• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • ŚPICA Walter; source: thanks to Mr Thomas Bandurski's kindness (private correspondence, 13.09.2018), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚPICA Walter
    source: thanks to Mr Thomas Bandurski's kindness (private correspondence, 13.09.2018)
    own collection

surname

ŚPICA

forename(s)

Walter

  • ŚPICA Walter - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚPICA Walter
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection
  • ŚPICA Walter - Commemorative plaque, murder site, Nowy Wiec; source: thanks to Mr Thomas Bandurski's kindness (private correspondence, 13.09.2018), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOŚPICA Walter
    Commemorative plaque, murder site, Nowy Wiec
    source: thanks to Mr Thomas Bandurski's kindness (private correspondence, 13.09.2018)
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of death

16.10.1939

alt. dates and places of death

17.10.1939, 22.11.1939

Szpęgawski forest
Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
Skarszewy
Skarszewy gm., Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
Nowy Wiec
Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of the German occupation, arrested in the autumn of 1939 by the Germans. Murdered prob. in a mass execution during genocidal Intelligenzaktion in Pomerania region.

alt. details of death

According to some sources arrested by the Germans in his parish church during a Mass celebrating frist Friday of the month — prob. on 06.10.1939 or on 03.11.1939. Next held in Skarszewygaol for about a fortnight. From there taken to an execution site: in Szpęgawsk forest, where Germans murdered „all but one priests from Starogard Gdański county”; in one of the mass executions in the vicinity of Skarszewy; or in Nowy Wiec — least likely though his name appears there on the monument to the victims.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

24.06.1910

Prątnica
Lubawa gm., Iława pow., Warmia-Masuria voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

23.12.1933 (Pelpin cathedral)

positions held

c. 1939 — vicar {parish: Szczodrowo, St Simon and St Judas Thaddaeus the Apostles; dean.: Kościerzyna}
1934–c. 1938 — vicar {parish: Goręczyno, Holy Trinity; dean.: Kartuzy}
till 1933 — student {Pelplin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

WRÓBLEWSKI Louis Stanislaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Szpęgawski forest: In Szpęgawsk forest Germans, as part of their „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — between 09.1939 and 01.1940 in mass executions murdered 5,000‑7,000 Poles. Among them were c. 49 Catholic priests — all bar one from Starogard Gdański county, 30 from Culm diocese Curia and 5 from Pelplin. 1,692 psychiatric hospital patients in Kocborowo — in 15 mass executions starting from 22.09.1939 — part of „AktionT4”, i.e. Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben” (Eng. „elimination of live not worth living”) extermination program, were also murdered there. The victims were brought from Starogard Gdański jail in trucks or buses with windows blackened at sunset or during the night. Transports avoided main roads. At murder site prisoners were forced to kneel at banks of the ditches and murdered by a shot to the back of the head. Wounded were finished off with rifle butts or buried alive. After II World War 39 mass graves were found. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.23])

Nowy Wiec: On 19‑22.11.1939 Germans, in a few mass executions carried out on the Wiecki's property in Nowy Wiec, murdered 68 Polish citizens from Skarszewy county and its vicinity. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.01.06])

Skarszewy: In the forests around Skarszewy (in Mestwinowo forest, among others) in 10‑11.1939 Germans — prob. Einsatzkommando EK 16 unit — murdered approx. 400 Poles from Skarszewy region, in mass executions — as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” directed against Polish leading activists in occupied territories. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.05.06])

Starogard Gdański: Detention centre run by Germans. From Starogard in 1939 Germans transported Polish priests to execution sites, e.g. to Szpęgawski forest. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.straty.pl [access: 2019.04.16]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
Mr Thomas Bandurski, private correspondence, 12.09.2018

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