• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • BURSCHE Julius, source: www.polacyzwyboru.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    source: www.polacyzwyboru.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - 1938, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    1938
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - 1926, Cracow, source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    1926, Cracow
    source: www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius, source: sluzyliniepodleglej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    source: sluzyliniepodleglej.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - 16.01.1905, Warsaw, source: polona.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    16.01.1905, Warsaw
    source: polona.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Obvers, 20 zł commemorative coin, 2017, source: archiwum.niemczyk.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Obvers, 20 zł commemorative coin, 2017
    source: archiwum.niemczyk.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Contemporary image, source: www.trojca.waw.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Contemporary image
    source: www.trojca.waw.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Stained glass window, St Christopher church, Wrocław, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Stained glass window, St Christopher church, Wrocław
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection

surname

BURSCHE

forename(s)

Julius (pl. Juliusz)

  • BURSCHE Julius - Monument, Wisła, source: wisla.luteranie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Monument, Wisła
    source: wisla.luteranie.pl
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Commemorative plaque, Julius Bursche str., Warsaw, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Commemorative plaque, Julius Bursche str., Warsaw
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Cenotaph, Augsburg-Evangelical cemetery, Warsaw, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Cenotaph, Augsburg-Evangelical cemetery, Warsaw
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Commemorative plaque, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession rectory, 6 M. Rej str., Radom, source: radom.city, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Commemorative plaque, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession rectory, 6 M. Rej str., Radom
    source: radom.city
    own collection
  • BURSCHE Julius - Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURSCHE Julius
    Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

bishop (general superintendent)

creed

Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

„White Eagle” Order
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]
Commander's Cross with Star „Polonia Restituta”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]

nationality

German

date and place of birth

19.09.1862

Kalisz

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

30.11.1884 (Warszawa)

positions held

bishop (1905‑42), f. chairman of Evangelical Church Council in Poland (1928‑39), f. Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession general superintendent (1920‑8), f. pastor of Warsaw parish and Consistory councilor (1888‑1905), f. pastor of Żyrardów–Wiskitki parish (1885‑8), f. vicar of Holy Trinity parish in Warsaw (1884‑5), f. Polish plebiscite activist in Mazurian region, f. member of Polish Kingdom State Council, f. Evangelical theology student in Dorpat/Tartu in Estonia, writer and editor, married, 5 children

date and place of death

20.02.1942

Berlin (Germany)

cause of death

murder

details of death

In 04.1915, after I World War, exiled by the Russians to Orenburg in Russia. In 1917 returned to Poland. On 02‑03 arrested by the Germans in Lublin. Transported to Radom and there interrogated in prison. Next in 12.1939 transported to Gestapo main offices and prison in Berlin. Jailed in KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Tortured repeatedly. Perished in police hospital, after another interrogation in Moabit prison in Berlin.

alt. dates and places of death

1942

KL Sachsenhausen

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BANSZEL Charles, BIELIŃSKI Joseph, BURSCHE Edmund, FALZMANN Alexander Charles, FREYDE Alfred, GNIDA Francis, GUMPERT Steven, GUTKNECHT Bruno, GUTSCH Sigismund, HAUSE Paul Henry, KAHANE George, KOŻUSZNIK Stanislaus, KULISZ Charles, KUŹWA Sigismund, LEHMANN George, MAY Leo Witold, MAMICA Joseph, MANITIUS Gustave, NIEROSTEK Joseph, NITSCHMANN Adam Robert, OŻANA Gustave, PASZKO Richard, PAWLAS Vladislav, WAGNER Richard Ernest, ZMEŁTY Adolph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Berlin (Moabit): Prison in Berlin at Lehrter Straße, called Germ. Zellengefängnis (Eng. Cell prison), constructed in 1842‑9 by the order of Frederic William IV, King of Prussia. During II World War German army Wehrmacht remand prison, and next German political police Gestapo prison. Place of execution including by beheading. Place of death of many Poles. Shut down in 1957‑8. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.11.17])

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 166, 14966): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Radom: Detention centre run by Germans. Approx 10,000 Polish political prisoners were kept captive there during II World War. (more on: www.polskaniezwykla.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.polskaniezwykla.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
old.luteranie.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2012.11.23], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10]
original images:
www.polacyzwyboru.pl [access: 2015.09.30], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], www.audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2015.09.30], sluzyliniepodleglej.pl [access: 2019.04.16], polona.pl [access: 2019.04.16], archiwum.niemczyk.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.trojca.waw.pl [access: 2019.04.16], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16], wisla.luteranie.pl [access: 2019.04.16], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], radom.city [access: 2015.09.30], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2013.12.04]

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