• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • WENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian, source: www.vox-populi.com.ua, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian
    source: www.vox-populi.com.ua
    own collection
  • WENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • WENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian; source: Bogdan Prach, „Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian
    source: Bogdan Prach, „Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015
    own collection
  • WENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian, source: newsaints.faithweb.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian
    source: newsaints.faithweb.com
    own collection
  • WENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWENHRYNOWICZ Stephen Emilian
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

WENHRYNOWICZ

forename(s)

Stephen Emilian (pl. Szczepan Emilian)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Stephen Omelian (pl. Stepan Omelian)

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01]

honorary titles

canon (Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place of birth

07.04.1897

Chyrzynka-Chyrzyna
Przemyśl Cou., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of birth

08.01.1897

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

16.10.1921 (Greek Catholic Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

minister of clandestine Greek Catholic church in Sambir (1946‑50), f. pro–synodal judge (from 1943), f. member of consistory of Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna (from 1942), f. catechist in Sanok (1927‑46) — at Private Coed Merchant's Gymnasium of the Polish Teachers' Union, Municipal Private Female Teachers' Seminary, State Men's Gymnasium (1933‑5), f. deputy director (1928‑39) and cofounder of „Lemkivshchyna” Museum in Sanok, f. chairman and member of the board of „Narodnyj dim” society in Sanok, f. prefect and teacher at Ivan Franko gymnasium in Drohobych (1921‑7), f. teacher at Ivan Franko gymnasium in Drohobych (1920‑1), f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminaries in Przemyśl (1920), Lviv (1915‑8), married with two children

date and place of death

19.06.1954

Dzhonka
Nanaysky reg., Khabarovsk Krai, Russia

cause of death

extermination

details of death

After the end of I World War, from 11.1918, soldier of the Ukrainian Galician Army UGA (artillery gunner prob. at 7th Infantry Brigade). Interned by Polish authorities in Stryi (captured on 20.05.1919 by Polish troops). During transport to Tuchola internment camp escaped from a running train n. Żurawica village n. Przemyśl. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, lived in Sanok, on the left bank of San river, under German occupation (Sanok on the right bank of San from 1939 was occupied by the Russians). Supported Ukrainian National Council in Sank, collaborating with Germans. Yet after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, arrested on 14.09.1941 by the Germans. Till mid 10.1941 held in Sanok jail. From 05.1943 chaplain to the Ukrainian 15th Grenadiers Division SS–Galizien, fighting alongside Germans. After German defeat and start in 1944 of another Russian occupation deported in 01.1946 from Sanok (then in Russian–run Polish republic prl) — during arrest beaten on 20.01.1946 by Polish Commie–Nazi soldiers — to Sambir (in Russian occupied Ukraine). Refused to convert to Russian Orthodoxy. Thus after formal dissolution of Greek Catholic Church by the Russians (on 08—10.03.1946 during so‑called Lviv pseudo–council) and its incorporation into Russian Orthodox Church worked as a janitor in local historical Sambir museum (1946‑50). At the same time however clandestinely ministered to Greek Catholic faithful. On 27.03.1950 arrested by the Russian MVD (successor to the genocidal NKVD), together with his wife. For „nationalist activity” and „support of illegal Greek Catholic Church against Orthodox Church” sentenced on 22.04.1950 for deportation. On 04.06.1950 transported to Khabarovsk Krai in Sibera in Russia. There slaved as a carpenter, but secretly ministering to faithful deportees. There perished from heart attack.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ANDREJCZUK Peter, DIAK Basil, DOBRIAŃSKI Nicholas, HAJDIUK Michael, HAJDIUK Michael, HOŁOWACZ Nicholas, HORECZKO Michael, LESZCZUK Joseph, KOSTYSZYN Vladimir, LISKIEWICZ Nicholas, ŁEMCIO Vladimir, NIMYŁOWICZ Demetrius, SZAŁASZ Steven, SZCZYRBA Yaroslav, SZEWCZUK Basil, SZUMIŁO Rostislav, WEŁYCZKO Michael, WENHRYNOWICZ Orestes, WENHRYNOWICZ Vladimir, ZAWOROTIUK Michael, KRIL Michael, NICZAJ Stephen, WOROBIJ Michael

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Volyn genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.21], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2014.03.21], magazine.lds.lviv.ua [access: 2014.03.21]
bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015
original images:
www.vox-populi.com.ua [access: 2015.03.01], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2020.04.04], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2014.03.21], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2020.04.04]

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