• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

BOROWIK

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • BOROWIK John - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBOROWIK John
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]

academic distinctions

theology candidate

date and place of birth

1877

Kaunas (Lithuania)

alt. dates and places of birth

1903

positions held

parish priest of St Rock (Holy Trinity) parish on Golden Hill in Minsk (1933‑7), administrator of Exultation of the Holy Cross church in Minsk (1933‑7), f. administrator of Holy Trinity in Sienno in Sienno deanery (1929‑33), St Anthony of Padua in Tołoczyn in Sienno deanery (1925‑33), Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Faszczówka in Mogilev deanery (from 1911) parishes, f. administrator (1905‑10) and vicar (1904‑5) of Przydrujsk parish in Dryssa–Siebież deanery, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Academy in Sankt Petersburg, Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg (till c. 1903)

date and place of death

27.08.1937

Minsk (Belarus)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

Arrested by the Russians in 05.1937 in Minsk together with a larger group of Catholics. There jailed and tortured. Accused of leading a clandestine branch of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8) and spying for Poland. On 25.08.1937 sentenced to death — as part of a string of trials of c. 113 Poles. Murdered by Russians in Minsk prison.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ANDREKUS Constantine, AWGŁO Peter, FILIPP Adolph, JACZEJKO Anthony, JANUKOWICZ Peter, JAROSZEWICZ Stanislaus, KASZCZYC Adolph, KAZIUNAS Paul, PRYTUŁŁO Alexander, RAJKO Stanislaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Judicial murders 1937 Minsk: In 1937 and 1938, during so‑called „Polish operation” — Russian genocide of Polish citizens in Russia — In Minsk, more precisely: in Belarus, a number of trials of Poles, accused of membership of Polish Military Organisation POW (a clandestine Polish organization in Russia active during I World War in 1914‑8) and espionage for Poland. Altogether from 08.1937 till 09.1938 in Belarus 23,429 people, including 21,407 Poles, were arrested. Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts had mainly one sentence in their books: death by execution (in Ukraine alone during whole „ Polish operation” 61.77% of sentences were death sentences). Among others on 25.08.1937 in Minsk at least 7 Polish priests were sentenced to death: Fr Constantine Andrekus, Fr Peter Awgło, Fr John Borowikiem, Fr Peter Janukowicz, Fr Anthony Jaczejko, Fr. Alexander Prytułło and Fr Stanislaus Rajko. On 20.10.1937 in Vitebsk Fr. Adolph Fillip was tried. On 22.10.1937 Fr Paul Kaziunas was sentenced. On the same day in Orsha Russians sentenced to death Fr Adolph Kaszczyc. And finally on 03.01.1938 Fr Stanislaus Jaroszewicz was tried. All were murdered in Russian prisons. (more on: pamiec.pl [access: 2019.02.02])

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

sources

personal:
www.ofiaryterroru.pl [access: 2019.02.02], katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2014.12.20], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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