsaw or intelligence efforts by German political police Gestapo. Transported to Brauwailer n. Cologne. There brutally interrogated and tortured — 3 times had to be taken to the hospital but did not reveal anything. On 17.09.1944 jailed in KL Buchenwald concentration camp and initially held in tent barrack. Next moved to KL Ohrdruf sub—camp. Exhausted contracted lung tuberculosis and after two weeks in the camp’s „hospital” (‘revir’) perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion, starvation, tuberculosis

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

20.08.1907

Bochum
North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

religious vows

31.03.1929 (temporary)
31.08.1932 (permanent)

positions held

friar of Congregation’s house in Warsaw (1928‑42)— gatekeeper (till 1942), printing house at Krakowskie Przedmieście Str. director (from 1942), bookshop manager, kitchen help (1918‑9), in Association in Suchary monastery from 02.09.1926

others related in death

JANISZEWSKI Mieczyslav (Fr Dennis)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Ohrdruf (prisoner no: 103716): German slave labour concentration camp Germ. Zwangsarbeitslager, initially independent but later a branch of KL Buchenwald concentration camp, near Ohrdruf village in Thuringia in Germany. Prisoners slave at construction of a railway line leading to an emerging undergroung control centre (unfinished). At the end of 1944 c. 10,000 prisoners where held there. Till 03.1945 the number swelled to 20,000 — Russians, Poles, Hungarian Jews, etc. 7,000 perished — part in so‑called „death marches” in 1945 to other camps. Liberated on 04.04.1945 — the first concentration camp liberaterd by American army. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 85327): In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: www.buchenwald.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Slave labour in Germany: During II World War Germans forced c. 15 million people to do a slave forced labour in Germany and in the territories occupied by Germany. In General Governorate the obligation to work included Poles from 14 to 60 years old. On the Polish territories occupied and incorporated into Germany proper obligation was forced upon children as young as 12 years old — for instance in Warthegau (Eng. Greater Poland). (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.11.07])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
wsdsac.pl [access: 2012.12.28], libermortuorum.pl [access: 2019.05.30], www.zsgorsk.pl [access: 2019.05.30], www.pallotyni.pl [access: 2013.05.19]
bibliograhical:
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
www.zsgorsk.pl [access: 2019.05.30], diecezja.waw.pl [access: 2016.05.30], turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl [access: 2017.11.07]

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