• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

  • KAHANE George, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAHANE George
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection




George (pl. Jerzy)

  • KAHANE George - Cenotaf, Evangelical cemetery, Warsaw, source: www.findagrave.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAHANE George
    Cenotaf, Evangelical cemetery, Warsaw
    source: www.findagrave.com
    own collection
  • KAHANE George - Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAHANE George
    Commemorative plaque, Saviour church, Evangelical Cathedral of the Augsburg Confession, Bielsko-Biała
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection




Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland

diocese / province

Greeter Poland superintendentur
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]
Cieszyn superintendentur
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.04.23]



date and place of death


Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge dist., Saxony, Germany

alt. dates and places of death


details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1919‑21 volunteer of the Polish Army — served in 21st „Children of Warsaw” Infantry Regiment. From 01.12.1931 reserve Augsburg–Evangelical chaplain with seniority of the Polish Army. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, deported in 11.1939 from Pomerania (according to other sources went into hiding). Moved to Warsaw (prob. in 08.1940), then already in German–run General Governorate. In 02.1940 arrested by the Germans and transported to KL Stutthof concentration camp and next to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally in a group of invalids on 07.06.1941 taken to Pirna–Sonnenstein castle, to the so‑called German Euthanasia Institute. There became a victim of barbaric „medical experiments”, and next murdered in the gas chamber (part of genocidal German Aktion T4 plan, under a codename Aktion 14f13).

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber



date and place of birth


Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/


positions held

parish priest of Gdynia parish (1937‑9), f. administrator of Tczew and Starogard Gdański churches, f. editor of „Evangelical Review”, f. editor of „Upper Silesia Evengelic”, f. prefect in Katowice — also gymnasium teacher in Chorzów, f. support Augsburg–Evangelical chaplain of Polish Army Corps Region no I in Warsaw (1931‑3), f. administrator (1929‑31) of Bydgoszcz, Grudziądz, Tczew and Toruń churches, f. catechist of State Teachers' Seminary in Działdowo, f. pastor of Mława, Stara Iwiczna and Radzymin churches, f. student at Evangelical Theology Department of Warsaw University (till 1927), married

others related in death

BANSZEL Charles, BIELIŃSKI Joseph, BURSCHE Edmund, BURSCHE Julius, FALZMANN Alexander Charles, FREYDE Alfred, GNIDA Francis, GUMPERT Steven, GUTKNECHT Bruno, GUTSCH Sigismund, HAUSE Paul Henry, KOŻUSZNIK Stanislaus, KULISZ Charles, KUŹWA Sigismund, LEHMANN George, MAY Leo Witold, MAMICA Joseph, MANITIUS Gustave, NIEROSTEK Joseph, NITSCHMANN Adam Robert, OŻANA Gustave, PASZKO Richard, PAWLAS Vladislav, WAGNER Richard Ernest, ZMEŁTY Adolph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Pirna-Sonnenstein: From 06.1940 to 09.1942, in Sonnenstein castle, the Germ. NS‑Tötungsanstalt Sonnenstein (Eng. National Socialist Institution of Extermination Sonnernstein) operated. As part of „Aktion T4”, program approx. 15,000 people — mostly mentally and mentally ill, but also prisoners of concentration camps, mainly from Saxony, Thuringia, Silesia and East Prussia — were murdered by the Germans in a gas chamber. After „examination”, the victims were forced to undress, and then, in groups of 20‑30 were taken to a cell–room under the pretext of having to take a bath. The room was equipped with nozzles simulating shower heads. After closing the steel door, a German „doctor" opened the container with carbon monoxide and let it into the chamber. Death took place — closely watched by the camp staff — within 20–30 minutes. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Medical experiments: Criminal medical experiments conducted by German specialists on concentration camp inmates. Among tests, in KL Dachau, KL Auschwitz, KL Buchenwald and other camps, performed by German murderers were malaria injections, liver tests, injections of tuberculosis, typhoid, phlegmon germs, flying tests (in pressure chambers), blood crystallization and coagulation tests, hypothermia, sterilization, starvation tests, etc. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])


old.luteranie.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2012.11.23], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
original images:
commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2019.04.16], www.findagrave.com [access: 2019.04.16], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2013.12.04]


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