• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KOTWICKI John, source: www.kchodorowski.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOTWICKI John
    source: www.kchodorowski.republika.pl
    own collection

surname

KOTWICKI

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • KOTWICKI John - Grave plaque, parish church, Chrynów, source: wolyn1943.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOTWICKI John
    Grave plaque, parish church, Chrynów
    source: wolyn1943.pl
    own collection
  • KOTWICKI John - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Kałków-Godów, source: www.stowarzyszenieuozun.wroclaw.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOTWICKI John
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Kałków-Godów
    source: www.stowarzyszenieuozun.wroclaw.pl
    own collection
  • KOTWICKI John - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Czerwona Woda, source: wegliniec.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOTWICKI John
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Czerwona Woda
    source: wegliniec.pl
    own collection
  • KOTWICKI John - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOTWICKI John
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]

date and place of birth

03.10.1898

Szyjecka Buda (Zhytomyr oblast, Ukraine)

alt. dates and places of birth

10.10.1898

Szedska Buda

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1922 (Gniezno)

positions held

parish priest of Khryniv parish in Volodymyr–Volynskyi deanery (1942‑3), f. resident in Kovel serving as a minister at Ratno, Buceń, Zabłocie, Niesuchojeże parishes in Kamień Koszyrski deanery (1941‑2), f. parish priest of Sokul in Kolki deanery, Wishohorodok in Krzemieniec deanery (1936‑8), Byalozorka in Krzemieniec deanery (1935‑6), Sofijvka in Lutsk deanery (1931‑4) parishes, f. administrator of Zasmyki parish (1930‑1), f. vicar of Kovel (1930‑1), Rivne (1929‑30), cathedral in Zhytomyr (1922‑4) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Gniezno (till 1922), Ołyka and Zhytomyr (from 1917)

date and place of death

11.07.1943

Khryniv (form. Volodymyr-Volynskyi county, Ukraine)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After ordination crossed over the border to Russia illegally and returned to his homeland and his Zhytomyr diocese. For the first time arrested by Russians on 04.11.1923, together with Fr Andrew Fedukowicz and Fr Anthony Traczyński among others, and accused of membership of „White Eagle”, clandestine Polish resistance organization, and espionage for Poland. Released on 25.12.1923. Few months later, on 09.05.1924, arrested in Zhytomyr again. Held in Zhytomyr prison. During interrogations fell sick and was put in prison hospital. Next transferred to Kharkiv prison. There on 22.09.1925 tried by Russians and sentenced to three years in Russian slave labour concentration camps (future Gulag). On 12.01.1926 transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. From there in 05.1927 moved to Butyrki prison in Moscow. On 22.07.1927 released but forbidden to settle in a number of large cities and the regions they were capital of and in the areas near the border. Moved to Nieżyn in Czernihowszczyzna. On 03.01.1928 exchanged for Russian spies in Poland. Settled in Łuck diocese. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War murdered during the genocide perpetrated by Ukrainians, known as „Volhynia genocide” — during an attack on the church, when celebrating Holy Mass shot by Ukrainians from the genocidal OUN/UPA organization, together with a group of women, when attempting to escape through the vestry. During the attack on the Khryniv village Ukrainians murdered c. 150 Poles shooting at c. 200 parishioners congregated in the church from automatic machine guns. Week later Ukrainians burnt all the building and church in the village to the ground — today Khryniv does not exist.

perpetrators

Ukrainians

others related in death

FEDUKOWICZ Andrew, TRACZYŃSKI Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Volhynia genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, supported by local Ukrainians, murdered — often in a very brutal way — in Volhynia and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all of the civilians, women, children, old and young, men. This Ukrainian genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, in many cases collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. During this Polish holocaust more than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This genocide ended up in total elimination of Poles from Ukraine and also expulsion of Ukrainians from contemporary eastern‑southern Poland by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces and from western Ukraine by Russians in „Vistula Action”. (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Moscow (Butyrki): Harsh transit and interrogation prison in Moscow — for political prisoners — where Russians held and murdered thousands of Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Kharkiv: On 05.04‑12.05.1940 Russians executed in Charków approx. 3,800 Polish prisoners of war (POW) kept in Starobielsk concentration camp. This was a fulfillment of Russian Commie–Nazi government decision — Political Bureau of the Russian Commie–Nazi party of 05.03.1940 — to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and POWs held in prisoners of war camps (Polish holocaust) after German–Russian alliance, Russian invasion of Poland and start of II World War in 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Zhytomyr (prison): Russian investigative prison known for cruel interrogation methods used by the Russians. Execution site as well.

sources

personal:
www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], nawolyniu.pl [access: 2013.01.06], www.niedziela.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.kchodorowski.republika.pl [access: 2013.01.26], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.05.09], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.kchodorowski.republika.pl [access: 2013.01.26], wolyn1943.pl [access: 2013.12.04], www.stowarzyszenieuozun.wroclaw.pl [access: 2014.01.16], wegliniec.pl [access: 2014.10.31], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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