• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • PRZYWARA Peter - 14.06.1940, Olszówka, source: www.wr.rabka-net.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPRZYWARA Peter
    14.06.1940, Olszówka
    source: www.wr.rabka-net.pl
    own collection

surname

PRZYWARA

forename(s)

Peter (pl. Piotr)

  • PRZYWARA Peter - Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow; source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPRZYWARA Peter
    Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz
    own collection
  • PRZYWARA Peter - Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow; source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPRZYWARA Peter
    Commemorative plaque, Marian basilica, Cracow
    source: thanks to Ms Barbara Wójtowicz
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Cracow archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

20.03.1945

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II initiated in his rectory a support location for Poles attempting to cross over the mountains to and from Hungary. Held contacts with emerging Polish clandestine movement and Armed Struggle Union ZWZ army, later Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State). „Regarded as chaplain to the Polish partisans in Gorce and Beskid Wyspowy mountain regions”. Arrested on 08.07.1942 by the Germans. Taken to Zakopane Gestapo prison. Tortured. Next held in Tarnów prison. From there in 11.1942 taken to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Next on 14.03.1943 moved first to KL Groß–Rosen concentration camp and next to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally on 28.05.1943 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

22.04.1909

Chechły
Zwoleń pow., Masovia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

02.05.1937 (St Stanislaus and St Vaclav basilica in Cracow on Wawel Hill)

positions held

1939–1942 — administrator {parish: Olszówka}
prefect {Olszówka, Public Primary School}
1937–1939 — vicar {parish: Niedźwiedź}

others related in death

BUKOWSKI Leopold, DAŃKOWSKI Peter Edward, DROŹDZIK Peter, ROZMUS Vincent, SOSIN Joseph, STASZEWSKA Helen (Sr Mary Clementa), SZEMBEK Francis Vladimir, SZOTT Francis

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 48100): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Groß-Rosen: Groß‑Rosen (today: Rogoźnica) was a German concentration camp founded in the summer of 1940 (first transport of prisoners arrived on 02.08.1940). Initially a branch of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. In 1944 became a centre of a network of more than 100 camps. Prisoners were forced to slave at nearby granite quarries, on starvation rations. More than 125,000 prisoners were enslaved — 40,000 victims perished. In 1945 — in „death marches” — Germans dragged through the camp thousands of prisoners from the camp’s in east being one by one overrun by the Russians. The camp itself was captured by the Russians on 14.02.1945. (more on: www.gross-rosen.eu [access: 2021.07.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02])

KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Tarnów: German penal and detention centre used by the Germans as a transit point prior to sending to concentration camps, i.e. KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Zakopane - Palace: Penal institution and investigative prison set up by German political police Gestapo in „Palace” guesthouse in renown spa Zakopane at the foot of Tatra mountains. Functioned from the start of German occupation in 10.1939 to 01.1945. Place of mass executions and cruel tortures — the victims were beaten, tormented, hanged — of scores of Poles. It is estimated that c. 2,000 inmates were held captive in „Palace” prison 400 of which were murdered by the Germans — some in the prison itself, others at the local Dry Valley (pl. Sucha Dolina) cemetery. Most of the others were sent to German concentration camps, mainly KL Auschwitz, were the majority perished. (more on: z-ne.pl [access: 2021.05.06])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.org [access: 2012.11.23], naszaprzeszlosc.pl [access: 2018.04.02], www.straty.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
original images:
www.wr.rabka-net.pl [access: 2013.10.05]

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