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05-507 Słomczyn
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Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • HRUSZKIEWICZ Theodore; source: Bogdan Prach, „Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHRUSZKIEWICZ Theodore
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surname

HRUSZKIEWICZ

forename(s)

Theodore (pl. Teodor)

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place of birth

05.12.1885

Drohobych (Lviv oblast, Ukraine)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

30.08.1908 (Greek Catholic Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

parish priest (1918‑46) and administrator (1917‑8) of Smilna parish in Staryi Sambir deanery, f. minister of Nahuievychi parish in Mokryany deanery (1915‑7), f. parish priest (1913‑5) and administrator (1913) of Porychchya Gruntove parish in Horodok deanery, f. vicar of Podemszczyzna parish in Lubaczów deanery (1912‑3), f. administrator of Krupec parish in Potelych deanery (1911‑2), f. vicar of Galivka in Zhukotin deanery (1909‑11), Ulychne in Drohobych deanery (1909), Mikhaylevichi in Drohobych deanery (1908‑9), f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminaries in Przemyśl (1907‑8), Lviv (1904‑7), married with one son

date and place of death

20.05.1950

Abez (MinLag labour camp, Komi rep., Russia)

cause of death

extermination

details of death

In 1919, during Polish–Russian war of 1918‑9, interned by Polish authorities in Dąbie internment camp n. Cracow. By Polish authorities considered „a Ukrainian chauvinist, sluggish and secretive, harmful”. After the end of the military hostilities of the II World War, started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, after German defeat and start in 1944 of another Russian occupation signed on 20.10.1945 a declaration of conversion to Orthodox church, as a member of so‑called „initiative group”. Next however refused to attend so‑called Lviv pseudo–council on 08—10.03.1946 that announced formal dissolution of Greek Catholic Church and its incorporation into Russian Orthodox Church. And on 14.02.1946 was promptly arrested by the Russian genocidal MVD (successor of genocidal NKVD) agents from Drohobych. Held in Pidbuzh and next from 25.02.1946 in Drohobych prison. Accused of „hostile attitude to the Russian authorities”, of „preaching more than once [during the German occupation of 1941‑4] from the pulpit with anti–Russian messages”, of „urging parishioners to submit contingents to the German army”, of „establishing [since 08.1944] close ties with Ukrainian genocidal organization” OUN/UPA”, of „hoarding of anti–Russian nationalist literature and Trizub sign”. On 05.06.1946 sentenced by Russian military summary kangaroo court to 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag. Till 22.06.1946 held in transit camp no 25 in Lviv. Next transported to Pidkamin. On 15.04.1947 moved to ITL–32 concentration camp. From 10.1948 prob. held in Stalino concentration camp, in a number of places n. Donetsk: in Yasynuvata (till 11.1948), TV–87 camp in Mykytivka (till 01.1959), Yenakieve (till 05.1949), Olyenyvski Kariery (till 11.1949). Next, till 01.1950, was held in Moscow. Finally transported to a concentration camp in Abez in Komi rep. (prob. part of a MinŁag group of concentration camps) where perished (suffering from pneumonia).

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ŁAKOTA Gregory, OLEŃSKI Peter (Fr Paul), OSADCA Michael

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Abez: Penal GUŁAG camp 274/17 „B” in a village Abez on Usa river, by the Pechorska train line (Kotlas—Vorkuta) in Russian Komi republic (beyond Arctic Circle) belonging to various complexes of slave labour concentration camps: SevPechLag (1940‑50), MinLag (1948‑57) and PechorLag (1950‑9). Prisoners slaved at coal transport form Vorkuta mines, goods shipments, aforementioned railway line construction, including bridge over Usa river. It contained a „central hospital” for those camps, including totally exhausted inmates of VorkutLag. (more on: zeslaniec.pl [access: 2013.08.10], gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.11.14])

MinLag: Special GULAG camp No1 — Mineral (MinLag) — in Russian Komi republic, with a centre in Inta (beyond Arctic Circle). Founded on 28.02.1948 on the territory formerly under IntaLag concentration camp control. Disbanded on 06.08.1957 (when was incorporated into PechorLag camp system). Prisoners slaved in coal mines, mining gold and quartz, at road construction, brick making, etc. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10], www.sciesielski.republika.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Stalino camps: Headquarters of a series of Russian slave labour concentration and POW camps, founded starting from 1942‑3, in Stalino (now Donetsk), centre of Donbas coal mining and steel making region in southern Ukraine. In 1944‑6 a control and filtration camp no 240 was set up and at the beginning of 1945 had c. sub camps, including in Yenakiyeve. POW camp no 280 was operational longer. Russians brought there internees from the regions captured by their army who had not managed to escape with withdrawing Germans, among others from Warmia. Most slaved in Donbas coal mines. Among those held were c. 4,782 soldiers of Polish Home Army AK and other independent resistance organizations (part of Polish Clandestine State). In 04‑05.1945 Russians sent tens of thousands of miners from Silesia to slave labour in Donbas mines — only some returned to Poland, 10 years later. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Lviv (transit prison no 25): Founded in the autumn of 1945 by Russian murderous MVD (successor of genocidal NKVD) in the former Lviv Jewish ghetto. One of the largest of its kind in Russia. 21 barracks, hospital and office bulding were constructed there. Prisoners had to wait from week to a year for transport to one of concentration camps Gulag. Closed down in 1955. (more on: www.territoryterror.org.ua [access: 2020.04.04])

Drohobych (prisons): Before the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939 a criminal prison functioned at Drohobych Truskawiecka Str. where c. 1,200‑1,500 inmates were held. After the start in 09.1939 of the first Russian occupation a new jail run by Russian NKVD genocidal organization was opened at Striyska Str. (by regional NKVD headquarters). There in 06.1941, after German attack of their erstwhile ally, Russians, NKVD perpetrated a genocidal massacre of prisoners. After German defeat and start in 1944 of another Russian occupation NKVD returned to the same buildings and again opened their jail, where hundreds and thousands of people suspected of not supporting Russia were held and interrogated. The jail was closed in 1959. The prison at Truskawiecka Str. however remained open throughout the II World War, both during Russian and German occupations, stayed open after the end of military hostilities and operates till today. (more on: btx.home.pl [access: 2020.04.04])

Volhynia genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volhynia and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volhynia, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])

sources

personal:
eehb.dspu.edu.ua [access: 2020.04.04], dlibra.kul.pl [access: 2019.12.26]
bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015

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