• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

BUKOWSKI

forename(s)

Leopold

  • BUKOWSKI Leopold - Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow; source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBUKOWSKI Leopold
    Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz
    own collection
  • BUKOWSKI Leopold - Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow; source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBUKOWSKI Leopold
    Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Cracow archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

26.12.1894

Maruszyna (Nowy Targ county)

alt. dates and places of birth

26.11.1894

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

29.06.1922

positions held

parish priest of Krzeczów parish (1935‑43), f. vicar of Więcławice (1928‑35), Bodzanów (1928), Niepołomice (1927‑8), Jaworzno (1927), Osiek (1922‑6) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Cracow (1918‑22)

date and place of death

15.04.1945

KL Sachsenhausen

cause of death

extermination

details of death

During I World War soldier no 3159 — from 1914 — of the 12th Company 3rd Infantry Regiment of Polish Legions in Austro–Hungarian army. Took part in Carpathian mountains campaign. On 02.1915 wounded at Nadwórna battle. On 05.07.1916 captured by the Russians in Wołczeck and held POW. Released in 03.1918. In 1920 took part with other seminarians from Theological Seminary in Cracow in Polish–Russians war. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested on 20.06.1943 by the Germans during the pacification of Krzeczów together with his vicar, Fr Francis Czubin, among others (Fr Czubin was executed on the spot). Accused of hiding church bells Germans ordered to be handed in and melted for weaponry production. Taken to Zakopane prison and from there to Montelupich Str. prison in Cracow. On 20.07.1943 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. From there on c. 24.06.1944 transferred to KL Buchenwald concentration camp. On 28.10.1944 registered in KL Mittelbau–Dora concentration camp. Prob. perished during evacuation of KL Mittelbau–Dora concentration camp — at the beginning of 04.1945 forced by Germans onto cattle track trains and forwarded towards KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Perished on the way and was registered as a victim of KL Sachsenhausen camp.

alt. dates and places of death

KL Buchenwald
KL Mittelbau-Dora

alt. details of death

Perished as a victim of one of two concentration camps — KL Buchenwald or KL Mittelbau–Dora (both liberated by American troops on 11.04.1945). Prob. at the beginning of 04.1945 forced in KL Mittelbau–Dora by Germans onto cattle track trains and forwarded towards other concentration camps: KL Bergen–Belsen, KL Sachsenhausen, KL Ravensbrück or KL Neuengamme. On the way perished. Could also had been forced to march on foot from KL Mittelbau–Dora and perish in Gardelegen, for instance, where Germans burnt on 13.04.1945 c. 1,016 prisoners, mainly Poles, in a barn.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

DAŃKOWSKI Peter Edward, CZUBIN Francis, DOMERACKI Joseph, DROŹDZIK Peter, DRWAL Francis, DRWĘSKI Stanislaus (Bro. Felician), GLAKOWSKI Stanislaus, HANKE Francis, HAROŃSKI Leo, HUWER Joseph, KULISZ Charles, KUPILAS Francis, LANGNER Herbert, PANKOWSKI Marian, POLEDNIA Paul, PRZYWARA Peter, ROGACZEWSKI Adalbert Theophilus, ROZMUS Vincent, SCHULZ Joseph Valentine, SEKRECKI Henry, SOSIN Joseph, STASZEWSKA Helen (Sr Mary Clementa), STOCK Joseph, SZEMBEK Francis Vladimir, SZOTT Francis

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former olympic village from 1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Mittelbau-Dora: Concentration camp operational from 08.1943 till the end of II World War, set up to provide the slave workforce for an underground military factory “Mittelwerk” Mittelwerk — in tunnels of Kohnstein mountain n. Nordhausen town V‑1 and V‑2 rockets were manufactured — initially as a sub‑camp of KL Buchenwald concentration camp (till summer 1944). Approx. 20,000 prisoner perished, among whom 10,000 during camp evacuation (“death marches”), and 1,200 during allied bombardments. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 62540): In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: www.buchenwald.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 130365): German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Cracow (Montelupich): Cracow penal prison run by the Germans. In 1940‑4 Germans jailed there approx. 50,000 prisoners, mainly Poles and Jews. Some of them were transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, some were executed. After cease in war effort the prison was used by UB — a Polish unit of Russian NKVD — as a prison for Polish independence resistance fighters, some of which were subsequently sent to prisons and slave labour camps in Russia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Zakopane - Palace: Penal institution and investigative prison set up by German political police Gestapo in „Palace” guesthouse in renown spa Zakopane at the foot of Tatra mountains. Functioned from the start of German occupation in 10.1939 to 01.1945. Place of mass executions and cruel tortures — the victims were beaten, tormented, hanged — of scores of Poles. It is estimated that c. 2,000 inmates were held captive in „Palace” prison 400 of which were murdered by the Germans — some in the prison itself, others at the local Dry Valley (pl. Sucha Dolina) cemetery. Most of the others were sent to German concentration camps, mainly KL Auschwitz, were the majority perished. (more on: z-ne.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.org [access: 2012.11.23], polacywberlinie.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.straty.pl [access: 2015.04.18], wykaz.muzeumpilsudski.pl [access: 2018.04.02]

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