• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • HAROŃSKI Leo, source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    source: www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl
    own collection
  • HAROŃSKI Leo, source: www.sjozef.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    source: www.sjozef.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

HAROŃSKI

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

  • HAROŃSKI Leo - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • HAROŃSKI Leo - Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str., source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHAROŃSKI Leo
    Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str.
    source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

Cross on the Silesian Ribbon of Valor and Merit

date and place of birth

05.09.1899

Królewska Huta (Chorzów)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

24.08.1928

positions held

administrator of St Martin parish Leszna Górna (1933‑9), f. vicar of Exhultation of the Holy Cross in Brzeziny (1933), St George in Dębieńsk (1933), Holiest Heart of Jesus in Niedobczyce (1932‑3), St Bartholomew the Apostle in Bieruń Stary (1930‑2), St Adalbert in Radzionków (1929‑30), Mother of God Mediatrix of Graces and St Anthony in Jedłownik (1928‑9), Blessed Virgin Mary Queen of Poland in Czechowice (1928‑9) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Silesia Higher Theological Seminary in Cracow (1924‑8), f. theology and philosophy student at Higher Theological Seminary in Kielce (1923‑4), f. worker at mine directorate in Knurów (1922‑3), f. Polish language teacher in Przyszowice, Knurów i Gierałtowice (villages n. Gliwice)

date and place of death

22.02.1940

KL Buchenwald

cause of death

murder

details of death

At the end of I World War drafted into German army. Took part in war in Lithuania on the German eastern front and in Belgium — on Western front. After demobilization in 1918, after rebirth of Poland, activist of Polish Plebiscite Committee with HQ in Bytom — in preparation to the plebiscite that was to decide state fate of Upper Silesia. Worek as a Polish language teacher in villages n. Gliwice. Was a co‑organiser of Polish I Silesian Uprising (16‑24.08.1919) in Ruda Śląska. Arrested by the agents of German Grenzschutz Ost paramilitary voluntary organization opposing the separation of Eastern lands from Germany. Held in Żory and Gliwice prisons. Released. Reverted to his work for Polish Plebiscite Committee. In 1920—1921 took part in Polish efforts in Przyszowice, Gierałtowice and Knurów where taught. After the plebiscite on 20.03.1921 participant of Polish III Silesian Uprising (02.05‑05.07.1921). Participant of Silesia uprisings. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested on 15.10.1939 by the Germans. Jailed in turn in Nieborowice, Gliwice and Rawicz prisons. On 16.10.1939 transported to KL Buchenwald concentration camp where slaved in quarries. Severely beaten up by the camp’s barber. Taken to camp's „hospital” and murdered prob. by phenol injection.

alt. details of death

According to some sources after arrest held also in Cieszyn prison.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BUKOWSKI Leopold, DOMERACKI Joseph, DRWAL Francis, DRWĘSKI Stanislaus (Bro. Felician), GLAKOWSKI Stanislaus, HANKE Francis, HUWER Joseph, KULISZ Charles, KUPILAS Francis, LANGNER Herbert, PANKOWSKI Marian, POLEDNIA Paul, ROGACZEWSKI Adalbert Theophilus, SCHULZ Joseph Valentine, SEKRECKI Henry, STOCK Joseph, GÓREK Francis, ROBOTA Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Buchenwald: In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: www.buchenwald.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Rawicz: German penal institution and investigative prison. After cessation of war campaigns a prison run by commi–nazi Russian occupiers. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Gliwice: Detention centre run by Germans. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Nieborowice: In 1939 Germans set up in Nieborowice transit camp for Polish soldiers, activists and former Silesian Uprising participants, recorded on their proscription lists. 2,000 of them died there of subsequently during II World War — some murdered in the camp itself, for instance c. 18 Poles during so‑called „bloody night” of 05‑06.09.1939. (more on: pppilchowice.pilchowice.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.05.25])

sources

personal:
encyklo.pl [access: 2012.11.23], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2014.01.06]
original images:
www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl [access: 2017.11.07], www.sjozef.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06], www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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