• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • BÖHM Francis, source: thema.erzbistum-koeln.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    source: thema.erzbistum-koeln.de
    own collection
  • BÖHM Francis - 1944, prison photo, source: www.monheim.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    1944, prison photo
    source: www.monheim.de
    own collection
  • BÖHM Francis - 1944, prison photo, source: www.monheim.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    1944, prison photo
    source: www.monheim.de
    own collection
  • BÖHM Francis - 1944, prison photo, source: www.monheim.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    1944, prison photo
    source: www.monheim.de
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

BÖHM

surname
versions/aliases

BOEHM

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

  • BÖHM Francis - Commemorative bust, St Gereon church, Monheim am Rhein, source: www.monheim.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    Commemorative bust, St Gereon church, Monheim am Rhein
    source: www.monheim.de
    own collection
  • BÖHM Francis - Commemorative plaque, Monheim am Rhein, source: genwiki.genealogy.net, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    Commemorative plaque, Monheim am Rhein
    source: genwiki.genealogy.net
    own collection
  • BÖHM Francis - Commemorative plaque, Katharinenstraße 20, Düsseldorf 7 Gerresheim, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBÖHM Francis
    Commemorative plaque, Katharinenstraße 20, Düsseldorf 7 Gerresheim
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Cologne archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.11.18]

nationality

German

date and place
of death

13.02.1945

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

alt. dates and places
of death

14.02.1945

details of death

Ministered among others to the Polish migrant workers — knew Polish language.

After German national–socialist party NSDAP gained power in Germany in 1933 investigated numerous times by the authorities.

In 1934 a criminal case had been worked on — without an outcome.

In 1935 forbidden to catechize.

Next evicted from his parish for the first.

Time.

Returned in 1936, after amnesty.

In 1937 forced however to leave Sieglar parish.

In 1938 took a post in Monheim am Rhein.

Again criticized NSDAP rule.

In 1938 fined.

In 1941, after German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II warned not to celebrate Holy Masses in Polish.

In 1942 fined 3,000 marks for a sermon made on Christ the King day.

During Easter of 1944 again made critical remarks about NSDAP rule in Germany — specifically warning about propaganda movies.

On 05/06.06.1944 arrested during a Holy Mass.

Held in Wuppertal–Elberfeld prison.

On 11.08.1944 transported KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

03.10.1880

Boleszyntoday: Grodziczno gm., Nowe Miasto Lubawskie pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.21]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

10.03.1906 (Cologne cathedralmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.21]
)

positions held

1938 – 1945

parish priest {parish: Gerresheim / Vennhausentoday: districts of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf reg., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.21]
, St Catherine; archdioc: Cologne}

1923 – 1937

parish priest {parish: Sieglartoday: district of Troisdorf, Cologne reg., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.21]
, St John at the Latin Gate; archdioc: Cologne}

1917 – 1923

parish priest {parish: Monheim am Rheintoday: Düsseldorf reg., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.21]
, St Gereon; archdioc: Cologne}

student {Bonntoday: Bonn urban dist., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.10.21]
}

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 91557): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. The priests were forced to slave labor in the Germ. „Die Plantage” — the largest herb garden in Europe, managed by the genocidal SS, consisting of many greenhouses, laboratory buildings and arable land, where experiments with new natural medicines were conducted — for many hours, without breaks, without protective clothing, no food. They slaved in construction, e.g. of camp's crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence [...], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions [...] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”... Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
de.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, vor-ort.kolping.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.05.20]
,
original images:
thema.erzbistum-koeln.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, www.monheim.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, www.monheim.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, www.monheim.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, www.monheim.deClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, genwiki.genealogy.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]
, commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2020.10.21]

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