Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Boleslaus (pl. Bolesław)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
date and place of birth
Kończyny (Vilnius county)
presbyter (holy orders)/
minister of Orsza, Mohylew (till 1945), Bobrujsk (from 1944) parishes, f. parish priest of All Saints parish in Vilnius in Vilnius deanery (1936‑44), f. rector of St Bartholomew church in Vilnius in Vilnius deanery (1931‑6), f. dean of Grodno deanery and parish priest of pw. St Francis Xavier parish in Grodno (1927‑31), f. dean of Vawkavysk deanery and parish priest of Vawkavysk parish in Vawkavysk deanery (1921‑7), f. parish priest Kobryń parish (1920‑1), f. administrator of Skotniki parish in Koprzywnica deanery (1920), f. parish priest of Mary’s parish in Toronto in Canada (1916‑7), f. organizer and first parish priest of St. Catherine’s parish in Ontario in Canada (from 1914),. organizer and minister of Welland parish in Canada, f. parish priest of Lipniszki in Wiszniew deanery (1911‑4), Żołudek in Lida deanery (1907‑11), Żyrmunty in Oszmiana deanery (1904‑7) parishes, f. prefect of private gymnasium in Porozowa (1903‑4), f. chaplain and secretary of Bp Stephen Zwierowicz of Vilnius and Sandomierz dioceses (till 1903), f. professor of Theological Seminary in Vilnius (1897‑1901), f. student of Theological Academy in Sankt Petersburg (1894‑7), f. philosophy and theology student of Theological Seminary in Vilnius (1890‑4)
date and place of death
Verkhneuralsk (Chelyabinsk oblast, Russia)
cause of death
details of death
In 1902 accompanied Bp Stephen Zwierowicz deported by Russian Tsarist authorities to Tver. For admitting Orthodox parishioners to Catholic Church and organisation of Polish schools arrested by the Russians and in c. 1912 held for 13 months in Vilnius and Psków prisons. In 1914 forced to emigrate to Canada. In 1917 volunteered to Polish army being formed in France under gen. Haller, as chaplain prob. of 1st Division of Polish Riflemen. In the spring of 1919 returned with his army to Poland. Took part prob. in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9 and Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20, as a chaplain of prob. 13th Kresy Infantry Division of the Polish Army. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, sent by Abp Jałbrzykowski to minister to Minsk. After a week arrested by the Germans and transported back to Vilnius. There participated in efforts to help persecuted Jews. On 03.03.1942 arrested by the Germans again together with 28 professors and 81 seminarians of Theological Seminary in Vilnius and jailed in Łukiszki prison. Next on 29.03.1942 transported to Szałtupie concentration camp where held till mid 1944. After release moved in 09.1940 east to minister to Catholics in Russia, in the regions beyond pre‑war Polish border. On 14.12.1946 arrested by the Russians in Vilnius. Accused of conducting intelligence and anti–Russian activities. In 08.1947 sentenced to 5 years of slave labour in concentration camps — Gulag. Jailed in Stalinogorsk camp and prob. forced to slave labour at chromium mine in Bobrik Donskoj. Next transported to Włodzimierz on Klaźma prison. Finally moved to a solitary cell in Wierchniouralsk prison where perished.
camps (+ prisoner no)
Verkhneuralsk (prison): Hard–labour prison in Verkhneuralsk (Chelyabinsk oblast). Founded in 1914 during Tsarist regime. From 1925 a „politisolator” — prison for political prisoners — initially for prisoner from Solovetsky Islands. Run first by murderous OGPU and then by NKVD, and forming part of Russian system of slave labour Gulag. In 1948 rebranded as special prison. Political prisoners were held there till 1955. (more on: ru.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Vladimir (on Klaźma river): On of the harshest Russian prisons for political prisoners where dozens of catholic priest were held.
Szałtupie: Harsh concentration camp for Poles in Lithuania organised by Germans and run by Lithuanians.
Vilnius (Lukishki): Vilnius prison used both by Russians and Germans. Thousands of Poles were kept there. From 2,000 to 16,000 prisoners were jailed at any time there. In 06.1941, after German invasion, Russians murdered most of the prisoners.
03.03.1942 arrests (Vilnius): On 03.03.1942 in Vilnius Germans arrested 28 professors and 81 seminarians of Vilnius Theological Seminary, prob. denounced by the Lithuanians. All were locked in Łukiszki prison in Vilnius. Professors were on 18.03.1942 transported to Wyłkowyszki and interned there. In 10.1942 were subsequently sent to concentration camp (i.e. Szałtupie, Poniewieżyk). The seminarians were transported out on 04.05.1942 to Germany for slave labour (most of them escaped during the transport). Theological seminary was closed. Few weeks after Vilnius seminary arrests, on 26.03.1942 Germans arrested Vilnius religious friars and clerics (Jesuits and Missionary Fathers of St Vincent a Pauli, among others) who got exposed to the same prison treatment. (more on: www.tygodnik.lt [access: 2013.05.19])
Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.pl [access: 2013.08.31])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])
www.katolicy.eu [access: 2013.05.19], krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com [access: 2019.04.16]
„Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017
„Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
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