• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

GRABOWSKI

forename(s)

Sigismund (pl. Zygmunt)

  • GRABOWSKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRABOWSKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • GRABOWSKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRABOWSKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

25.08.1897

Jędrzejów

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

10.06.1923 (Łuck (obw. Wołyń, Ukraina))

positions held

chaplain of County Hospital in Jędrzejów (1939‑40), f. parish priest of Shumbar in Krzemieniec deanery (1936‑9), Wojtkiewicze in Sarny deanery, Chołoniewicze in Równe deanery parishes, f. chaplain at 5th Brigade of Border Security Corps KOP (from 1930), f. parish priest of Rafałówka parish in Sarny deanery (1927‑30), f. administrator of Czartorysk parish in Sarny deanery (1927‑30), f. procurator (steward) in Łuck theological seminary and notary in Łuck Curia (1925‑7), f. prefect at State Gymnasium in Kowel (1923‑5), f. student of Theological Seminary for Łuck–Zhytomyr diocese in Ołyka (1919‑23), f. student of Theological Seminary in Kielce (till 1919)

date and place of death

10.08.1942

TA Hartheim

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

details of death

On 28.04.1939 nominated reserve chaplain of the Polish Army. In 08.1939 mobilized into Polish Army. During German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, after start of the II World War, chaplain of the 12th Podole Cavalry Regiment of Volhynia Cavalry Brigade. After September 1939 defeat avoided arrest. Unable to return to his diocese taken over by the Russians returned to his homeland and ministered as a vicar in Jędrzejów. There participated in emerging Polish resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) and ther arrested by the Germans on 11.06.1940. Jailed in Kielce prison. From there on 15.07.1940 taken to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and next on 14.12.1940 to KL Dachau concentration camp. Finally totally exhausted brought in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.

alt. dates and places of death

12.09.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

ABT Steven, AKSMAN Julius Felician, ANDRZEJEWSKI Casimir, BĄK John Baptist, BIELOWSKI Joseph, CEPIEL Charles, CHABERKOWSKI Steven, CHYCZEWSKI Joseph, CISZAK Boleslaus, CZAPCZYK Henry, DEMBOWSKI Casimir Marian Anthony, DETKENS Edward, DRAPIEWSKI Theodore, DRZEWIECKI Francis, DYJA Edward, DZIENISZ Leo, FALKOWSKI Theophilus, GABRYELSKI Thaddeus Narcissus, GRZESITOWSKI Stanislaus, GRZYMAŁA Edward, GUTOWSKI Leo, GZEL Eugene Henry, HERMAŃCZYK Oscar, JARANOWSKI Boleslaus Ignatius, KAZIMIEROWICZ Henry Maximilian, KLIN Conrad Anastasius, KONSTANTYNOWICZ Stanislaus Peter, KORCZAK Valentine, KOSTRZEWA Nicholas, KOTELA Joseph, KOWALSKI Sigismund Marian, KOZIK Valentine (Fr Cherubin), KRĘCICKI Boleslaus, KRZAK William, KURKOWSKI Leo Paul, LASKOWSKI Henry, MACIEJEWSKI Leo, MAKOWSKI Alexander Czeslav, MĄDRY John, MICHNIEWSKI Stanislaus Thomas, MOLSKI Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — the investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22630): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former olympic village from 1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Kielce: The prison at Zamkowa Str. in Kielce was opened in 1826‑8. In 09.1939, after start of German occupation, under German control. Initially a POW camp and next prison run by German political police Gestapo. Till 1945 more then c. 16,000 prisoners were held there. Any time c. 2,000 were incarcerated, in space build for c. 400 people. Prisoners, in extremely cramped conditions, were starved, ill–treated and murdered in prison, executed outside, transported to German concentration camps or deported to slave labour sites. Prison chapel Germans used as torture chamber. From 1945 in Russian Commie–Nazi hands. Till 1956 many political prisoners, e.g. members of former restistance Home Army AK and National Armed Forces NSZ (part of Polish Clandestine State) where held camptive there. On 04‑05.1945 Polish partisans commanded by Mjr Anthony Heda attacked the prison and release c. 700 prisoners. (more on: www.facebook.com [access: 2013.08.17])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.hdbg.de [access: 2012.11.23], www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.andreovia.pl [access: 2017.03.11], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.05.30]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
www.katedrapolowa.pl [access: 2014.01.16]

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