• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

PACEWSKI

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • PACEWSKI Anthony - Commemorative plaque, I Lyceum, Biała Podlaska, source: www.staszic.kylos.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPACEWSKI Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, I Lyceum, Biała Podlaska
    source: www.staszic.kylos.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Siedlce diocese
more on: diecezja.radiopodlasie.pl [access: 2012.12.28]

honorary titles

honorary canon
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

18.05.1942

TA Hartheim
Schloss Hartheim - Alkoven, Eferding dist., Górna Austria, Austria

alt. dates and places of death

25.06.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 04‑05.02.1941 in his parish in Międzyrzecz Podlaski — together with his vicar and organist — accused of anti–German clandestine conspiracy. Jailed in Castle prison in Lublin. On 06.04.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Next on 04.05.1941 moved to KL Dachau concentration camp. Finally — totally exhausted — transferred in a so‑called „Invalids’ transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

15.08.1884

Biała Podlaska
Biała Podlaska city pow., lubelskie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1911 (Lublin)

positions held

1933–1941 — parish priest {parish: Międzyrzec Podlaski, St Joseph Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary}
1924–1933 — vicar {parish: Międzyrzec Podlaski, St Nicholas}
1920–1924 — vicar {parish: Łuków, Exaltation of the Holy Cross}
1919–1920 — vicar {parish: Łuków, Transfiguration of the Lord}
1919 — administrator {parish: Ostrówki}
1919 — rector {church: Dołga}
1912–1919 — vicar {parish: Ryki}
from 1911 — vicar {parish: Żelechów}
till 1911 — student {Lublin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
student {Warsaw, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

KOMAR Stanislaus, KONIECZNY Julian, KOTLICKI Ignatius, KOTT Valentine, KOWALEWSKI Stanislaus, KOWALSKI John (Abp Mary Michael), KOWNACKI Martin Stanislaus, KOZANECKI Adam, KOŹBIAŁ Michael, KRAWCZYŃSKI Roman, KROPLEWSKI Albin John, KRUKOWSKI Joseph, KRUPCZYŃSKI Casimir Stanislaus, KUBIŃSKI Stanislaus, KUKLA Stanislaus, KULIŃSKI Steven, KUTZNER Leo, KWAŚKIEWICZ Leo Henry, KWIATKOWSKI Boleslaus, LEWANDOWSKI Francis, LUDWICZAK Anthony John, LUDWIK Joseph, LUDWIKIEWICZ Steven Ignatius, ŁABENTOWICZ Sigismund Peter, ŁASZKIEWICZ Stanislaus, MAJKOWSKI Hillary, MAKOWSKI Alexander, MARUSARZ Stanislaus, MATEUSZCZYK Theodore, MAZALON Benjamin Louis, MICHALEWSKI John, MICKIEWICZ Leo, MIJAKOWSKI Bogdan Joseph, MOKS Steven Andrew, MOSZCZEŃSKI Stanislaus, MREŁA Francis Xavier (Fr Sigismund), MŚCICHOWSKI Anthony, MULLER Joseph Stanislaus Kostka, MUSZYŃSKI Sigismund, NAPIERAŁA Francis, NIEDZIELA Joseph, NITECKI Anthony, NOAK Theodore, NOWAK Vincent, NOWICKI Felician, NOWICKI Joseph Henry, OGŁAZA Joseph Stanislaus, OPRZĄDEK John (Bro. Martin), ORYNT Peter, OSIŃSKI Henry, PABICH Stanislaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 25298): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 14498): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Lublin (Castle): German penal and detention centre. Approx. 40,000 Poles were kept there prior to transport to German concentration camps. After German expulsion in 1944 Russian prison and next prison run by UB, Polish branch of Russian NKVD where thousands of members of clandestine resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and National Armed Forces NSZ where jailed, tortured and murdered (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.org [access: 2012.11.23], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.05.30]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
www.staszic.kylos.pl [access: 2015.03.01]

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