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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • JANUKOWICZ Peter - Just before the Moscow trial, 1923, source: www.sosnowiecfakty.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJANUKOWICZ Peter
    Just before the Moscow trial, 1923
    source: www.sosnowiecfakty.pl
    own collection

surname

JANUKOWICZ

surname
versions/aliases

JANUKIEWICZ

forename(s)

Peter (pl. Piotr)

  • JANUKOWICZ Peter - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJANUKOWICZ Peter
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

18.10.1863

Denysovo-Myory (Miory reg., Belarus)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1891 (Kowno)

positions held

administrator of Schklov parish in Mogilev deanery (1934‑7), f. administrator of Schklov parish in Mogilev deanery St Catherine in Sankt Peterburg (19932‑4), Immaculate Heart of the Virgin Mary in Sankt Petersburg (1931‑2), Schklov in Mogilev deanery (1926‑31) — ministering from Fashchevka village — parishes, f. parish priest of St Francis parish in Leśne n. Sankt Petersburg (1921‑2), f. administrator of the Annunciation parish on Vyborg cemetery in Sankt Petersburg (1912‑21), f. dean of Nieśwież deanery (1911‑2), f. parish priest of Nieśwież parish (1911‑2), f. dean of Bychów deanery (1909‑11), f. parish priest of Bychów (1909‑11), Dubrowna in Orsza deanery (1905‑9) parishes, f. military chaplain in Manchuria and Ussuri Krai (1904‑5), f. minister of Kazań parish (1902‑4) — chaplain of a chapel and catechist in Penza, f. parish priest of Kamień parish in Minsk deanery (from 1897), f. vicar of Nowogród (1894‑7), Lucyn (1892‑3), Nowogród (1892) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg (1886‑91)

date and place of death

27.08.1937

Minsk (Belarus)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

On 05.03.1893 punitively exiled by Russian Tsarist authorities to Anglona (Latvia) monastery — for not standing up in a court when witnesses were making an oath in front of Orthodox priest. In c. 1902 dismissed from Kamień parish n. Minsk as a result of Orthodox priests’ denunciations to Tsarist authorities. In 1909‑10 twice tried and sentenced to a couple of days home arrest for the defense of Catholic faith. On 09‑14.09.1919 again held captive by the Russians — forced to do public works in Sankt Petersburg. Arrested once again on 10.05.1920 by the Russians — accused of holding metal coffins containing corpses of Poles to be sent to Poland. On 14.09.1920 sentenced to a year in prison. Released however — amnestied. In 1923 summoned to Moscow on 03.03.1923 together with a group of priests from Sankt Petersburg. On 09.03.1923 in Moscow arrested again. There on 21‑25.03.1923 tried in Abp John Cieplak trial. Sentenced to 3 years in prison. Held in Butyrki and Lefortowie prisons in Moscow. Released in 1925. Last time arrested by the Russians on 09.06.1937 in Fashchevka village n. Minsk where lived and from where ministered. Accused of leading a clandestine branch of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8) and spying for Poland. On 25.08.1937 sentenced in Minsk to death — during a string of trials of c. 113 Poles — and murdered in prison in a mass execution.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ANDREKUS Constantine, AWGŁO Peter, BOROWIK John, FILIPP Adolph, JACZEJKO Anthony, JAROSZEWICZ Stanislaus, KASZCZYC Adolph, KAZIUNAS Paul, PRYTUŁŁO Alexander, RAJKO Stanislaus, CHODNIEWICZ Paul, CHWIEĆKO Lucian, EJSMONT Stanislaus, RUTKOWSKI Francis, TROJGO John, WASILEWSKI Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Judicial murders 1937 Minsk: In 1937 and 1938, during so‑called „Polish operation” — Russian genocide of Polish citizens in Russia — In Minsk, more precisely: in Belarus, a number of trials of Poles, accused of membership of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8) and espionage for Poland. Altogether from 08.1937 till 09.1938 in Belarus 23,429 people, including 21,407 Poles, were arrested. Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts had mainly one sentence in their books: death by execution (in Ukraine alone during whole „ Polish operation” 61.77% of sentences were death sentences). Among others on 25.08.1937 in Minsk at least 7 Polish priests were sentenced to death: Fr Constantine Andrekus, Fr Peter Awgło, Fr John Borowikiem, Fr Peter Janukowicz, Fr Anthony Jaczejko, Fr. Alexander Prytułło and Fr Stanislaus Rajko. On 20.10.1937 in Vitebsk Fr. Adolph Fillip was tried. On 22.10.1937 Fr Paul Kaziunas was sentenced. On the same day in Orsha Russians sentenced to death Fr Adolph Kaszczyc. And finally on 03.01.1938 Fr Stanislaus Jaroszewicz was tried. All were murdered in Russian prisons. (more on: pamiec.pl [access: 2019.02.02])

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Moscow (Lefortovo): Prison in Moscow where Russians held many political prisoners. During big purge of 1936=9 used for interrogations and torture. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22])

Trial of 21-25.03.1923: Show trial against abp John Cieplakow, 14 Catholic priest and one lay Catholic held on 21‑25.03.1923 in Moscow accused of „participation in a counter–revolutionary organization aiming at counter–acting the decree on the separation of the church from the state”, of „incitement to rebellion by superstition”. Abp Cieplak and Fr Budkiewicz were sentence to death, the others got from 6 months to 10 years of prison or slave labour. Fr Budkiewicz was murdered in prison. Abp Cieplak’s sentence was subsequently reduced to 10 months of slave labour and he was exchanged for Russian spies in Poland among whom was Bolesław Bierut, future first Russian governor in comi‑nazi Poland, conquered in 1945 by Russia. Most of the other accused were exchanged for Russian spies as well and went to Poland. At least five however did not return from prisons, concentration camps and exile, among them Fr Leonidas Fiodorov, first Greek–Catholic exarch in Russia, who in 2001 was beatified by pope John Paul II. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22])

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2014.12.20], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09], cyclowiki.org [access: 2019.02.02]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.sosnowiecfakty.pl [access: 2014.11.28], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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