Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Sophia (pl. Zofia)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
Congregation of Sisters Servants of Jesus (Sister Handmaids of Jesus - AI)
ministered in Zhytomyr
cause of death
details of death
From 02.1940 to 07.1940 was hiding Fr Paul Welik who after release from Russian concentration camp Gulag returned illegally to Zhytomyr, in her congregation’s house (together with Sr Eleonore Jędrzejewska, among others). On 10.07.1940 as a result of denouncement by neighbours arrested by the Russians, with Fr Welik and her co–nuns. Held in Żhytomyr prison. On 26.10.1940 sentenced by the Russians to 5 years of slave labour. On 30.04.1941 taken to KarLag concentration camp, n. Karaganda in Kazakhstan. Further fate unknown.
camps (+ prisoner no)
KarLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp n. Karaganda in Kazakhstan. One of the largest in Gulag penal system, operational in 1930‑59 (though even later parts of the camp were used as a new concentration camp and prison). Stretched over 300 by 200 km, centered in Dolinka village, c. 45 km from Karaganda. One of the goals was creation a large food base for the developing coal and metallurgical industries of Kazakhstan. 10,000 to 65,000 (in 1949) prisoners — including women and children many of whom perished — were held in the camp at any one time. In total over 1,000,000 inmates slaved in KarLag over its history. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Zhytomyr (prison): Russian investigative prison known for cruel interrogation methods used by the Russians. Execution site as well.
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.11.14]
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