• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

AWGŁO

surname
versions/aliases

AUGŁA, AUGLYS

forename(s)

Peter (pl. Piotr)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Petras

  • AWGŁO Peter - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAWGŁO Peter
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]
Minsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

canon (Mogilev cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

11.05.1861

Unguriai (Taujėnai eldership, Ukmergė region, Lithuania)

alt. dates and places of birth

09.06.1861

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1887 (Sankt Petersburg)

positions held

dean of Moscow deanery, parish priest of cathedral parish in Mogilev (1928‑37), f. vicar general to Apostolic administrator in Mogilev (till c. 1933), f. administrator of St Barbara in Vitebsk (1925‑7), Visitation of the Holy Mary in Sankt Petersburg (1924) parishes, f. minister of St Francis parish in Sankt Petersburg (from 1916), f. parish priest of Smoleńsk parish (1897‑1913), f. dean of Klimowice–Mścisław deanery (1896‑7), f. administrator of Mścisław parish (1896‑7), f. vicar of Mścisław (1887‑1896), Dyneburg/Dźwińsk (1887) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Metropolitan Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg (1882‑7)

date and place of death

27.08.1937

Minsk (Belarus)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After the end of the I World War, after Russian defeat in Polish–Russian war of 1920 and after creation of independent Lithuania remained in Soviet Russia. For the first time arrested by Russians in 1922 in Sankt Petersburg. Released. Arrested again in 1923, during trial of Abp John Cieplak and group of Catholic priests in Moscow, but released. In 1927 administrator of Mohylev and Minsk dioceses, bp Boleslaus Sloskāns, nominated him his successor. Next arrested a few time by Russians but released. Among others in 1927 in Vitebsk. Accused of spying for Poland. Held in Smoleńsk prison. After 6 months released. After arrest of bp Sloskāns in 1930 took up his duties. In 03.1930 pressured by murderous Russian OGPU agents issued a letter stating lack of religious persecution in Russia. Next however asked the Holy Father — through bp Pius Eugene Neveu, apostolic administrator in Moscow, living and officiating from French embassy in Moscow — for forgiveness, sent explanations and asked for dismissal from his post and was not relieved from his duties. Next asked to prepare a report about state of Catholic church in Russia and sent it to bp Neveu, Card. Alexander Kakowski, Warsaw Archbishop, Abp Eduard von Ropp, former Mohylev Archbishop. Report was captured by OGPU. On 16.06.1936 OGPU demanded from him to stop his activities. Refused. Finally arrested on 13.06.1937 in Mogilev. Tortured. Russian genocidal OGPU interrogators told him: „We have decided to eliminate you and be convinced that that’s what is going to happen. To save us from resorting to violence please eliminate yourself”. On 25.08.1937 sentenced to death. Murdered in Minsk prison.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ANDREKUS Constantine, BOROWIK John, FILIPP Adolph, JACZEJKO Anthony, JANUKOWICZ Peter, JAROSZEWICZ Stanislaus, KASZCZYC Adolph, KAZIUNAS Paul, PRYTUŁŁO Alexander, RAJKO Stanislaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Judicial murders 1937 Minsk: In 1937 and 1938, during so‑called „Polish operation” — Russian genocide of Polish citizens in Russia — In Minsk, more precisely: in Belarus, a number of trials of Poles, accused of membership of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8) and espionage for Poland. Altogether from 08.1937 till 09.1938 in Belarus 23,429 people, including 21,407 Poles, were arrested. Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts had mainly one sentence in their books: death by execution (in Ukraine alone during whole „ Polish operation” 61.77% of sentences were death sentences). Among others on 25.08.1937 in Minsk at least 7 Polish priests were sentenced to death: Fr Constantine Andrekus, Fr Peter Awgło, Fr John Borowikiem, Fr Peter Janukowicz, Fr Anthony Jaczejko, Fr. Alexander Prytułło and Fr Stanislaus Rajko. On 20.10.1937 in Vitebsk Fr. Adolph Fillip was tried. On 22.10.1937 Fr Paul Kaziunas was sentenced. On the same day in Orsha Russians sentenced to death Fr Adolph Kaszczyc. And finally on 03.01.1938 Fr Stanislaus Jaroszewicz was tried. All were murdered in Russian prisons. (more on: pamiec.pl [access: 2019.02.02])

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Trial of 21-25.03.1923: Show trial against abp John Cieplakow, 14 Catholic priest and one lay Catholic held on 21‑25.03.1923 in Moscow accused of „participation in a counter–revolutionary organization aiming at counter–acting the decree on the separation of the church from the state”, of „incitement to rebellion by superstition”. Abp Cieplak and Fr Budkiewicz were sentence to death, the others got from 6 months to 10 years of prison or slave labour. Fr Budkiewicz was murdered in prison. Abp Cieplak’s sentence was subsequently reduced to 10 months of slave labour and he was exchanged for Russian spies in Poland among whom was Bolesław Bierut, future first Russian governor in comi‑nazi Poland, conquered in 1945 by Russia. Most of the other accused were exchanged for Russian spies as well and went to Poland. At least five however did not return from prisons, concentration camps and exile, among them Fr Leonidas Fiodorov, first Greek–Catholic exarch in Russia, who in 2001 was beatified by pope John Paul II. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.22])

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2014.12.20], www.vle.lt [access: 2018.09.02], angelorum.lt [access: 2018.09.02], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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