• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

KAPUSTO

surname
versions/aliases

KAPUSTA

forename(s)

Peter Bernard (pl. Piotr Bernard)

  • KAPUSTO Peter Bernard - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAPUSTO Peter Bernard
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]

date and place of birth

14.03.1891

Zaleszczyno (Verkhnyadzvinsk reg.?, Belarus?)

alt. dates and places of birth

1886

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1917

positions held

parish priest of Mozyr in Mogilev deanery — and of other parishes left without a priest, f. minister in Vitebsk, f. administrator of Rosica parish in Dryssa–Siebiezh deanery (from 1919), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg (till 1917)

date and place of death

01.11.1937

Sandarmokh (Karelia rep., Russia)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

Prob. in mid 1920s expelled by the Russians from Rosica parish. Arrested by the Russians in 1931. Accused by the Russian of tax evasion — set on unrealistic levels. Accused of espionage and counter–revolutionary activities. On 23.08.1931 sentenced by the Russians to 10 years of slave labour. Deported Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. For a time slaved as a guard in Kyem on White Sea shore. In 1937 moved to a prison cell. On 14.10.1937 sentenced to death by the Russian genocidal „Troika NKVD” kangaroo court. Transported out and murdered in Karelia republic in a mass execution of c. 1,111 Solovetsky Islands prisoners.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

BARANOWSKI Peter, DZIEMIAN Joseph, DZIEMIESZKIEWICZ Anthony, JARMOŁOWICZ Anthony, JUREWICZ Boleslaus, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KOWALSKI Joseph, ŁUKASZ John, ŁUKJANIN Joseph, SPALWINI-KRECZETOW Valentine, SZACIŁŁO Albin, WIERZBICKI Joseph, ŻAWRYD John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Sandarmokh: Former shooting range of Russian slave labour BelBaltLag concentration camp — n. Powienec village on Onega lake shore, c. 19 km from Bear Hill (Medvezhegorsk), in Karelia republic, a seat of Russian BelBaltLag slave labour concentration camp’s headquarters — where from 11.08.1937 till 27.11.1938 in excess of 9,500 victims from 58 nations, including many Poles, mainly from BelBaltLag concentration camp for prisoners constructing White Sea – Baltic canal and c. 1,111 prisoners from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps on White Sea (c. 250 km from Sandarmokh) were murdered in mass executions. At least 32 priests, including 12 Poles and 11 Germans, one bishop among them, were shot through the back of the head at the site 27.10–04.11.1937. Their remains were unearthed in 1997 — 236 mass grave ditches were discovered spread over c. 10 hectares of land. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.11.14])

09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

BelbaltLag: White Sea‑Baltic Sea camp — Russian concentration camp and forced slave labour camp (part of Gulag penal system), on White Sea coast, with headquarters in Medvezhyegorsk. The prisoners slaved and Bielomor canal construction. Up to 25,000 perished. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

sources

personal:
sand.mapofmemory.org [access: 2019.02.02], sand.mapofmemory.org [access: 2019.02.02]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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