• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

MAKOWSKI

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

religious forename(s)

Simon (pl. Szymon)

  • MAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • MAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • MAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon) - Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMAKOWSKI Francis (Bro. Simon)
    Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]

date and place of birth

23.01.1901

Świeryż
Łowicz Cou., Łódź voiv., Poland

religious vows

19.10.1928 (last)

positions held

friar of Kalisz monastery (1930‑41) — sacristan, friar of Łagiewniki monastery (1925‑30), novitiate in Łagiewniki monastery, in Order from 01.09.1935

date and place of death

20.10.1943

AL Zweibrücken
Zweibrücken, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

cause of death

extermination

details of death

After German and Russian invasion in 09.1939 of Poland and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, during arrests — in Warthegau province, set up by the Germans in German occupied Greater Poland and directly incorporated into Germany — of members of clandestine National Fighting Organization NOB (from 12.1940 in Poznań, from 02.1941 in Kalisz) arrested on 28.02.1941 with other 3 friars residing in Kalisz monastery: Bro Vladislaus Bartczak, Bro Joseph Możejko and Fr Henry Herbich. Held in Kalisz prison. On 17.10.1941 together with Bro Vladislaus Bartczak and Bro Joseph Możejko sentenced by German summary court (Sondergericht) in Kalisz to two years in prison. Next in 11.1941 moved to Sieradz prison and from there on 18.11.1941 transported to AL Zweibrücken camp (sub–camp of KL Hinzert concentration camp) where perished.

alt. dates and places of death

10.06.1943, 30.09.1943

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BARTCZAK Vladislav (Bro. Theodore), BINIEWICZ John, GOŁĘBIOWSKI Joseph, GORAJECKI Michael, HERBICH Henry Joseph Adam, ŁOPUSZYŃSKI Casimir Roman, MIROCHNA Steven Marian (Fr Julian), MOŻEJKO Joseph (Bro. Albert Mary), NIEWĘGŁOWSKI Stanislaus, NOWACKI Octavian Mieczyslav Boleslaus, ŚWIEŻEWSKI Casimir, ZABOROWICZ Stanislaus, ZAWADZKI Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Hinzert: German concentration camp in Rhineland–Palatinate in Germany, b. Hinzert–Pölert village, operational in 1939‑45. Altogether c. 13,600 prisoners, from many European countries, were held there — and its c. 20 sub–camps. For some of them the camp were used as a transit stop prior to being sent to other camps. Some slaved at motorways’ construction, airports’ maintenance, drainage of swamps and forests’ clearances. C. 200 perished, including c. 41 Poles. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16])

Sieradz: Detention centre and prison run by Germans. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Kalisz: German political police Gestapo detention centre and prison organized by Germans in the building of a former public school at contemporaty 3rd May Str. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

03.1941 arrests (Kalisz): In 02‑03.1941 in Kalisz and vicinity Germans conducted mass arrests of Poles (c. 400 people), under the pretext of a beating of German policeman local Polish population was blamed of. Among the apprehended were people (c. 85) suspected of participation in Polish clandestine resistance National Unity Organisation OJN, belonging to National Fighting Organization NOB (part of Polish Clandestine State). Among those arrested on 04‑06.03.1941 were at least 9 priests and 4 religious friars and many of their parishioners. At least two of them were subsequently tried by German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) and sentenced to death. 204 prisoners among whom 65 were linked to OJN activities were on 02.05.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Only 34 survived. All the arrested priests and friars perished. In retribution Germans prohibited activities of Conventual Franciscans in Warthegau province (Greater Poland). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14], www.info.kalisz.pl [access: 2016.03.14])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.ksiegazmarlych.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2013.01.13]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11]

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