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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

SAWIŃSKI

surname
versions/aliases

SOWIŃSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.23]

Lutsk-Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

details of death

Arrested by the Russians prob. in 1920s in unknown circumstances.

Later held in ITL SLON concentration camp on Solovetsky Islands.

In 1931 exiled? to Siberia.

After release returned and ministered, according to some sources, in Dnyepropetrovsk.

Further fate unknown.

alt. details of death

According to some sources in 1939 parish priest in Tashkent in Uzbekistan.

In 07.1939 prob. arrested again by the Russians.

Fate thereafter unknown.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

1881

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1905

positions held

c. 1917 – c. 1918

vicar — Solobkivtsitoday: Solobkivtsi hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Joseph Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Ushytsiadeanery name
today: Stara Ushytsia, Stara Ushytsia hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

from c. 1916

vicar — Felsztyntoday: Hvardiiske, Hvardiiske hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Proskurivtoday: Khmelnytskyi, Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi urban hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1915 – c. 1916

administrator — Orynyntoday: Orynyn hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Kamyanets—Podilskyitoday: Kamyanets‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1908 – c. 1914

administrator — Kytaihorodtoday: Kytaihorod hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish ⋄ Ushytsiadeanery name
today: Stara Ushytsia, Stara Ushytsia hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1913 – c. 1914

administrator — Suprunkivtsitoday: Humentsi hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus RC parish ⋄ Ushytsiadeanery name
today: Stara Ushytsia, Stara Ushytsia hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery — acting („ad interim”)

c. 1908 – c. 1911

administrator — Suprunkivtsitoday: Humentsi hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus RC parish ⋄ Ushytsiadeanery name
today: Stara Ushytsia, Stara Ushytsia hrom., Kamyanets‑Podilskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery — acting („ad interim”)

c. 1907 – c. 1908

curatus/rector/expositus — Vovkovyntsitoday: Vovkovyntsi hrom., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi rai., Proskuriv/Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC church ⋄ Bartoday: Bar urban hrom., Zhmerynka rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Mohyliv—Podilskyitoday: Mohyliv‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Mohyliv‑Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

till c. 1906

vicar — Bartoday: Bar urban hrom., Zhmerynka rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor RC parish ⋄ Mohyliv—Podilskyitoday: Mohyliv‑Podilskyi urban hrom., Mohyliv‑Podilskyi rai., Vinnytsia, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

till 1905

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

comments

Possibly identical with Fr Joseph Sowiński.

others related
in death

SOWIŃSKIClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Sankt Petersburg (Kresty): Russian prison in Sankt Petersburg where many Polish priests were kept captive. Many of them were also murdered there. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

ITL SLON: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‑Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния Ла́герь (Eng. Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp) SLON — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within what was to become Gulag complex) — headquartered in Solovetsky Islands in Arkhangelsk Oblast. Founded on 13.10.1923 in a famous Orthodox monastery. In the 1920s, one of the first and largest concentration camps in Russia. The place of slave labor of prisoners — at forest felling, sawmills, peat extraction, fishing, loading work on the Murmansk Railway Main Line, in road construction, production of food and consumer goods, at the beginning of the construction of the White Sea ‑ Baltic canal, etc. The concept of the later system of Russian Gulag concentration camps prob. had its origins in the Solovetsky Islands camp — from there the idea spread to the camps in the area covered by the construction of the White Sea ‑ Baltic canal, i.e. ITL BelBaltLag, and from there further, to the entire territory of the Russian state. From the network of camps on the Solovetsky Islands — also called the Solovetsky Islands archipelago — prob. also comes the concept of the „Gulag Archipelago” created by Alexander Solzhenitsyn. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands of prisoners passed through the Solovetsky Islands concentration camps. At its peak, c. 72,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 14,810 (12.1927); 12,909 (03.1928); 65,000 (1929); 53,123 (01.01.1930); 63,000 (01.06.1930); 71,800 (01.01.1931); 15,130 (1932); 19,287 (1933) — c. 43,000 of whom were murdered, including the years 1937‑1938 when c. 9,500 prisoners were transported from the camp and murdered in several places of mass executions, including Sandarmokh, Krasny Bor and Lodeynoye Polye. Among them were many Catholic and Orthodox priests. After the National Socialist Party came to power in Germany in 1933, a German delegation visited the ITL SLON camp, to „inspect” Russian solutions and adopt them later in German concentration camps. It operated until 04.12.1933, with a break from 16.11.1931 to 01.01.1932, when it was part of and later became a subcamp of the ITL BelBaltLag camp. It operated as such until 1939 (from 1936 as a prison). (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‑трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‑Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‑called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‑каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
, www.genealogia.okiem.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.11.14]
, christking.infoClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]

bibliographical:
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑1939. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
Parish priest of Lutsk–Żhytomyr 1801‑1920 and Kamyanets–Podilskyi 1869‑1919 dioceses”, Fr Waldemar Witold Żurek SDB, Lublin 2023

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