• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John, source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - 1936, Dalki, source: cyra.wblogu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    1936, Dalki
    source: cyra.wblogu.pl
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John, source: centrum.diecezja.legnica.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    source: centrum.diecezja.legnica.pl
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John, source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection

surname

LUDWICZAK

forename(s)

Anthony John (pl. Antoni Jan)

  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, Gniezno, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, Gniezno
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, St Peter and St Paul church, Kostrzyń, source: www.parafia-kostrzyn.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, St Peter and St Paul church, Kostrzyń
    source: www.parafia-kostrzyn.pl
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, Chełmce, source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, Chełmce
    source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, Lubasz, source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, Lubasz
    source: www.wtg-gniazdo.org
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno; source: thanks to Mr. Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: thanks to Mr. Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno; source: thanks to Mr Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral, Gniezno
    source: thanks to Mr Jerzy Andrzejewski's kindness
    own collection
  • LUDWICZAK Anthony John - Commemorative plaque, Polish Parliament building, Warsaw, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLUDWICZAK Anthony John
    Commemorative plaque, Polish Parliament building, Warsaw
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)
more on: www.archpoznan.pl [access: 2012.11.23]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

16.05.1878

Kostrzyn (Poznań county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

13.12.1903 (Gniezno)

positions held

parish priest of Chełmce parish (1938‑9), founder and f. director of catholic Peoples’ University in Dalki n. Gniezno, first such in Poland (1921‑38), founder of Peoples’ Universities in Zagórze, Bolszewo and Odolanowo, f. director (in reborn Poland) and general secretary (in German–run Poland) of People’s Reading Society (1912‑33), f. member of Polish Legislative Parliament (1919‑22), f. parish priest of Pniewy parish (1912), f. vicar of Psarskie (1912), Ostrów (1910‑1), Ostrzeszów (1908‑10), Buk (1907‑8), Lubasz (1904‑7) parishes, founder and editor of „Children Friend” (1911‑7) and „Youth Friend” magazine (1911‑5), member of the Historical Committee of Friends of Science Society in Poznań, social and political activist

date and place of death

18.05.1942

TA Hartheim

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

details of death

During Polish children school strike in German–ruled part of Poland leader of children protest in Lubasz school in 1906‑7. Organiser of preparations to the Greater Poland Uprising (1918‑9) in Pniewy — founder of the Polish City Guard, insurgents’ unit, Red Cross unit and nurses group, insurgents’ chaplain, participant of Polish District Parliament in 12.1918 in Poznań. Leader of Warmia Plebiscite Committee in 1920‑2 during decision time about the fate of Warmia region. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 02.11.1939. Jailed in Inowrocław prison. On 05.11.1939 moved to Świecie prison (in f. psychiatric hospital) and next on 08.11.1939 to Górna Grupa transit camp. On 05.02.1940 transported to Neufahrwasser in Gdańsk transit camp and from there on 08.02.1940 to KL Stutthof concentration camp. Next on 09‑10.04.1940 moved to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally on 14.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp and from there — totally exhausted — in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center where murdered in a gas chamber.

alt. dates and places of death

17.06.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

CIEMNIAK Louis, DEMSKI Vladislav, FARULEWSKI Thaddeus, GOTOWICZ Louis, KOMPF January, KUBICKI Telesphorus, KUBSKI Stanislaus, ŁÓJ John, MATUSZEWSKI Francis, MĄKOWSKI John, MULLER Joseph Stanislaus Kostka, NIEMIR Joseph, POMIANOWSKI Vladislav, SCHOENBORN Steven, SKOWRON Casimir, STREHL Mieczyslav, SZUKALSKI John, WĄSOWICZ Sigismund, WŁODARCZYK Ignatius

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — the investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22576): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former olympic village from 1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27])

Świecie: Detention centre run by Germans. Most of the prisoners in 1939 Germans took to Mniszek‑Grupa and executed. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23])

Świecie (Institute): In the autumn of 1939 Germans— as part of „Aktion T4” program — murdered almost all patients from the Świecie psychiatric hospital. On 10‑17.09.1939 c. 1,000 patients were murdered in the forest by Mniszek village, in groups of 60. Among the victims were 120 children. C. 300 patients were transported to Kocborowo psychiatric hospital and murdered later in Szpęgawsk forest. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2015.05.09])

Inowrocław: German penal institution and investigative prison. In 1939 hundreds of Poles from Inowrocław and vicinity were jailed there — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes. By 11.1939 in the prison and its immediate surroundings approx. 546 Poles had been executed, among them 56 victims shot on the night of 22‑23.10.1939. Also later the prison was a place of Polish martyrology. After commencement of Russian occupation in 1945 Commi‑Nazi prison for women, among others. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.pl [access: 2013.05.19])

02.11.1939 arrests (Inowrocław): On c. 01.11.1939 Germans „invited” local priests from Inowrocław and vicinity for a meeting on 02.11.1939 to „discuss terms and condition of collaboration with new authorities”. All present — 39 priests — were arrested on the spot and sent to concentration camps and execution sites.

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.inowroclawfakty.pl [access: 2013.05.19], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Greater Poland Uprising: Military insurrection of Poles living in Posen Provinz (Eng. Poznań province) launched against German Reich in 1918‑9 aiming to incorporate lands captured by Prussia during partitions of Poland in XVIII century into Poland, reborn in 1918. Started on 27.12.1918 in Poznań and finished with total Polish victory on 16.02.1919 by a ceasefire in Trier. Many Polish priests took part in the Uprising, both as chaplains of the insurgents units and members and leaders of the Polish agencies and councils set up in the areas covered by the Uprising. In 1939 after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World war those priests were particularly persecuted by the Germans and majority of them were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.08.14])

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2013.05.19], bs.sejm.gov.pl [access: 2013.07.06], kruszwicahistoria.blogspot.com [access: 2016.05.30], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.05.30]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2015.09.30], cyra.wblogu.pl [access: 2016.05.30], centrum.diecezja.legnica.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2015.09.30], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.01.06], www.parafia-kostrzyn.pl [access: 2014.01.06], www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2013.05.19], www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2013.05.19], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2015.09.30]

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