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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • BLECHMAN Boleslaus; source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Catholic clergy in USSR in 1917—1939 – Martirology”, ed. Science Society KUL, 1998, Lublin, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBLECHMAN Boleslaus
    source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Catholic clergy in USSR in 1917—1939 – Martirology”, ed. Science Society KUL, 1998, Lublin
    own collection

surname

BLECHMAN

forename(s)

Boleslaus (pl. Bolesław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]

date and place of birth

1876

Kalvarija (Marijampolė region, Lithuania)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1903

positions held

Zhytomyr diocese apostolic administrator, administrator (1930‑3) and vicar (1927‑30) of St Alexander, St Nicholas and Greek Catholic Jesus Holiest Heart parishes in Kiev, f. dean of Radomyśl deanery (1923‑7), f. parish priest of St Anthony of Padua parish in Radomyśl (1923‑7) — resident at chapel in Krymok, f. administrator of Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven parish in Wyszewicze in Radomyśl deanery (1923‑7), f. parish priest of St Stanislaus in Vyshnievsk?, Blessed Virgin Mary of the Rosary in Byszów (1920‑3), Irpień (1918‑20) parishes, f. parish priest (c. 1918) and vicar (1916‑7) of St Nicholas parish in Kiev, f. army chaplain and dean of army chaplains in Kiev (1916‑7), f. prefect at IV and VIII Gymnasiums and Vaclava Peretiakovichova Gymnasium for Girls in Kiev (1916‑7), f. administrator of Motowidłówka parish in Kiev deanery (1914‑5), f. prefect of secondary schools in Lutsk (1909‑14), f. administrator of Vladimir parish in Kowel deanery (1906—9), f. vicar of cathedral parish in Zhytomyr (1904‑5), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Academy in Sankt Petersburg (1903‑4), Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (1899‑1903)

date and place of death

26.01.1938

Vladikavkaz (North Ossetia - Alania, Russia)

cause of death

murder

details of death

From 1905, during Tsarist times, member of clandestine Polish society „Macierz Polska” and teacher at clandestine Polish schools. In 1927‑33 apprehended by Russians many times. Finally arrested by them — on the basis of denouncement that managed to prepare clandestinely 5 men to Catholic priesthood, including Fr Joseph Kowalski and Fr Andrew Rybałtowski — on 29.08.1933 on the way from Krymok chapel back to Kiev. On the same day Fr Joseph Woronicz was arrested. Jailed in Kharkiv. On 07.12.1933 transferred to Kiev prison. Accused of „nationalist agitation among Polish population in Ukraine and leading preparations for military campaign against Russian authorities”, of passing information about famine in Ukraine (Great Holodomor) to Polish and Vatican officials. There on 24.02.1934 tried, together with Fr Woronicz, among others, and sentenced to 3 years of slave labour. On 18.06.1934 transported to KarLag concentration camp, to Dolinskoye village camp. On 29.05.1936 released, but on 19.06.1936 exiled to Vladikavkaz. There on 02.12.1936 arrested again, together with two other priests, Fr John Roth (Volga German) and Fr Anthony Czerwiński, and 6 parishioners. On 17.08.1937 accused of „membership of counter–revolutionay group and spreading of slanderous rumors about the hardship of the peasantry”. On 02.11.1937 sentenced to 10 years of slave labour. Fate thereafter unknown — certainly executed, prob. in Vladikavkaz (the date shown is the date of aforementioned Fr Anthony Czerwiński’s execution).

alt. dates and places of death

02.11.1937 (after)

alt. details of death

Murdered during „Great Purge” in Russia.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

GRZEGORZEWSKI Stanislaus, KOWALSKI Joseph, LUBOWSKI Bronislaus, MARECKI Bruno, MARKUSZEW, RYBAŁTOWSKI Andrew, WORONICZ Joseph, CZERWIŃSKI Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

KarLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp n. Karaganda in Kazakhstan. One of the largest in Gulag penal system, operational in 1930‑59 (though even later parts of the camp were used as a new concentration camp and prison). Stretched over 300 by 200 km, centered in Dolinka village, c. 45 km from Karaganda. One of the goals was creation a large food base for the developing coal and metallurgical industries of Kazakhstan. 10,000 to 65,000 (in 1949) prisoners — including women and children many of whom perished — were held in the camp at any one time. In total over 1,000,000 inmates slaved in KarLag over its history. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13])

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

sources

personal:
przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.com [access: 2014.12.20], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2019.02.02], slowopolskie.org [access: 2019.02.02]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin

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