• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • TYCHOWSKI Leo; source: Bogdan Prach, „Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOTYCHOWSKI Leo
    source: Bogdan Prach, „Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015
    own collection

surname

TYCHOWSKI

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Lew

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Ukrainian

alt. dates and places of death

1944 (after)

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation left his parish and went west, towards territories occupied by the Germans. Settled in Rzuchów village n. Leżajsk, on right bank of San river, with majority of Ukrainian population. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, returned to his Kokhanivka parish. After German defeat and start in 1944 of another Russian occupation (nearby Yavoriv Russians captured on 24.07.1944) arrested by the agents of Russian genocidal NKVD organization on 19.08.1944. Accused that „during German occupation conducted in 1942‑4 anti–Russian propaganda. In 1943 during funeral rites of German fallen soldiers and 'Bandera bands' [i.e. members of Ukrainian genocidal OUN/UPA organisation responsible for Volyn genocidal] called upon his parishioners to fight for 'independent Ukrainian state'. In 08.1944 during search of his apartment anti–Russian leaflets and proclamations were discovered”. On 28.09.1944 sentence by Russian military kangaroo court of Lviv oblast for 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag. 3 of his parishioners were sentenced with him — for „membership of OUN/UPA” among others. Fate thereafter unknown.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

25.11.1890

Moloshkovichi
Lwów obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

29.10.1916 (Greek Catholic Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

parish priest of Kokhanivka parish in Krakovets deanery (1941‑4), f. minister at Rzuchów church in Leżajsk deanery (1939‑41) f. parish priest of Kokhanivka in Krakovets deanery (1933‑9), Cetula in Jarosław deanery (1920‑33) parishes, f. administrator of Posada Rybotycka parish in Dobromyl deanery (1920), f. vicar of Verblyany parish in Nemyriv deanery (1919‑20), f. administrator of Bolekhivtsi in Drohobych deanery (1917‑9), Dobryani in Sudova Vyshnia deanery (1916‑7) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminaries in Przemyśl (1916), Lviv (1911‑4), married with two children

others related in death

CZEWERYŃSKI Stephen, JACIW Nestor John, KECUN Joseph, WESELIJ Vladimir, WÓJTOWICZ James

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Volyn genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
dlibra.kul.pl [access: 2019.12.26]
bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015

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