• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:







Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • BAJKO Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John Evangelist archcathedral, Lublin, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBAJKO Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John Evangelist archcathedral, Lublin
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection


diocesan priest


Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lublin diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Vilnius archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Batchelor of Theology

date and place of birth


alt. dates and places of birth

19.05.1896, 31.05.1896

Rozedranka Stara (Sokółka county)

presbyter (holy orders)/


positions held

parish priest of Tranfiguration parish in Borowica n. Krasnystaw (c. 1944), f. parish priest of St Michael the Archangel parish in Perespa (c. 1938), f. vicar of St Adalbert parish in Wąwolnica (c. 1938), f. chaplain of Polish Army garrison in Nowa Wilejka (1935‑7), f. parish priest of St Stanislaus Kostka in Nowa Wilejka (1935‑7), Our Lady of the Rosary Zawalów (1932‑4) parishes, f. vicar of Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Józefów Ordynacki (c. 1930), Resurrection and St Thomas the Apostle in Zamość (1929‑30), St Francis Xavier in Krasnystaw (c. 1928) parishes, f. student at Theological Department of Lublin Catholic University in Lublin (1925‑8), f. student of St Josaphat Missionary Institute in Lublin (c.1925), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Vilnius (1919‑20)

date and place of death


Chełm Lubelski

cause of death


details of death

From 01.08.1931 reserve chaplain of the Polish Army. In 1934 called into the Army. Prob. on c. 23.08.1939 voluntarily joined — as a chaplain — the duly mobilized 82nd King Stephen Batory Grodno Riflemen Regiment within 39th Infantry Division. After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War fought as part of reserve Army „Prussia” in the battles with invading Germans. His regiment was crashed on 12.09.1939 in Przysucha forest. After start of German occupation chaplain, in 1943‑4, to the clandestine resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State). Arrested on 06.06.1944 in his parish rectory. Jailed overnight in Ukrainian's house in Wola Żulińska. Next day taken to Chełm Lubelski and murdered, prob. in Waldlager Borek camp, in a nearby Borek forest, where Germans murdered c. 30,000 people, mainly POWs from Stalag 319 camp.


Germans / Ukrainians

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Chełm Lubelski (Waldlager Borek): From 07.1941 (after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians) till 04.1944 in Chełm Lubelski the Stalag 319, a POW camp, was in operation — one of the largest on Polish territories occupied by the Germans. Mainly Russian POWs were held there, but also Polish (from the territories captured after aforementioned German attack of Russians and soldiers of 27th Volhynia Home Army AK Infantry Division — part of Polish Clandestine State), Italian (deserters), Belgians and Brits. From c. 200,000 POWs c. 90,000 perished. More than 30,000, mostly POWs from Stalag 319, Germans murdered in Borek forest, in Waldlager Borek (Eng. Borek Forest Camp), known locally as „Frying Pan” — today with Chełm Lubelski boundaries. There Germans murdered local Poles and Jews as well. Some of the victims were prob. murdered in special trucks turned into gas chambers. Most of the traces were destroyed by the Germans during so‑called Aktion 1005 known also Sonderkommando 1005, through exhumation of hundreds of thousands previously buried corpses of victims of German extermination policies and burning them. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13])

Volhynia genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volhynia and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volhynia, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])


www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.05.09], www.miesiecznik.znak.com.pl [access: 2014.08.14], www.straty.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.rodzinakulik.eu [access: 2019.10.13], archiwum-ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2019.10.13], www.rodzinakulik.eu [access: 2012.12.28]
original images:
www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.05.09]


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