• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian), source: www.franciszkanie-warszawa.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    source: www.franciszkanie-warszawa.pl
    own collection
  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian); source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
    own collection

surname

MIROCHNA

forename(s)

Steven Marian (pl. Stefan Marian)

religious forename(s)

Julian

  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian) - Commemorative plaque, Loretańska Str., Wojnicz (Tarnów county), source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    Commemorative plaque, Loretańska Str., Wojnicz (Tarnów county)
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian) - Monument to the NOB organisation, f. Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp, Poznań, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    Monument to the NOB organisation, f. Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp, Poznań
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian) - Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian)
    Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]

date and place of birth

31.08.1903

Bochnia
Bochnia pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

religious vows

26.10.1919 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

06.06.1926 (Kraków)

positions held

guardian of Kalisz monastery (1935‑40), f. friar of Łagiewniki n. Łódź monastery (1934‑5) — parish vicar, socius to the master of novices and retreat preacher, f. friar of Gniezno monastery (1931‑4) — monastery vicar, parish vicar, church Marian Choir director and retreat preacher, f. friar of Łagiewniki n. Łódź monastery (1929‑31) — prefect of parish school and retreat preacher, Jasło (1928‑9) — retreat preacher, f. friar of Horyniec–Zdrój monastery (1926‑8) — retreat preacher, f. theology and philosophy student at Franciscan Theological Seminary in Cracow (1920‑6), novitiate in Łagiewniki monastery (from 20.10.1918), in Order in Lviv monastery from 19.08.1918

date and place of death

07.07.1942

KL Posen
concentration camp, Poznań, Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion in 09.1939 of Poland and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation organiser — in Warthegau province, set up by the Germans in German occupied Greater Poland and directly incorporated into Germany — of Polish clandestine National Party (part of future Polish Clandestine State), nom‑de‑guerre „Kawka” („Jackdaw”). From 01.1940 leadership member of National Unity Organisation OJN in Kalisz, from autumn of 1940 part of National Fighting Organization NOB, lead from Poznań — among others as a director of clandestine Social Care Department. Listened to Western radio–broadcasts (possession of radio receivers was made by Germans illegal) and co–edited clandestine „National Unity” magazine. In 12.1940 arrests by Germans commenced — initially in Poznań, from 02.1941 in Kalisz. Germans tracked him down as well. In 02.1941 managed however to escape — in woman’s clothing — to the German–run General Governorate. Went into hiding in Warsaw under Anthony Lis name. Wanted by the Germans — for his address a bounty of 25,000 Deutsch marks was set aside — and as a result of German provocation was arrested in Warsaw on 21.11.1941. Held in Pawiak prison in Warsaw and next in 01.1942 moved — as a „citizen” of German state — back to Warthegau province and held in KL Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp. In Gestapo jail at Młyńska Str. in Poznań intensively interrogated and tortured (had arms broken). Beaten by dogs let loose. While in hospital — to be cured prior to next set of interrogations — held chained to the wall. Did not reveal anything. In the evening of 07.07.1942, at 20:00, driven out of KL Posen and during the night murdered together with c. 20 other Polish clandestine resistance activists, in a „forest n. Poznań”.

alt. dates and places of death

22.09.1942, 10.06.1943, 02—03.11.1943

Poznań
Poznań city pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

alt. details of death

According to some account hunged.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BARTCZAK Vladislav (Bro. Theodore), BINIEWICZ John, GOŁĘBIOWSKI Joseph, GORAJECKI Michael, HERBICH Henry Joseph Adam, ŁOPUSZYŃSKI Casimir Roman, MAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon), MOŻEJKO Joseph (Bro. Albert Mary), NIEWĘGŁOWSKI Stanislaus, NOWACKI Octavian Mieczyslav Boleslaus, ŚWIEŻEWSKI Casimir, ZABOROWICZ Stanislaus, ZAWADZKI Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Murder 07.07.1942 KL Posen: On 07.07.1942, at 20:00 in the evening, names of c. 20 Polish clandestine resistance leaders were called in from the cells of KL Posen concentration camp. All in handcuffs were driven out on the truck in unknown direction. Next day their clothes were returned to the prison warehouse. Among them was Graf Adolf Bniński, Catholic Action chairman and Chief Delegate of the Polish Government (then in exile) for Polish territories directly in 1939 incorporated into Germany, representing clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ (part of Polish Clandestine State), grouping such organisation as „Ojczyzna” („Homeland”), National Fighting Organisation NOB, Poznań Armed Organisation POZ, Greater Poland Military Organisation (WOW), Clandestine Polish Military Organisation (TPOW), territorially operation in Poznań district (roughly pre–war Poznań voivodeship). Also the name of Fr Stephen Maria Mirochna was called in. The command of Polish Clandestine State in Greater Poland Germans smashed in 09‑12.1941. The arrested were held in KL Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp in Poznań. There as direct result of German brutality few of the prisoners perished. At least one more was murdered during interrogations and tortures in Soldiers House and Młyńska Str. jail in Poznań. The place of death of the others driven out of KL Posen remain unknown. One of the Germans claimed that „they had died bravely, but had had the death worse than Christians during Nero time”. Thus one the version — unconfirmed — states that they were given to wild animals in Poznań animal park ZOO. Most likely they all were executed — without a trial, for German summary kangaroo courts started to function in Greater Poland from 08.1942 — in Stęszew forests, and in 1944 Germans dug out their bodies and burnt them. (more on: poznan.ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.04.16])

Poznań (Soldiers's House): From 12.09.1939 a Poznań prison for Poles, mainly those suspected of clandestine resistance activities, run by German Gestapo. Famed torture and interrogation centre. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Poznań (Młyńska str.): Detention centre run by Germans. Death sentences were carried out there, by guillotine and hanging. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05])

KL Posen: German Posen — Fort VII — camp founded in c. 10.10.1939 in Poznań till mid of 11.1939 operated formally as KL Posen concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager), and this term is used throughout the White Book, also later periods. It was first such a concentration camp set up by the Germans on Polish territory — in case of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) directly incorporated into German Reich. In 10.1939 in KL Posen for the first time Germans used gas to murder civilian population, in particular patients of local psychiatric hospitals. From 11.1939 the camp operated as German political police Gestapo prison and transit camp (Germ. Übergangslager), prior to sending off to concentration camps, such as KL Dachau or KL Auschwitz. In 28.05.1941 the camp was rebranded as police jail and slave labour corrective camp (Germ. Arbeitserziehungslager). At its peak up to 7‑9 executions were carried in the camp per day, there were mass hangings of the prisoners and some of them were led out to be murdered elsewhere, outside of the camp. Altogether in KL Posen Germans exterminated approx. 20,000 inhabitants of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) region, including many representatives of Polish intelligentsia, patients and staff of psychiatric hospitals and dozen or so Polish priests. Hundreds of priests were held there temporarily prior to transport to other concentration camps, mainly KL Dachau. From 03.1943 the camp had been transformed into an industrial complex (from 25.04.1944 — Telefunken factory manufacturing radios for submarines and aircrafts). (more on: www.wmn.poznan.pl [access: 2019.02.02], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.27])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

03.1941 arrests (Kalisz): In 02‑03.1941 in Kalisz and vicinity Germans conducted mass arrests of Poles (c. 400 people), under the pretext of a beating of German policeman local Polish population was blamed of. Among the apprehended were people (c. 85) suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance National Unity Organisation OJN, belonging to National Fighting Organization NOB (part of Polish Clandestine State). Among those arrested on 04‑06.03.1941 were at least 9 priests and 4 religious friars and many of their parishioners. At least two of them were subsequently tried by German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) and sentenced to death. 204 prisoners among whom 65 were linked to OJN activities were on 02.05.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Only 34 survived. All the arrested priests and friars perished. In retribution Germans prohibited activities of Conventual Franciscans in Warthegau province (Greater Poland). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14], www.info.kalisz.pl [access: 2016.03.14])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.franciszkanie-warszawa.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.archiwum.kalisz.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.panstwo.net [access: 2019.04.16], prawy.pl [access: 2019.04.16], poznan.ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.04.16]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Patriot till the end”, Mr Raphael Sierchuła, „New State”, 11/2018
„Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
original images:
www.franciszkanie-warszawa.pl [access: 2018.11.18], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2019.04.16], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.01.16], www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at Wikipedia, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: MIROCHNA Steven Marian

To return to the biography press below: