• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • CZERWIŃSKI Anthony, source: pl.catholicmartyrs.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCZERWIŃSKI Anthony
    source: pl.catholicmartyrs.org
    own collection
  • CZERWIŃSKI Anthony - Contemporary image, source: krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCZERWIŃSKI Anthony
    Contemporary image
    source: krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

CZERWIŃSKI

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • CZERWIŃSKI Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCZERWIŃSKI Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Tiraspol diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

academic distinctions

Theology MA

date and place of birth

08.10.1881

Biłgoraj

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1905

positions held

parish priest (from 1911) and catechist of gymnasium for boys and gymnasium for girls in Vladikavkaz in Piatigorsk deanery — ministering also in orphaned Georgian parishes of Mozdok, Grozhny, Chasow–Yurt, Minskoye (till 1932) and Buynaksk in Dagestan, f. personal secretary to Tiraspol ordinary Bp Joseph Kessler, f. teacher Nikołajewsk in Saratov deanery, f. vicar of St Clement cathedral parish in Saratov, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Academy in Sankt Petersburg, Theological Seminary in Saratov (till ok. 1904)

date and place of death

26.01.1938

Vladikavkaz (North Ossetia - Alania, Russia)

cause of death

murder

details of death

Arrested by Russians on 02.12.1936 in Vladikavkaz together with two other priests, Fr John Roth (Volga German) and Fr Boleslaus Blechman, his sister, the organist, f. church guard and few women parishioners, Poles and Russians. On 15.12.1936 formally accused of „founding and leading of counter–revolutionary, fascist and nationalist group” and „organizing counter–revolutionary movement among Poles living in Ordzhonikidze (Vladikavkaz)”. After almost a year of interrogations in prison, where he lost his sight, on 01‑02.11.1937 sentenced to death. Murdered in the prison.

alt. dates and places of death

16/17.01.1938

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

BLECHMAN Boleslaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], pl.catholicmartyrs.org [access: 2014.12.20], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
pl.catholicmartyrs.org [access: 2014.12.20], krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com [access: 2019.04.16], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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