Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Joseph (pl. Józef)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]
date and place of birth
Krasne Stare (Mońki county)
alt. dates and places of birth
presbyter (holy orders)/
minister in St Catherine and St Casimir parishes in Sankt Petersburg (1929‑30), f. vicar general to Apostolic Vicar of Mohylew and Minsk dioceses Bp Boleslaus Sloskans (1926‑8), f. parish priest of Mińsk parish (1926‑8), f. dean of Sienno deanery (1925‑6), f. parish priest of Sienno and Czereja parishes in Sienno deanery (1925‑6), f. vicar of Sokoliszcze (1918‑22), Połock (1913‑8), Orsza (1913‑8) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Sankt Petersburg (till 1912)
date and place of death
Sandarmokh (Karelia rep., Russia)
cause of death
details of death
For the first time arrested by the Russians in 1922 with a group of Polish priests — among them Fr Joseph Łukjanin — for refusal to take part in a show ridicule of bl. Anthony Bobola relics preserved in Połock. Jailed for 4 months in Vitebsk prison. Got a suspended sentence. Released as a result of amnesty but in the next few years a number of times arrested and jailed for a short time. In 1927 and in 1928 arrested in Minsk. Sentenced to 2 years of exile. Transported to Smoleńsk. In the autumn on 1929 released. On 17.06.1930 arrested yet again, this time in Sankt Petersburg. There held in prison. On 03.02.1931 sentenced to death — on 28.11.1931 (02.12.1931) sentence changed to 10 years of slave labour. Jailed in Yaroslav on Volga river prison. On 07.03.1932 sent to SLON concentration camp on Solovetsky Islands. In 09.1937 moved to a prison cell. On 09.10.1937 sentenced by „Troika NKVD” Russian kangaroo court to death and murdered in a mass execution of Catholic priests.
others related in death
BARANOWSKI Peter, DZIEMIESZKIEWICZ Anthony, JARMOŁOWICZ Anthony, JUREWICZ Boleslaus, KAPUSTO Peter Bernard, KARPIŃSKI Joseph, KOWALSKI Joseph, ŁUKASZ John, ŁUKJANIN Joseph, SPALWINI-KRECZETOW Valentine, SZACIŁŁO Albin, WIERZBICKI Joseph, ŻAWRYD John
camps (+ prisoner no)
Sandarmokh: Former shooting range of Russian slave labour BelBaltLag concentration camp — n. Powienec village on Onega lake shore, c. 19 km from Bear Hill (Medvezhegorsk), in Karelia republic, a seat of Russian BelBaltLag slave labour concentration camp’s headquarters — where from 11.08.1937 till 27.11.1938 in excess of 9,500 victims from 58 nations, including many Poles, mainly from BelBaltLag concentration camp for prisoners constructing White Sea – Baltic canal and c. 1,111 prisoners from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps on White Sea (c. 250 km from Sandarmokh) were murdered in mass executions. At least 32 priests, including 12 Poles and 11 Germans, one bishop among them, were shot through the back of the head at the site 27.10–04.11.1937. Their remains were unearthed in 1997 — 236 mass grave ditches were discovered spread over c. 10 hectares of land. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.11.14])
09.10.1937 judicial murder: On 09.10.1937 a „Troika NKVD” — a genocidal Russian kangaroo court from Sankt Petersburg consisting of three „summary judges” — sentenced to death, at a single stroke of pen, 1,116 Solovetsky Islands concentration camp’s prisoners. 1,111 names are known — they were murdered in Sandarmokh. The names of the genocidal „judges” are also know. It is also known that on 25.11.1937 similar „Troika NKVD” Russian genocidal kangaroo court sentenced to death few remaining in Solovetsky Islands Catholic priests. All in 12.1937 were transported out towards Sankt Petersburg and murdered prob. in SvirLag camp (or in Sankt Petersburg). (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
BelbaltLag: White Sea‑Baltic Sea camp — Russian concentration camp and forced slave labour camp (part of Gulag penal system), on White Sea coast, with headquarters in Medvezhyegorsk. The prisoners slaved and Bielomor canal construction. Up to 25,000 perished. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Trial of 05.07.1932: Russian trial of Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands and Anzer Island, accused of „creation of an anti–Russian group that conducted anti–Russian agitation, clandestinely celebrated Mass and religious rites and maintained an illegal contact with a free worker for purposes of transmitting abroad information of an espionage character about the situation of Catholics in the Russia”. The prisoners were given prolonged sentences in concentration camp and spread them among the various Gułag camps.
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])
sand.mapofmemory.org [access: 2019.02.02], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2019.02.02]
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
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